The nuances of transplanting an adult rosehip bush. Follow-up care
Rosehip or park rose is a valuable medicinal and ornamental plant. One of the pressing issues for beginning gardeners related to its cultivation is transplantation. And when and how to do it right, we will discuss below.
When can I transplant
Planned transplants can be performed in spring and autumn. Such a procedure is carried out when:
- the plant grows too long in one place;
- the soil is depleted or too acidified and this cannot be changed by applying various top dressings and deoxidants;
- the place was originally chosen incorrectly and the plant is poorly developed;
- it is possible to move an adult shrub growing outside it to your site.
However, if an urgent transplant was required, which is the only way to save the plant during an attack by pests, the spread of diseases, and flooding the territory, then you can manipulate at any time during the “warm” season, including in the summer.
Important! When transplanting, keep in mind that rosehips are cross-pollinated plants. Accordingly, at least one more pollinator variety should be located nearby (within 2 m) from the transplanted specimen. In the spring, you should move the vegetation from one place to another before the sap flow begins in the shoots, around mid-April. In the autumn period, the main thing is to manage the manipulation 3 weeks before the frost. Approximate dates - October - mid-November, depending on the climate of the region.
How to dig a dogrose
Before you dig a bush, you should prune it. Part of the shoots cut to the root, leaving only 5 of the strongest. Shorten them to a height of 10 cm. This is necessary so that the plant can provide itself with nutrition during the adaptation period in a new place. We recommend reading how to plant a rose, rosehip on a dogrose: how, when and why to plant. The fact is that the rosehip rhizome has a rod structure - the main root can go 5 meters deep. Naturally, nobody can dig a plant with such a large root, and when cutting off most of it, the plant simply does not have enough strength to provide ground parts.
The process of digging rosehip bush:
- A day before the manipulation, the plant should be abundantly watered.
- Dig a bush 40 cm from the trunk to a depth of 35 cm.
- Remove as much soil as possible from the rhizome.
- Tilt the bush slightly and cut off the root root at a distance of 35 cm from the root neck with a sharp shovel.
- Immerse the rhizome for 12-15 hours in a solution of a growth stimulator. You can use "Kornevin" (add 1 tsp. Powder funds to 1 liter of water).
How to transplant a bush
Before transplanting vegetation, you should choose the proper place where shrubs can fully develop. Best of all types of wild rose grow in well-lit areas, located on high ground. It is important that the level of groundwater occurrence is within 2 m from the surface of the ridge, not less. The composition of the soil does not matter. The main thing is that the soil has a neutral acidity, within 5–7 pH. Important! Rosehip should not be planted next to raspberries, gooseberries and currants. These plants will overwhelm each other. Landing pits are dug with a depth of 50 cm and a diameter of 80 cm. If several specimens are to be transplanted, a distance of 0.5–1 m is left between the holes. The top layer (approximately 20 cm) of soil from each well is mixed with 10 kg of humus, 200 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium salt and 70 g of ammonium nitrate. The resulting substrate is filled into the pits 1/3 and poured 10 liters of water. In this state, the recesses are left for 2 hours.
Step-by-step transplant process:
- Add to the well of nutrient soil.
- Place a seedling in the recess and align it with the root neck - after filling the pit, it should be flush with the ground.
- Sprinkle the roots with earth, periodically shaking the plant to avoid the formation of air cushions.
- Seal the soil in the near-stem circle with your hands and pour 10 liters of water.
- After absorbing moisture, mulch with compost (10 cm layer).
In order for the vegetation to quickly take root in a new place and develop well, it needs to organize quality care after the transplant. It will be slightly different - depending on the period of time chosen for the implementation of the manipulation. Did you know? Wild rosehip species can develop and bear fruit for more than 100 years.
Plants transplanted in spring and summer require sufficient moisture and additional nutrition. Instances moved to another place on the site in the fall will need to be properly prepared for winter. This process consists in increasing the layer of mulch to 15 cm and covering the plants with agrofibre upon the onset of the first frosts.
During the first year after transplanting during the warm season, watering is carried out once a month. Under each copy make 20 liters of water. In the future, the culture can be watered only 4 times per season:
- before the start of sap flow;
- before flowering;
- during the formation of the ovary;
- 3 weeks before the onset of frost.
Due to the fact that at the time of transplantation, a sufficiently large amount of mineral fertilizers is applied, during the feeding season it will be necessary to carry out only organic matter. An infusion based on wood ash, banana skins and nettles is well suited. This fertilizer can be used every month in parallel with watering. Prepare it from the calculation: 2 banana skins, 1 kg of nettle and 500 g of wood ash per 20 liters of water. All raw materials are poured with 2 liters of boiling water and insisted for 2 hours. After that add the remaining 18 l of liquid. Insist another week. Make 5 liters for each instance.
Video: how to cook an infusion of ash
After each watering and applying liquid fertilizers, the soil in the trunk circle should be carefully loosened and a little mulch should be added, replacing the settled layer.
Did you know? Previously, young shoots of some varieties of wild rose growing in the Caucasus were used as vegetables in cooking. A rose hip transplant can be carried out even by an inexperienced gardener. Vegetation perfectly tolerates this manipulation and quickly takes root in a new place. The main thing is to correctly approach the process of moving plants and organize quality care after it.