How to germinate dill seeds quickly: properly soaking the seeds
Dill is a vegetable crop that grows long and troublesome. Since it is whimsical, you always need to think about how to germinate it in such a way as to preserve moisture in the ground and prevent cracking of the soil before emergence. To avoid this hassle, many are wondering how to speed up the sprouting of dill.
Choosing the best grade
Dill has many varieties, which are divided into early ripe, mid-ripening and late.
The most common varieties:
- Umbrella - does not have splendor, but differs in early ripeness and resistance to cold;
- Buyan - bush selection variety, medium late, gives an excellent harvest;
- Salute - bush, late ripe;
- Kibray - one of the new varieties, late-ripening, heat-loving, has a sensitivity to low temperature.
What to make dill sprout quickly
To seedlings sprout faster, special seed treatment should be carried out. The most effective way is to soak the dill. To do this, you can use both ordinary water and potassium permanganate, herbal infusions, vodka, stimulants, wood ash, honey, complex solutions, potato juice. But before soaking the seeds must be washed in hot water to cleanse the essential oils that inhibit germination.
To dill, when it comes up, was distinguished by splendor, it is necessary to choose a well-lit area of soil. In the spring or autumn season, the beds on which it is planned to sow the plant must be dug up, and before planting, it is imperative to loosen and water abundantly. For quick germination of crops, the land is fed.
Before sowing, seeds should also be rinsed with water. Dill is planted to a depth of not more than 2 cm. To facilitate the care of the grass, the distance between the rows should not be less than 20 cm. Sown seeds from above are dusted with earth.
Did you know? In ancient Rome, dill was used for all kinds of decoration of dwellings.
Preparing seeds for quick germination
To prepare the seeds for quick germination, it is necessary to take into account the required sowing dates. They, in turn, can vary depending on the region of cultivation, soil condition and atmospheric conditions.
At this time of the year, sowing is carried out in order to obtain an early harvest. Already at the beginning of spring you will receive spicy greens to your table. Seeds that have successfully wintered in the soil grow 2 weeks earlier in spring crops. However, when sown in the fall, there is a risk that during the late frosts the plants will freeze.
In spring and summer
Dill can withstand temperatures up to -3 ° C, so the first sowing can be done immediately after the snow melts. If you are lucky with weather conditions and spring will please you with warm weather with a temperature of + 10 ° C, then you will be able to harvest the crop in April.
Basic methods of seed soaking
There are many ways to soak. Consider the main ones that are most often used when growing dill.
Seeds are laid on the bottom of the plate or saucer on a pre-laid gauze or cotton fabric and soaked in water for 2 days. After germination, hollow seeds are thrown away.
During soaking, it is recommended to replace the water every 4 hours, carefully, slowly mixing the seeds. Water temperature for thermophilic varieties is required within +20 ... + 25 ° С, for unpretentious ones - +15 ... + 20 ° С. When soaking, the seeds only need to swell. The procedure can be completed when 1 to 1.5% of seeds hatch.
Important! Having prepared soaked seeds for sowing, the sprouts can be seen 2-3 days earlier than when planted dry. And soaked in melt water, an even faster germination is observed.
In various stimulants
Solutions of trace elements and stimulants are used in order to germinate and get quick shoots of this vegetable crop. To achieve these goals, agents containing such chemical elements as iron, copper, zinc, cobalt, boron, magnesium, and molybdenum are used as a solution for soaking. Before soaking, the seeds are heated and disinfected. After the end of the process, they are completely dried and planted without rinsing with water.
- "Epin" - strengthens the immune system of plants, improving survival in adverse conditions;
- "Fitosporin" is a fungicide that prevents many diseases;
- “Zircon” - the chicory acid contained in it stimulates growth and favorably affects the development of the root system;
- "Humate" is a drug developed on the basis of humic acid.
According to folk recipes
In order for dill to quickly ascend, you can use folk recipes, which are more affordable. Consider them below.
Check out the technology for growing dill in a greenhouse.
In herbal infusions
To speed up the germination of spices, you can use decoction of a variety of herbs to soak. The most popular ones are aloe or chamomile.
When soaking in chamomile, you need to pour in a cup or teapot 1 tablespoon of dried chamomile and pour water at a temperature of +90 ... + 95 ° С. Wait for the broth to cool to about + 50 ° C, and only then lower the gauze bag with seeds for half an hour. Chamomile broth has the ability to flush essential oils.
For processing, the juice must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 1. A piece of gauze or cotton cloth is wet in the solution, the seeds are placed in it and kept for 24 hours. Additionally, to give greater humidity, juice can be sprayed on top.
Did you know? In the Middle Ages, people believed that this fragrant plant protects against witchcraft.
In wood ash
To soak in wood ash, you need to take 2 tablespoons of ash per liter jar of warm water. Leave for 2 days, gently mix from time to time. Then the solution needs to be very carefully drained by immersing the seeds in a tissue bag in it, then keeping it for 4-5 hours.
Everyone knows the beneficial and healing properties of honey. It strengthens the immune system and has antiseptic properties. To soak in it, you need to dilute a teaspoon of honey in a glass of warm purified water and lower the seeds into it. After 5 hours, remove and dry to flowability.
In complex solution
It is possible to accelerate the germination of this vegetable crop using a complex solution, the soaking time is 5 hours. It is prepared very simply: first they make a solution of wood ash, then a small amount of onion husks is poured with a liter of boiled water. Combine together in a ratio of 1: 1 ash and onion solutions, adding 1 g of potassium permanganate, 0.3 g of boric acid and 5 g of soda, mix thoroughly and lower the dill seed material.
For successful soaking, other solutions are also used:
- In a solution of potassium permanganate, used for soaking, the seeds are disinfected and prevented from disease. Swollen seeds are placed for 3 hours in a solution that should be bright pink. It is possible to replace potassium permanganate with 3% hydrogen peroxide, while the soaking time is reduced to 6 minutes.
- When using potato juice, you need to perform some actions. Raw potatoes are placed in the freezer until frozen, then they should be thawed a little. Then, using a juicer or grater, squeeze the juice out of them, place the seeds in the juice for 7 hours.
- Decoction of mushrooms. To do this, finely chopped any dried mushrooms are placed in a bowl and pour boiling water, cover with a lid and insist until the broth cools down. Seeds wrapped in cheesecloth should be poured with a decoction and held for 5-6 hours. After that, they are dried to a loose state and sown.
- Also recommend using vodka. Wrapped in cloth or gauze, the seeds must be dipped in vodka for 15 minutes, not exceeding this time. It is quite enough to dissolve the essential oils.
Seeds for calibration are poured into a bowl of water. Those that are unusable or empty will float and will be on the surface. They should be drained with water. That seed that was at the bottom remains to lie for about an hour. The remaining water is drained, and the seeds should be soaked in a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide for 5-7 minutes. It is not necessary to pour a lot of liquid, it is better to moisten the fabric. Water for this procedure should correspond to a temperature of +25 ... + 30 ° С. 3-4 times a day, it is necessary to wash the seeds, without removing them from the tissue, for washing off the essential oils. For early germination, the tissue along with the seeds can be put in a plastic bag and kept in a warm place for 3 days, but no more.
Useful tips gardeners
If you want to enjoy dill from your garden for the May holidays, you need to sow the seeds directly into the soil in April. And so that all summer in the country there was a dill, it is recommended to plant it in several stages. Dill sown before winter will produce its first crop two weeks earlier than when sown after snow has melted. To achieve this, it is necessary to sow before the first snow falls and the onset of frost. The ideal time is in early November. In this case, the depth of the bed should be done 2-3 cm more than when sowing in the spring. The bed, which was sown for the winter, should be insulated and covered.
Important! Yellowing dill means that the plant is dehydrated and needs to be abundantly watered. So, in order to sprout dill seeds faster, you will not need special skills and additional costs. All methods are affordable, and subject to technology and care, you can enjoy dill much faster than expected.