Gooseberry Spring: characteristics, features of cultivation and reproduction
Gooseberry Spring is known to many farmers in the CIS. The variety has significant advantages, which is why the culture has gained popularity among domestic gardeners. However, caring for the bushes is not as easy as it seems at first glance. Below you will find a description of the plant, varietal characteristics and agricultural machinery for growing bushes.
Spring variety was developed by breeders of the Belarusian Research Institute of Potato and Horticulture. Gooseberry Colubmus became the maternal variety. To remove Yarovoy used the method of free pollination.
Did you know? Wild gooseberries were cultivated in France in the 14th century. By the second half of the XIX century, there were more than 1000 varieties.
The gooseberry Yarovaya grows up to 1.5 m. The plant has the appearance of a medium-sized shrub with smooth shoots. Crohn slightly spreading. Spikes are double or single, cover branches sparingly. The leaves are dark green with a glossy sheen.
The berries ripen yellow round-oblong in shape. The weight of one copy is 3-4 g. The taste is sweet and sour with pronounced sweetness.
Advantages and disadvantages
Yarovoy variety has many advantages.
- Among them:
- early ripening;
- frost resistance;
- drought tolerance;
- high productivity;
- high taste;
- resistance to powdery mildew - a fungal disease of fruit crops, which is manifested by a white coating on parts of the plant.
- Farmers also highlight several major disadvantages of the variety:
- low immunity to some fungal diseases;
- the fruits quickly ripen on the branches, and the flesh acquires a mealy consistency.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
Drought tolerance is high. The plant begins to wilt when the soil is waterlogged, but it feels good under the bright sun.
Bushes survive frosts down to -35 ° С. At lower temperatures, branches and buds begin to die.
Video: An early variety of gooseberry Spring
Productivity and fruiting
Gooseberry Yarovoy refers to high-yielding varieties. From one bush, farmers remove up to 6 kg of berries . With proper care, fruiting lasts up to 20 years after planting. Ripening dates are early - the crop spetset already by the end of June.
Gooseberry planting is carried out on time according to a clear pattern. For a competent planting of a seedling, you also need to know which site to choose and how to choose the right seedling. Did you know? Gooseberries grow wild in some countries in Europe, Asia and North America.
Gooseberries can be planted in spring or autumn:
- in October (a month before the first frosts);
- in March - April (before the start of the growing season).
Farmers prefer autumn planting, as gooseberries adapt better to climatic conditions. In spring, the time from warming to the beginning of the growing season is too short, and it is not always possible to plant a bush before the sap flow begins.
Choosing the right place
The survival of gooseberries grows in many respects on the survival and fruiting. Spring variety is recommended to be planted on a site with the following characteristics:
- lack of shadow;
- the presence of protection from sharp winds;
- groundwater at a distance of no higher than 1.5 m to the ground;
- substrate of neutral or weak acidity.
Find out in more detail what soil acidity should be for planting gooseberries.
Selection and preparation of planting material
The following seedling parameters indicate the quality of planting material:
- age 2 years;
- 2-3 main shoots from 25 cm long;
- the length of the roots is not less than 25 cm;
- leaves only on the tops of branches;
- lack of damage to the cortex.
Before planting, seedlings are cut to a third of the length . Each branch should have up to 5 buds. The procedure is necessary for subsequent active growth. Gardeners also check the root system and remove dried roots.
Gooseberry bushes are planted according to the scheme 1–1.5 m between plants and 2–2.5 m in the aisle. Shrubs should not be planted closer. Thickened plantations develop worse and bear fruit.
Features of seasonal care
High yields cannot be achieved without planting care. Shrubs should be regularly watered, fed, pruned and trimmed to prevent diseases and pests.
Video: Planting and caring for gooseberries
Soil care involves regular watering and loosening of the soil.
Shrubs are watered throughout the growing season as needed . The soil is moistened every 3-4 days, pouring 10 liters of water under the bush. Watering is especially important in the middle of summer as the plant builds up buds.
Important! Bushes are watered in the morning or evening strictly under the trunk. If water gets on the leaves, burns are likely.
After each watering and rain, it is necessary to fluff up the ground. Loosening is necessary so that the soil is not taken by the crust.
The culture is susceptible to fungal diseases. For the prevention of plantings, they are sprayed with a 1% solution of copper sulfate or an ash solution. The consumption of drugs is 10 liters per 100 m².
Chitat also how to properly treat gooseberries with Topaz fungicide.
For active fruiting, shrubs need to be fed regularly. Fertilizers are recommended to be applied twice a year:
- in the spring at the beginning of the growing season - nitrogen-containing substances (urea, ammonium nitrate);
- in the summer during fruit setting - complex top dressing of 30 g of potassium sulfate, 70 g of double superphosphate and 100 g of ash.
So that the bush grows evenly, and the branches do not fall to the ground, the shoots are tied to a support. An excellent option would be a trellis in the form of a framework covering a plant . A support of this kind is easy to build from improvised materials, for example: wooden stakes and a rope or a metal pipe. The support helps maintain a compact appearance of the bush, saves space on the site and gives direction for the growth of the plant.
Read more on how to build a gooseberry bush holder.
The formation of the bush is carried out annually before the start of vegetation in spring or after the end of sap flow in autumn. The gardener should remove:
- diseased branches;
- broken shoots;
- root shoots;
- branches growing inward and thickening the crown.
Harvesting and storage
Harvested when the berries become yellow. When overripe, the pulp of the fruit acquires a mealy consistency. Keep the crop should be in the refrigerator or cellar for no more than 5-10 days.
The frost resistance of the variety is high, therefore, shelter is not necessary in the middle and southern bands. Of the mandatory preparatory measures:
- loosening and weeding the soil;
- pruning of damaged shoots;
- mulching the trunk circle with sawdust.
Important! In regions where frosts drop below - 35 ° C, bushes should be wrapped with agrofibre for the winter.
There are several ways to reproduce gooseberries. All of them are different and have their own nuances.
|Seeds||The method is suitable for breeding new varieties. Plants bred through pollination from the mother plant do not retain varietal characteristics.|
|Dividing the bush||You can divide the bush before or at the end of the growing season. For this, the plant is dug up and divided into several parts, each of which has a rhizome, buds and shoots. Separated parts of the bush are planted in a new place.|
|Layering||Branches on a bush in spring bend to the ground and attach with brackets. When the shoots start up vertical layers, they are dug into the ground. By autumn, layering takes root. Now a new bush can be separated from the mother and transplanted to a new place.|
|Cuttings||For propagation, you can use lignified or green cuttings. Shoots about 20 cm long are cut and planted in fertile soil. When the roots grow, plants can be planted in a permanent place.|
Diseases and Pests
The variety is resistant to powdery mildew. However, there are other diseases that are dangerous to the culture. Among them:
- Septoria (brown spots with a diameter of up to 3 mm appear on the leaves, which subsequently turn white);
- Anthracnose (leaf plates are covered with red spots that grow and merge as the disease develops).
To treat these two fungal diseases, a 3% solution of copper sulfate or a 3% solution of Bordeaux fluid is used.
We also recommend reading how to deal with lichen and moss on gooseberries.
Plants can also infect parasites:
- gooseberry flint;
- yellow sawfly;
- spider mite;
- gooseberry aphids.
Pests are removed with insecticides . For the treatment of all these parasites, the drug Karbofos has proven itself well.
Not only a professional farmer, but also a simple summer resident will cope with the cultivation of the Spring variety. The shrub will decorate the garden and will surely delight the owner with a delicious ripe harvest.
Network user reviews
As for the early gooseberry, the variety is very worthwhile, with very good indicators: the taste is good, I would even say excellent; attractive color from pale yellow to rich yellow, I have one of the most fruitful, almost the entire branch is covered with berries, branches they lie on the ground under their weight, which causes inconvenience in rainy weather, as the berries begin to rot, and this requires additional labor to save the berries from decay. The berries were not specially weighed, but visually quite large. Resistant to powdery mildew e. Winter resistance is very good, after last winter, the crop was one of the best, along with Kurshu Dzintars. I consider this variety promising for cultivation on the territory of Ukraine. In addition to the information in post No. 1: the variety was bred by A.G. Voluznev from sowing seeds Columbus cultivars (free pollination). According to E.P. Franchuk, they contain 7.08-8.43% sugars, 1.95-2.26% acids and up to 41.2 mg% vitamin C. According to data A .G. Voluzneva, average yield 3.4 kg, in household plots -5-6 kg per bush. Universal direction of use. Very early ripening period (in Belor SMAI-late June-early July, Michurinsk matures concurrently with strawberry) characterized by rapid razvitiem.V therefore "leaves" of the defeat of the American powdery rosoy.Ustoychivost to the disease persists in different ecological and geographical conditions. Levchenko //forum.vinograd.info/showpost.php?p=564139&postcount=2