Features of growing peach varieties Juicy

Sweet peaches are loved by children and adults, and one of the best types of these fruits is Juicy variety. Mature trees create an extensive shadow on the site, and their branches are studded with medium-sized fruits with an attractive burgundy blush. This article provides a description of the peach Juicy and its main advantages, lists the features of the choice and planting of seedlings, as well as the rules for caring for trees and methods of dealing with the main difficulties.

Description and distinctive features of peach Juicy

This type of peach was obtained in 1932 in the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea as a result of crossing varieties Rochester and Greensboro. I. N. Ryabov, breeder of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, worked on its creation, wishing to obtain a new winter-hardy species that gives a generous crop of sweet fruits.

Did you know? The homeland of the peach tree has not been established, but in China it was known 4000 years ago.

The main characteristics of peach Juicy are listed below:

  1. The tree is vigorous, forms a rounded and sprawling crown. The leaves are large, have jagged edges.
  2. Flowering occurs in the second half of April and lasts about 10-12 days. In this case, small pink-like flowers are formed on the tree.
  3. The variety belongs to early ripening - the fruits ripen in late July or early August. Productivity from one tree can reach 60–70 kg.
  4. The fruiting process is regular and begins for 2-3 years from the moment of planting a seedling.
  5. The shape of the fruit is spherical, slightly flattened laterally. Fruits are medium in size and grow on a short stalk, and each of them weighs 100–150 g.
  6. Outside, peaches are covered with a strong and thick greenish-cream skin with a thick pubescence. On its surface there is a blurred burgundy blush and a well-defined abdominal suture.
  7. The pulp of the fetus is colored in a greenish-white color, red veins are visible in it. It has a creamy structure, rich sweet and sour taste and pleasant aroma, contains a lot of juice.
  8. Inside the fruit is a large rounded oval bone, which is poorly separated from the pulp.

What are the benefits of the variety?

Compared to other varieties of fruit trees, Juicy Peach has a number of advantages that attract many gardeners. Thanks to these positive qualities, trees of this variety grow well in a variety of conditions and successfully bear fruit.

  • The main advantages of peach Juicy include such qualities:
  • high winter hardiness - trees can withstand winter frosts down to -25 ° С, and inflorescences and ovaries can survive a drop in temperature to 0 ° С;
  • self-fertility - the variety does not need pollinators;
  • high productivity - tree branches tend to break off under the weight of an excessive number of fruits, so experienced gardeners advise to put supports under them;
  • rapid tree growth - this variety has a high ability to form young shoots, forming a lush and dense crown;
  • the ability to adapt to adverse climate conditions - trees can tolerate drought and spring return frosts;
  • excellent taste characteristics of fruits - on a 5-point scale for assessing taste, this variety was rated at 4.5 points;
  • a large number of vitamins and nutrients - they help increase immunity, improve the condition of the skin and hair and help fight stress.

Important! The disadvantage of this variety is its low portability and poor keeping quality of fresh fruits.

Features of planting peach

Peach cultivation on the site begins with planting a seedling, but before that you need to choose a suitable site for the fruit tree and properly prepare the soil. The landing procedure itself is not very complex, but must be carried out strictly on time with a certain sequence of actions. And in order for the tree to take root safely in the ground and begin active growth, it is important to choose high-quality planting material. About the main features of planting peach varieties Juicy - later in the article.

Dates and place of landing

Experienced gardeners advise peach planting in the fall, but in regions with harsh and cold winters, this procedure is better to transfer to the spring so that young seedlings do not freeze. In autumn, trees are recommended to be planted on the site in late September or early October, and in spring - in late March or early April.

You can’t plant Juicy peach on a site that was previously used to grow solanaceous and gourds, strawberries, clovers and alfalfa - in this case, the tree may get verticillosis

The plot for growing these trees must meet the following requirements:

  • good sun exposure - for normal growth and uniform ripening of fruits, a peach needs a lot of light;
  • location on the south side of other structures - the soil in this area is well warmed up by the sun, which has a beneficial effect on tree growth;
  • protection from the cold wind - when growing on a draft in the summer, the tree can be affected by various diseases, and in winter, cold gusts of wind lead to icing of the bark;
  • the absence of other trees and shrubs within a radius of 3 m - they not only absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil, but can also create an extra shadow for the peach;
  • the depth of groundwater is at least 2.2 m - the roots of the tree quickly rot in conditions of too wet soil;
  • fertile and loose soil - sandy or loamy soil, as well as chernozem, are best suited for the peach root system.

Important! At the time of peach planting, the juicy temperature of the topsoil should be +12 ... + 15 ° C. In autumn, this procedure is carried out no later than 1 month before the first frost.

Selection of seedlings

The success of growing peaches directly depends on the quality of the planting material, so when buying seedlings you need to follow several important rules. They will help you choose a healthy seedling that quickly adapts to a new place and will continue to regularly delight in sweet fruits.

You need to buy peach seedlings Juicy only from trusted sellers, and the quality of a young tree can be assessed by such external signs:

  • a smooth and even surface of the trunk, an even place of grafting - in this case, the seedling should give in to bending, but should not break;
  • on a healthy tree there should be 3-4 lateral branches without leaves - the green mass draws moisture from the trunk and complicates its rooting in the soil;
  • branched root system without rotted or dried up areas - on the cut, the roots should be juicy and white;
  • the age of the tree is 1-2 years - such specimens have a height of up to 1.5 m and are best taken root in the soil;
  • green color of the underside of the bark - brown wood can be seen under the dead tree under the bark.

In order for the juicy peach seedlings to be well transported, their roots need to be fixed and wrapped with a damp cloth, and then wrapped in plastic wrap.

Did you know? The peach contains poisonous hydrocyanic acid for humans - in large quantities it can cause severe intoxication of the body.

Site preparation

Prepare the site for planting young trees in advance. To do this, it is cleaned of debris and weeds, and then dug to a depth of 30-40 cm. If planting is planned for spring, the planting pits are prepared in the fall so that the soil settles in them and fertilizers are well dissolved. For autumn planting, pits are prepared in about 2-3 months. Their exact sizes are determined based on the volume of the root system of seedlings, but the width and depth should be at least 50 cm. Between adjacent recesses there should be a distance of about 3 m so that the trees have enough space for growth.

The topsoil obtained by digging a planting pit should be put aside and mixed with such fertilizers:

  • humus or rotted manure - 7 kg;
  • potassium chloride - 50 g;
  • superphosphate - 50 g;
  • wood ash - 250 g.

The resulting nutrient soil mixture is laid out on the bottom of the recess in the form of a knoll and the pit is left in this state until planting.

Did you know? In the United States since 1982, August is considered the National Peach Month.

Step-by-step process

Planting a peach Juicy is practically no different from planting other varieties of this culture. It is best to carry out this procedure 2-3 days after the purchase of seedlings so that their root system does not have time to dry out.

Step-by-step instructions for planting a peach of this variety are presented below:

  1. Trim too long and damaged seedling roots. If planting is carried out in the spring, then shorten the central conductor to a height of 90 cm, and cut the side branches to a third of the length.
  2. A day before planting, place a tree in a solution of a growth stimulant to stimulate the formation of new roots.
  3. Drive 1-2 wooden poles to the bottom of the prepared landing pit. Their height should be about 1.5 m.
  4. Pour 5-7 liters of water into the recess. Wait until it is completely absorbed into the ground.
  5. Place the peach seedling in the planting pit so that the root neck is 3-4 cm above the ground. Spread the roots of the tree on the surface of the mound of soil and fertilizer.
  6. Sprinkle peach roots with the remaining soil. Tie the tree to the supports with a rope to fix it in an even vertical position.
  7. Pour the seedling with 1 bucket of water. When the moisture is completely absorbed, tamp the surface of the soil around the peach, indicating the territory of the trunk circle. At a distance of 40-60 cm from the tree trunk, form an earthen roller with a height of up to 15 cm.
  8. Mulch the surface of the trunk circle with peat, sawdust or dry needles. The thickness of the mulch layer should be at least 5–7 cm.

Video: planting peach seedlings

Grade Pollinators

Peach Juicy belongs to the self-fertile varieties, therefore, does not need additional pollinators. It is not necessary to plant it next to other varieties of fruit trees, but it can be used as a pollinator for other peach varieties, the flowering period of which falls at the same time.

Plant care

To grow strong and large trees from seedlings of peach Juicy, annually giving a rich harvest of fruits, you need to carry out the right care for them. The main factors affecting the quantity and quality of fruits are timely watering and regular fertilizing.

Important! To protect the places of cuts from the penetration of infections and pests, they need to be generously greased with garden var.

It is equally important to thin out and form the crown of the tree so that it maintains the correct rounded shape, and all the fruits receive a sufficient amount of sunlight. When growing this variety in areas with a cold climate, you should also take care of sheltering trees for the winter. About all the intricacies of peach care Juicy - later in the article.


This variety tolerates drought well, but to form a large number of sweet and large fruits with long-term absence of rain, trees need to be watered. In this case, the norm should be observed, since excess moisture in the soil can cause peach diseases.

The main recommendations for watering the variety are listed below:

  • young seedlings, when there is no rain, are watered 2 times a month, spending 10-15 liters of water for each of them;
  • depending on weather conditions, an adult peach is irrigated 2-3 times per season;
  • water consumption rate - 30–40 l for each tree;
  • the soil in the near-stem circle after watering should get wet to a depth of at least 60 cm;
  • plantings are irrigated in the early morning or evening - at this time the water does not evaporate under the hot rays of the sun and the soil around the tree gets wet well;
  • the peach is irrigated for the first time in late May - during this period a lot of ovaries form on the tree, so it needs a lot of moisture;
  • the second watering is carried out approximately at the beginning of July to support the active growth of fruits;
  • the last time the peach is watered 3-4 weeks before the fruit is picked so that their flesh becomes sweet and juicy;
  • at the end of October, they carry out winter-watered water-charging irrigation, spending 9-10 buckets of water per 1 m².

Important! It is not recommended to irrigate the juicy peach less than 20 days before harvesting - this will make the pulp of the fruit watery and not so sweet.

Trimming and shaping the crown of a young peach

Juicy peach needs annual pruning, because without forming and thinning it, a dense crown will overshadow the fruit from sunlight. In the spring, this procedure is carried out in March before the start of active sap flow, and in the fall they carry out sanitary pruning after harvesting. Forming pruning is carried out in the first 3-4 years of the tree's life - while gardeners most often give the crown a cup shape.

Autumn sanitary pruning involves the removal of old and dried shoots, as well as branches that have been damaged by diseases or pests. This procedure will help prepare the tree for winter, so that the peach better survive the frosts.

The basic rules for shaping juicy peach pruning are listed below:

  1. The next spring, after planting the seedling, cut off all the side shoots located at a height of less than 40-50 cm above the ground - thus forming a tree stem.
  2. The central conductor is shortened to 85 cm, and for the formation of the first tier of skeletal branches, 3-5 of the strongest shoots are left, which are located at a distance of 8-15 cm from each other and directed in different directions. All remaining lateral branches are cut for 3-4 buds.
  3. The next year after the second tier of the crown is likewise formed. All skeletal branches and growths of shoots located on them are shortened by 50-60 cm, and competing side shoots and those that grew on a tree stem are also removed.
  4. The top of the main conductor is cut off just above the level of the last upper branch. Between shoots growing on skeletal branches leave at least 15–20 cm, removing extra branches.
  5. The next year, the third tier of skeletal branches is formed, choosing the strongest shoots for this and shortening them by a third. All growths are cut off for 2-3 buds, and also perform thinning of the crown, removing closely growing branches and non-bearing shoots.
  6. After completion of the formation of the peach crown, annual spring pruning is performed, removing branches growing inward and damaged by frost.

Top dressing

Juicy peach needs regular top dressing, which stimulate the active growth of a young seedling and help to achieve good taste qualities of fruits on adult trees. In this case, it is necessary to apply both organic and mineral fertilizers, observing a certain dosage and adhering to the recommended schedule.

Important! For young seedlings that have not yet entered the fruiting period, the dosage of these fertilizers must be reduced by 2 times.

The basic rules for feeding are listed below:

  • in April, before the buds open, the peach is sprayed with a 7% urea solution - it contains nitrogen, which is necessary for the tree to grow normally, and also destroys pests under the bark and in the area of ​​the trunk circle;
  • if the first foliar top dressing could not be carried out before budding, the soil around the tree is dug up with the addition of 50 g of urea and 70 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 m². Every 2-3 years of a tree’s life, the amount of these fertilizers increases by 15–20 g;
  • in May, peach is irrigated with a nutrient solution of 10 l of water, 50 g of ammonium nitrate, 120 g of superphosphate, 60 g of potassium sulfate, 60 g of ammonium sulfate, 10 g of borax and 15 g of manganese - treatment of the tree crown with this mixture will contribute to the formation of large fruits;
  • in mid-July, 50 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium sulfate are added under each tree to improve the sugar content of the fruit;
  • in August, fertilizing is not recommended - this will lead to the fact that the shoots of the tree will continue active growth, and the fruit will not ripen on time;
  • before root dressing, peach should be well watered to prevent root burns;
  • in the fall, during the digging of the tree trunk on 1 m² of area, 50 g of calcium chloride and 40 g of superphosphate are added to restore the strength of the tree after active fruiting and prepare it for wintering;
  • once every 3-4 years they spend autumn top dressing of peach with compost or humus, spending 1 bucket of fertilizer per 1 m² of stem circle.

Preparing a tree for winter

This variety is winter-hardy, but when grown in regions with a cold climate, it needs additional shelter. It helps prevent icing of the bark and protects the roots of the tree from freezing. The main recommendations for preparing peach Juicy for the winter are listed below:

  • the tree is sheltered in the second half of November, before the onset of steady frost;
  • an earthen hill up to 30 cm high is formed around the peach’s trunk, and the surface of the trunk circle is covered with a layer of sawdust or rotted humus 10–15 cm thick;
  • Wrap the tree stem with 2-3 layers of burlap or thick cardboard, fixing it with ropes;
  • on young seedlings you can put on a narrow and tall cardboard box, filling its inside with dry hay;
  • in spring you can remove the shelter after the night temperature reaches + 5 ° C.

It is not recommended to use a plastic film for winter shelter of a peach - it does not allow air to pass through well and under it a tree can rot

Diseases and Pests

Данный сорт отличается средней устойчивостью к заболеваниям и вредителям, но при наличии ошибок в уходе или выращивании на затенённых и влажных участках риск заражения деревьев увеличивается. Поэтому каждый садовод должен знать об основных проблемах, которые могут возникнуть при культивировании персика Сочный, чтобы устранить их на ранней стадии.

Узнайте о болезнях и вредителях персиковых деревьев.

Далее в статье перечислены основные болезни и вредители, которые могут угрожать плодовым деревьям данного сорта:

  1. Powdery Mildew Инфекция поражает зелёную массу персика, а также его плоды. На начальной стадии поверхность листьев покрывается тонким белым налётом, который в дальнейшем становится бурым и плотным. Поражённые участки отмирают, побеги останавливаются в росте, а споры грибка ветром распространяются на остальную часть дерева. Чтобы устранить проблему, нужно обрезать все заражённые побеги и листья, а крону персика обработать раствором «Топаза».

  2. Cytosporosis. Данное заболевание поражает ствол и ветки дерева, а находящийся между слоями древесины и коры луб при этом становится тёмно-коричневым. Первыми признаками инфекции являются засыхание верхних частей побегов и коричневые пятна на поверхности коры. В дальнейшем болезнь поражает ствол, вызывая гибель всего дерева. Чтобы справиться с проблемой, нужно удалить и сжечь все поражённые ветки — при этом на месте среза не должно оставаться заражённых участков древесины. Обрезанные части дерева обрабатывают садовым варом, а крону и ствол опрыскивают 3% раствором бордосской жидкости.

  3. Kleasterosporiosis. Болезнь поражает всё дерево и на его листьях появляются бурые пятна с красной каймой, образованные колониями грибка. Со временем поражённый участок отмирает и на листе образуется сквозная дыра. Для борьбы с инфекцией нужно удалить все поражённые участки, а места срезов обработать раствором извести и медного купороса. После этого персик орошают раствором специальных противогрибковых препаратов (например, «Метеором»).

  4. Aphid. Насекомые имеют мелкие размеры и могут быть окрашены в зелёный, оранжевый или жёлтый цвет. Они высасывают сок из листьев персика, покрывая зелёную массу дерева липким налётом, который служит благоприятной средой для размножения грибка. Признаком заражения является засыхание и пожелтение листьев персика, а в дальнейшем дерево стремительно теряет зелёную массу. При небольшом количестве вредителей их можно собирать и уничтожать вручную, но если насекомых очень много, то применяют раствор из 250 г извести и 200 г медного купороса, растворённых в 10 л воды.

  5. Восточная плодожорка. Данное насекомое может успешно перезимовать в трещинах на коре, а с наступлением тепла производит поколение гусениц, которые питаются молодыми побегами, завязями и мякотью плодов. Поражённые личинками участки начинают загнивать, завязи опадают, а плоды становятся непригодными для употребления. Для борьбы с вредителем крону персика орошают раствором «Хлорофоса».

Чтобы предотвратить появление всех перечисленных трудностей, рекомендуется выполнять такие методы:

  • проводить опрыскивание персика 3% раствором бордосской жидкости весной до момента распускания почек и осенью после сбора урожая;
  • очищать область приствольного круга от опавших плодов, сорняков и мусора;
  • соблюдать график полива и внесения удобрений;
  • рыхлить почву вокруг ствола, а также осуществлять её перекапывание осенью и весной;
  • использовать ловчие пояса для насекомых, надевая их на штамб и скелетные ветки дерева;
  • своевременно удалять участки старой и засохшей коры;
  • выбирать для выращивания персика подходящее место с хорошим доступом солнечного света и рыхлой почвой.

Did you know? По общей площади насаждений в мире персики занимают 3 место после яблок и бананов.

Harvesting and storage of crops

Собирать урожай спелых фруктов нужно вовремя, чтобы плоды максимально сохранили свои вкусовые качества и привлекательный товарный вид. Если сорвать персики с дерева недозревшими, то их поверхность может сморщиться, а перезревшие плоды быстро загнивают.

Персики сорта Сочный отличаются слабой лёжкостью, а также требуют аккуратного обращения во время сбора урожая и перевозки. Их рекомендуется употреблять в свежем виде или использовать для производства фруктового сока

Основные правила сбора и хранения урожая персика Сочный:

  • урожай созревает поэтапно, поэтому собирать спелые плоды нужно в несколько подходов;
  • чтобы уберечь нежную поверхность фруктов от вмятин и повреждений, собирать урожай нужно в перчатках — при этом персики срывают всей кистью вместе с плодоножкой, поворачивая и отламывая её от ветки дерева;
  • собранные персики аккуратно складывают в деревянные ящики или другие ёмкости, избегая ударов и сжатия фруктов;
  • для хранения и транспортировки плоды рекомендуется срывать на этапе изменения окраса кожицы с зелёного на кремовый;
  • полностью созревшие фрукты плохо хранятся, поэтому их нужно использовать сразу же после сбора;
  • на хранение можно закладывать только персики с твёрдой поверхностью, не имеющей механических повреждений;
  • собранные плоды хранят при температуре около 0°С и относительной влажности воздуха не менее 90% — в таких условиях они могут находиться до 1 месяца;
  • чтобы увеличить срок хранения свежих персиков, нужно завернуть каждый из них в плотную бумагу и поместить в ящик-лоток, укладывая плоды одним слоем;
  • при температуре свыше +10°С фрукты данного сорта можно хранить не более 5 дней — в таких условиях они быстро становятся мягкими и начинают портиться.

Important! Нельзя держать персики в закрытых полиэтиленовых пакетах — такая упаковка препятствует свободному доступу воздуха, а на её внутренней стороне образуется конденсат, который провоцирует быстрое гниение плодов.

Чтобы получить щедрый урожай сладких персиков сорта Сочный, нужно правильно осуществить посадку саженцев и обеспечить деревьям надлежащий уход. Используя перечисленные в данной статье советы и рекомендации, справиться с данной задачей сможет даже начинающий садовод. А своевременные профилактические работы против болезней и вредителей и правильное хранение помогут избежать значительных потерь урожая.

User reviews

У меня Сочный растет много лет. Брали в Канцеровском питомнике. Вкус замечательный, всегда крупный но с ветки при полном созревании снять невозможно, давится. Режу персик с кусочком лозы и в один слой в ящик. На рынке на улёт. Для крупных фермеров конечно проблематично, а для меня 5 деревьев очень даже неплохо и убирать не буду. olechka070 //forum.vinograd.info/showpost.php?p=913271&postcount=5

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