Description and characteristics of apricot variety Triumph North
Despite the huge number of apricot varieties grown in the world, most of them are not suitable for the continental climate of the temperate zone. The main selection criterion is winter hardiness, which allows trees to survive in harsh winters, and flowers during spring frosts. One of the best representatives that meet these requirements is considered the apricot Triumph North.
Description of apricot variety Triumph North
The variety was obtained by crossing two popular varieties: Krasnoshchekoy and Northern Early. It was bred by academician A.N. Venyaminov while working at the All-Russian Research Institute of Gardening named after I.V. Michurina. At first, it landed in the territories of the Central Black Earth Region, but subsequently, having shown excellent qualities, it spread throughout central Russia, the Urals and Siberia. Under the right conditions of planting and care, it abundantly bears fruit in the Moscow Region and the Leningrad Region.
Did you know? Apricot seeds can be used as an additive to dishes as a substitute for bitter almonds. In addition, marzipans and other desserts are often prepared from small seeds.
A powerful spreading tree grows quickly up to 4-5 meters in height. Thick skeletal branches are located at an angle of 45 ° to the trunk. The branching is average. The leaves are bright green, large, with a wavy edge and a sharp tip. White flowers with pink veins give the tree a high decorativeness during flowering.
The weight of heap-growing pubescent fruits can range from 25 to 50 g, depending on care and agricultural technology. The peel of the berry is velvety, orange, with a speckled blush on the sunny side. Sweet pulp with sourness, aromatic. The bones are easily separated, their nucleoli are edible and have a pleasant almond taste without bitterness.
Tall apricot with a late ripening season is highly appreciated for its ability to grow and bear fruit in areas with a cold climate, and its large fruits of universal application have time to ripen in a short summer.
Disease and pest resistance
The triumph of the north is resistant to pathogens of fungal diseases, but can be affected by cytosporosis, verticillosis and moniliosis . Well treats with copper-containing drugs. Of the pests, aphids, codling moths, and hawthorn are most commonly found.
Read more about apricot tree diseases and their treatment.
Systemic insecticides or home remedies are used against them - soap solution, tincture of tobacco and others. Diseases and pests mainly affect specimens weakened due to poor care, planted without observing agricultural machinery or with untreated damage from frost pits.
Drought and frost resistance
The tree does not tolerate long droughts poorly, since its root system is superficial. The frost resistance of the variety is high, temperature drops to -30 ° C are well tolerated. In more severe frost, young trees and annual growths can freeze. Flower buds are not particularly resistant to return frosts during early flowering.
Video: Apricot Triumph North
Pollination, timing of flowering and ripening
The variety is self-fertile and does not need additional pollination, which saves space on the site. But the proximity to pollinators will increase the yield of the Triumph of the North. Suitable varieties are Cupid, Best Michurinsky and others with the same flowering period. Apricot blooms early in the second half of May, but the fruits ripen only in early August. Fruiting occurs 3-4 years after planting and lasts up to 25 years.
Did you know? Dried fruits made from apricots are the most popular in the world.
Productivity and Transportability
The average yield is about 40 kg per tree, reaching a maximum of 60 kg in the 10th year of life. The fruits hold well on the stalks and do not fall off, which facilitates harvesting. The variety's transportability is average; in wet weather, berries may crack before harvesting.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Among the advantages of the variety over competitors are:
- high frost resistance and resistance to temperature extremes;
- early maturity;
- large fruits ripen in a short summer;
- wonderful dessert flavor;
- ripened fruits do not crumble.
- The disadvantages of the variety are:
- irregular fruiting;
- the possibility of freezing of flower buds;
- harvesting is difficult due to the high height of the tree.
Optimal conditions for growing
Apricot - a native of the south, he needs maximum illumination and protection from the north winds. The best place to plant would be hills, hills or hillocks on the south side of buildings or on the southern slopes. The variety prefers loose, loamy soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. The desired level of groundwater occurrence is 1.5–2 m. At a higher level, artificial mounds are created for planting trees, and a drainage layer of small stones is poured into the holes.
Video: Apricot Planting Instructions
Seedlings of the Triumph of the North are best purchased in a nursery, since growing from a seed is too troublesome and a long process. In cold regions, planting should be carried out in April, before the sap flow begins. In the southern regions, autumn landing is allowed.
Important! The root neck should always be open and dry, it cannot be closed when loosening, mulching or stagnating around the trunk when snow melts or after heavy rains.
A mound of 30–50 cm high and a diameter of 1.5–2 m is poured on the selected site from a mixture of sod land, compost, humus and sand in equal parts. Peat and dung are not added. The surface of the knoll is tamped and a hole is made in the center with a diameter of 60–70 cm and a depth of 50–70 cm. A hole is shed with 1-2 buckets of water, a seedling is placed in the center and the roots are straightened. Watering periodically, they fall asleep with their soil mixture. The apricot root neck should be above ground level.
Features of tree care
Further care is especially important for apricot in the first years of life. The quality development and the life of the tree itself depends on the full range of measures in full.
Read more about the features of planting apricot and care for it.
Watering and fertilizer
Watering seedlings is carried out weekly until mid-summer to ensure the growth of the crown. Young trees need 2-3 buckets of water, adults - up to 5 buckets for each meter of the trunk circle . Water is poured gently, without eroding the surface of the soil and preventing stagnation. Closer to autumn, watering is stopped so that the apricot has time to prepare for a state of dormancy.
Seedlings of the Triumph of the North need 3 top dressings per season . On poor soils they are carried out annually. In the spring, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to build green mass of 30–40 g per square meter. Potash top dressing is important during budding and flowering, in the autumn, to prepare for wintering, a potassium-phosphorus mixture of 40-60 g is added. Mineral substances are embedded in the soil in the near-stem circle or dissolved in water used for irrigation. Organic fertilizers are fed on average once every three years.
The condition of the soil affects the development of the root system that nourishes the tree. It must be ensured that it does not dry out and is not flooded with water. To improve air access to the roots, loosening is carried out to a depth of 5-7 cm, not more so as not to damage the surface roots. Weeds promptly weed.
Video: Planting and caring for apricot
Apricot pruning is carried out in the spring after the end of the frost. The triumph of the north needs the formation of a crown with limited growth in height to facilitate harvesting . In the first year, the main shoot is cut by a quarter of the length, in subsequent years the skeletal branches are shortened, shoots growing inside the crown, as well as weak and curved, are removed.
We recommend reading how to prune old apricots correctly.
At a time, no more than a quarter of the branches of the total are removed so as not to weaken the tree. All places of cuts are treated with garden varus to prevent infections from entering the wounds.
Before the onset of cold weather, the fallen leaves, weeds and the remnants of the fruit are carefully cleaned in the garden. The trunks and skeletal branches of the trees are bleached in several layers with lime to a height of 1.5–2 m. To protect against rodents and frost, young apricots are covered whole, constructing frames and covering them with agrofibre or other material. In shelters, it is necessary to provide air exchange by creating ventilation holes. Adult trees are wrapped with spruce branches and tied with string.
Important! The use of roofing material or plastic film for sheltering trunks is unacceptable.
Trunk circles are mulched with straw, sawdust or thin branches, retreating from the base of the trunk by 15–20 cm.
Harvesting and storage
In the stage of technical ripeness, berries intended for transportation and storage are harvested. In dry weather, in the morning or evening, the fruits are removed from the branches manually, discarding damaged ones, and placed in a wooden or plastic container, covered with paper. In a room with a temperature of up to + 10 ° С and humidity of 50–70%, berries can be stored for up to 3 weeks. When the temperature drops to 0 ° C, the shelf life increases to 1–1.5 months.
We advise you to read why the apricot tree does not bear fruit.
After harvest, the fully ripened fruits are immediately put into processing. If necessary, they can be frozen, previously cleared of seeds. Frozen berries are stored for 6-8 months. Dried apricots, apricots or dried apricots can be stored for up to 2 years.
The triumph of the north, having justified its name, grows well and bears fruit in the unfavorable climate of the middle zone. The tree grows large and wide, it gives juicy large fruits with a bright rich dessert flavor. The variety is self-fertile and does not require additional pollinators, for which gardeners are especially appreciated. Easy to care apricot will be a worthy replenishment of the garden.
Network user reviews
The taste is good, the average fruit size is 40 grams. Diseases are practically not damaged, but before moniliosis, he, like the rest of the apricots, is powerless. Our sugar is gaining well. Of course, it does not compare in taste with good southern varieties, but for the Middle Strip it is very good. In comparison with other varieties growing with me, it is the best. Anona //forum.vinograd.info/showpost.php?p=976949&postcount=4