Why peppers turned purple: causes and methods of struggle
Some varieties of peppers tend to change color. In this case, there are a variety of shades: from pale green and yellow to orange and rich red, from deep green to brown and purple. Peppers of violet color look especially surprising and unusual: we will talk about the reason why fruits get this color, how to avoid this phenomenon and whether it is possible to eat a similar vegetable.
Why did the fruit of the pepper turn purple?
The answer to the question of why peppers turn purple can be two reasons: either in the process of growing irregularities were made in agricultural technology, or this is a feature of a particular variety.
Pepper Care Disorder
When the cause of the appearance of the violet color is an error in care, then the following factors can act as catalysts for the process:
- sudden sharp temperature difference at night - leaves and fruits become covered with purple spots due to frostbite;
- lack of phosphorus contributes to the darkening of the plant. The first signals of such a defect will be visible on the lower leaves, which will turn purple in the first place. Having discovered this in time, you will be able to respond in a timely manner by the application of phosphorus-containing fertilizers;
- violation of temperature and humidity.
This reason is explained by the fact that recently many plants have undergone the process of breeding new varieties, due to which the purple subspecies of the described culture have been bred. Due to the presence of a higher content of anthocyanins in the pulp of such fruits under the influence of solar radiation, they become violet when stained.
Did you know? Some canaries are fed cayenne pepper to give their feathers a more intense red color.
What to do so that pepper does not change color
The basic rules for caring for the crop, which will help preserve the color of the stem, leaves and fruits inherent in the plant, include: compliance with temperature, humidity, weeding and timely application of fertilizing. If peppers grow in a greenhouse, then at night, be sure to close the entrance and ventilation openings to maintain daytime heat inside the greenhouse and protect seedlings from nighttime temperature changes. If the growth process occurs in open ground, then you can not do anything with the temperature factor.
Important! Do not plant pepper seedlings earlier than the beginning of May in order to minimize the possibility of harmful effects of nighttime temperature drops on them.
Can I use such pepper?
The use of such pepper is not only possible, but also useful, given the fact that it contains all the useful macro- and micronutrients, nutritional minerals and vitamin complexes characteristic of ordinary pepper, but there is also an increased number of anthocyanins that are favorable for the human body.
Did you know? Colorimetry experts, together with doctors, in a series of studies and tests were able to prove that all shades of purple have a tonic effect on the brain and eyes, contribute to the production of hormones of joy (endorphins), melatonin.
Anthocyanins also benefit humans due to the fact that they are able to have a beneficial effect, namely:
- be antibacterial and antiviral;
- increase immunity;
- protect and regenerate blood cells;
- restore blood balance;
- strengthen the walls of the vascular system;
- improve the condition of the retina;
- lower the pressure inside the eyeball.
Find out what to do if the peppers do not blush.
The right approach, timely application of top dressing, regular watering and weeding can minimize possible negative manifestations in the modification of peppers. And purple varieties not only retain the full usefulness of ordinary pepper, but also surpass it due to the high percentage of anthocyanins.