When to cut roses for the winter - the basic rules
Roses - an original and beautiful decoration of any garden, flower garden, flower beds. Their bright, lush bloom pleases the eye almost all summer. However, in order to maintain abundant flowering for the next season, the plant should be pruned in the fall. What varieties need mandatory autumn pruning and how to properly carry out the procedure, let's figure it out.
Is it necessary to prune roses for the winter
The need for autumn pruning of roses will depend on the variety of the plant, as well as on the main objectives of the cultivation. Usually, the main task of pruning is considered to be the formation of a compact, small bush that would easily shelter for winter time. In addition, circumcision allows you to improve the culture, prepare it for the next flowering season, and increase its frost resistance.
- Carrying out autumn pruning has several advantages:
- young and strong processes begin to grow actively;
- the growth of the root system, and as a result, the entire bush, is activated;
- more young kidneys form on the culture;
- more valuable substances accumulate in the plant;
- after correctly trimming, the culture becomes less susceptible to infectious ailments.
Most varieties of roses lend themselves to autumn pruning, but there are those for which there is no need to carry out the procedure.
- bush or park;
- ground cover.
Did you know? The aroma of a garden or room rose is considered the strongest antidepressant. People who regularly inhale the pink scent are less stressed and depressed. Moreover, they become more calm and balanced.
When is the best time to do it?
Cutting roses in the fall should be during the onset of the first night frosts, that is, when the temperature drops below zero only at night. It should not be delayed with pruning until steady frost occurs, when the temperature readings are stably at minus day and night.
Important! It is recommended that adult plants and young seedlings planted in the spring be trimmed in autumn.
Preparation for the procedure
Immediately before taking measures for pruning roses, you should prepare special tools:
- sharpened garden pruner for pruning branches. A dull tool can damage the bark of a plant due to the formation of a ragged cut. Such sections do not heal well, and also become a source of infection;
- a hacksaw, which will be needed to remove old, rough branches;
- garden var, which is required for processing slices. It allows you to protect the resulting wound from the penetration of bacteria and infections.
Basic pruning rules
In order for the roses pruning activities to bring only a positive result, it is necessary to observe several simple rules during the procedure:
- circumcision is advised to conduct on a clear, calm, sunny day;
- All branches must be removed only with a sharp, well-sharpened tool. It is forbidden to break shoots, too thick and large branches are recommended to cut down with a hacksaw;
- the distance between the proposed section and the kidney should be at least 1 cm;
- the stem must be cut at an angle of 45 degrees so that water can drain on it. Thus, the cut points will be protected from infections;
- pruning of the shoots is necessary along the external kidney, which will make it possible to prevent the crossing of branches;
- stems should be cut to a white core;
- all cut branches, leaves, shoots need to be collected in one place and removed from the site, for example, burn;
- after the end of the procedure, it is recommended to cut all the slices, as well as completely treat the bush with a solution of copper sulfate.
During the pruning of branches, it is imperative to remove unripened shoots, since under cover they will begin to rot, which can provoke the death of the entire bush.
Video: Autumn pruning of roses
Winter pruning technology
The technology of pruning roses for the winter will depend on the variety of the plant, its branching and height. There are several methods for pruning branches, but most often, gardeners practice several of them.
The classic shoot removal method is suitable for those varieties of roses that are characterized by strong growth, as well as for young plants or old crops that need rejuvenation.
- on a rose bush you need to leave only healthy, strong branches up to 15 cm long;
- all dead and dried shoots should be trimmed to the base, while the cut should be light, not brown;
- thin stems, root shoots are also completely susceptible to removal.
Important! Classic pruning is not used for park, hybrid and ground cover crops.
In most cases, in the fall, for all varieties of roses, sanitary pruning is performed, which consists of:
- in the removal of all green, not fully formed shoots. This is done so that they do not begin to rot in the winter under shelter and thereby do not destroy the entire bush;
- in circumcision of all broken, sick, dried, damaged branches;
- in cutting out all the old, woody shoots, while all remaining branches should be shortened to a white healthy tissue.
Circumcision of climbing and ground cover bushes
Since roses of the climbing and ground cover varieties are particularly sensitive to pruning, a similar procedure should be carried out extremely carefully, almost imperceptibly.
For ground cover, only sanitary removal of shoots is allowed, during which rotted, dried, old, diseased processes are cut off, which are useless for the plant.
Did you know? Japanese breeders have bred one of the most beautiful rose varieties in the world with unusual colors. In the daytime, the petals delight with bright red reflections, and in the evening they take on a dazzling snow-white color.
Caring for roses after pruning
Pruning is not the only autumn event that must be carried out before the wintering of roses. In order for the bush to please with lush flowering and excellent health in spring, it is necessary to provide the plant with quality care:
- as mentioned above, it is imperative that all remote branches, shoots and leaves be collected and destroyed, for example, burned. Such an action will prevent the spread of ailments and parasites. The soil around the bush should be as clean as possible;
- Before covering the plant, it is recommended to spray its branches with a 3% solution of iron sulfate, which will completely destroy all possible pests or fungal infections;
- all formed sections should be treated with garden varieties or special store tools, for example, RanNet paste;
- Before sheltering, all leaves on the bush should be torn off with hands, because, left for the winter, they will begin to churn and rot, which can provoke decay of the whole culture.
Useful tips for preparing roses for the winter
Mandatory autumn arrangements for preparing roses for the winter season also include:
- Fertilizer application. Experts recommend feeding each bush using means based on phosphorus and potassium, which contribute to the formation and better ripening of new shoots.
- Pinching of shoots and buds that have bloomed. Back in late September, it is necessary to carry out the removal of faded buds and to pinch the young shoots.
- Hilling bushes. In early autumn, it is recommended to carry out the hilling of the culture, which will protect the plant in severe frosts. Hilling is carried out to a height of 7-10 cm, and peat or compost is used as the material.
- Shelter. The final stage of preparing roses for wintering is their shelter. To do this, you need to build a frame using improvised materials: wooden bars, steel bars. From above, the frame needs to be covered with waterproof material, while leaving special ventilation openings so that the plant can "breathe". The entire structure should be wrapped with synthetic rope for strength.