When and how to run a cow before calving
Before calving, the cow should gain strength, ensure that the body has a supply of vitamins and minerals, which contributes to the birth of a healthy calf. To do this, you must perform the correct launch of the animal. Knowledge of the features of this process guarantees high-quality lactation in the following period: we will talk more about them in the article.
What is a cow launch and why is it needed before calving
The targeted milking termination process is called launch. It is limited by clear timelines. After the start, a two-month period of dead time before calving begins. The name of the period comes from limiting the intake of fluids and succulent feed in the diet at this time.
Did you know? The record for lifelong milk production was 216, 891 kg. The indicator recorded by the Guinness Book of Records in February 2012. The record holder is a cow of the Holstein breed Smurf from Canada.
When to start
The launch lasts for a week. If lactation has not stopped, then the cow needs to be helped with medication. You need to start the process 2 months (65–70 days) before calving. The minimum start date for the process is 40 days before calving. Maximum - 3 months before it. This period is suitable for heifers.
What is the danger of untimely start of cows
The main danger of an untimely procedure is that the calf may be born with developmental disabilities and in the subsequent lactation period the cow will produce less milk. It is believed that the loss of milk yield can be up to 40%.
Did you know? A cow does not bite off the grass. She simply twists her tongue with a tube around a bundle of grass, as you would with your hand, and then sends it further into the esophagus.
To stop milk production, you must:
- limit the amount of fluid consumed;
- reduce grazing time;
- reduce the amount of succulent feed;
- reduce the number of milks during the week.
Gradual start-up is acceptable for all medium-fed cows. During the week, the flow of fluid into the body decreases, and at the same time, the production of milk. The udder is reduced in size. If milk production has fallen by 50% by the end of the week, milking is stopped and a dry period begins for the cows. If this does not happen, then over the next week the scheme is repeated. This happens with cows with milk over 15 liters. The signs of the end of lactation are the same: a decrease in milk production, a decrease in the size of the udder.
Find out which cow’s discharge before and after calving can indicate serious illness.
If lactation does not stop after 2 weeks, then it is stopped forcibly. Preparations for forced start-up belong to the group of antibacterial and homeopathic remedies.
Important! The use of medications to stop lactation makes milk unsuitable for consumption within 48 hours. Milk just needs to be poured. The main drugs:
- Orbenin EDC;
- "Nafpenzal DC".
Homeopathic "Mastometrine" is also intended for the treatment and prevention of inflammatory processes. Dosage - 5 ml. Intramuscularly administered.
After applying the drug, milking is stopped. Puffiness after administering the drug goes away after a few days, and the cow is transferred to a dry diet.
Proper care and diet
During this period, the animal should be in a dry, warm stall. If the process takes place in the summer, then the grazing of the cow is temporarily stopped or reduced to 2 hours per day. The udder is washed regularly. It is important not to miss the moment if the animal begins mastitis, and start treatment on time.
Important! Mastitis is detected by palpation when massaging the udder before milking. Its signs: udder swelling, redness, pain, hardening, abnormalities in milk. Juicy foods are excluded from the diet, replacing them with poor hay. He is called poor due to depletion of nutrients. Such hay is harvested after flowering and fruiting of herbs in the second half of summer.
You will probably find it useful to know when you can drink milk after calving.
Timely launch of the cow reduces the risk of abnormal development of the calf and guarantees high-quality lactation after calving. The launch method depends on the milk yield of the animal and is chosen by the farmer, but whatever it is, it must be carried out.