What are wasps for?
All have repeatedly dismissed wasps, to which there is a biased attitude. These aggressors are associated with negative and useless creatures. And is it really so, is considered in this article.
Wasps in nature
They have different sizes and subspecies, they can be useful, and not just sting, eat grapes and attack hives . To feed the larvae, they need protein, which is found in honey, beer, kvass, meat, ripe fruits and insects available to them. Did you know? For all its formidable form and fast flight, wasps have an enemy in the world of insects. This is a dragonfly that flies much faster and is not averse to feasting on these aggressors.
Do wasps pollinate plants
The wasp has no hairiness, and its structure does not involve the collection of pollen. Therefore, in the process of pollination of plants, it does not participate. Even if you notice it on the flowers, then it only collects food, not pollinates. Mature individuals feed on flower nectar, fruit protein and the blood of insects - spiders, flies, midges, beetle larvae, etc.
Borrowing color by other insects
Some insects in nature mimicked under the color of wasps in order to protect themselves from birds. Knowing the aggressive behavior of the wasp, many birds bypass completely safe flies that have a similar striped color.
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The most famous imitators are as follows:
- the fly-fly, which got its name for the characteristic sound made by the wings. It is absolutely harmless and can well pollinate umbrella plants - dill, parsley, carrots;
- glass-butterfly - refers to garden pests. She is able to lay eggs in the bark near the kidneys, which spoils the stems and branches. Young plants slow down their growth or even die. Butterflies are distinguished by bright colors with imitation of “wasp” colors;
- predator bug - not only imitates the appearance of road wasps, but also behavior. He attacks the victim with his proboscis, immobilizes it with poison and sucks blood;
- beetle plagionotus is a harmless mimicrant, it is dotted with yellow dots and stripes. This species feeds on nectar of flowers and colors mislead birds and predatory insects.
Wasp and man
Given their aggression, a person from early childhood becomes intolerant of these hymenopterans, since everyone undergoes bites almost every year. Summer residents and gardeners, resting and working in the fresh air, often encounter this insect.
Wasps in some cases can not only cause harm, but also act to benefit the person. In folk medicine, there was an application for abandoned hornet's nests, which are completely sterile inside. An alcoholic infusion of them perfectly treats joint and bone diseases, a decoction of powder has a beneficial effect on the stool and the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Also, a powder or infusion is used to take baths, which improve muscle tone and give lightness to the body.
Important! Before removing the socket, make sure that it is already abandoned. Otherwise, you will have to quickly retire from its furious inhabitants. In the poison of the Brazilian insect species, unique compounds have been found that can kill cancer cells. So far, these studies are at the stage of scientific experiments, but scientists are optimistic and plan to create a cure for a terrible disease.
Danger to humans
City wasps, being a constant companion of a person, can bring him a mortal threat. Representatives of this species are able to attack not only individually, but when threatened by a nest and several dozen.
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Their bites are extremely painful and cause severe allergies. Why they are so aggressive in ordinary everyday situations is difficult to understand.
In summer and autumn, you must be extremely careful, as these insects are everywhere. It is especially worth monitoring children - their reaction to a bite can be extremely acute. You can accidentally take an insect with grape, a piece of watermelon in your mouth, from a glass with a drink.
Important! With a wasp sting, a person may experience laryngeal edema. Without qualified medical help, death is possible. After a bite, a person has the following complications:
- hypertension or hypotension;
- temperature rise;
- dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea;
- loss of orientation in space;
- laryngeal edema;
- fatal outcome.
What attracts wasps to humans
The economic activity of a person in a summer cottage is invariably accompanied by the presence of wasps, as these insects would not mind eating honey in an apiary or taking a bee to feed its larvae. They will also be happy to suck the juice from sweet grapes, eat the pulp of fruits, meat and enjoy the nectar of honey plants.
Aggression can even cause brushing away from this ruthlessly stinging aggressor or simply the presence of a person in the immediate vicinity of the nest . Therefore, do not actively wave your hands or objects in an attempt to drive away this annoying hymenoptera. It’s better to just stay calm and unperturbed - it will circle and retire.
Did you know? An allergy from bites can occur suddenly, even if a person has been repeatedly bitten by these insects and everything went fine. At some point, a bite can cause severe symptoms and complications, so doctors recommend that you take an antihistamine with you during the hot season.
Each insect has its own role in nature, being food for others, a pest or beneficial. Wasps can be called regulators of the insect world. Scientists believe that if there weren’t such a variety of these buzzing and biting “striped flies”, humanity would not be able to cope with the invasion of insects, which they successfully destroy.