Tomato "Wild Rose": description and characteristics of the variety, cultivation and care
Many people think that growing tomatoes in greenhouse conditions is much easier than outdoors, but the latter, thanks to direct contact with the sun, have an unforgettable taste and aroma. We bring to your attention the popular tomato variety Wild Rose, which is equally good when grown in any conditions, while the taste and size of its fruits will pleasantly surprise you.
Characterization and description of the variety
A tomato variety called Wild Rose was bred in the 90s of the last century by breeders of the Transnistrian Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences and specialists from the Moscow agricultural firm Aelita. After that, already in 1999, it was entered in the state register.
Thanks to the work of professionals, the variety is endowed with the following indicators:
- the tomato belongs to early ripening varieties, the fruits can be harvested 90 days after planting;
- bushes belong to the indeterminate type, the height reaches more than 170 cm;
- due to the weakness of the branches and the size of the fruit, it needs a garter;
- large leaves with carved edges, green tint;
- the shape of the fruit is flat-round, they are quite large - the average weight is about 300 g;
- ripe tomatoes are pink;
- the skin is dense, not prone to cracking;
- the pulp is juicy, sweet with a slight acidity and pronounced aroma;
- fruits easily carry transportation over long distances, do not deteriorate during long-term storage;
- tomatoes are resistant to fungal diseases;
- the yield of the variety is small - up to 3.5 kg from 1 bush;
- consumed fresh and for making juice.
Advantages and disadvantages
Like other varieties, Wild Rose has positive and negative sides, consider them.
- early maturity;
- beautiful large-sized fruits;
- excellent taste;
- heat resistance;
- not affected by the tobacco mosaic virus;
- ability to grow on too salted land without lowering yields.
- need a lot of space for life;
- Needs laborious care
- low yield.
Features of growing tomatoes
Consider how to grow wild rose tomatoes yourself, and what features you need to know.
For full growth and good harvest, seedlings should be grown under the following conditions:
- temperature - above + 24 ... + 25 ° С;
- lighting - the maximum possible;
- air humidity - 50%.
To indeterminate varieties of tomatoes also belong such as:
Preparation and sowing technology
For planting, light and fertile soil is used, which should consist of a mixture of turf land with humus. Before sowing seeds, the earth is calcined and irrigated with a 2% potassium permanganate solution.
Since the Wild Rose variety is grown using seedlings, seed preparation significantly affects the future crop. This includes their disinfection by soaking in a 5% potassium permanganate solution for about 12 hours. And the subsequent immersion in a growth stimulator, which will increase the chance of germination after planting seeds.
So that the seeds sprout faster, they are first germinated. They are kept in moistened material for a couple of days, at which time it is important that the ambient temperature is within + 25 ° C. To increase the percentage of germination, the seeds are sorted, later placed in a 1.5% saline solution. For landing take only those that have settled to the bottom. Before being placed in the ground, they are thoroughly washed.
Sowing seeds is carried out in March. For sowing, make small grooves, an approximate depth of 1 cm in light and fertile soil. Spread the seeds and a little fall asleep with dry peat. Spend a little moisturizing and cover the container with a film to create a greenhouse effect.
After emergence, the polyethylene is removed, and the seedlings are exposed in a bright place. Dive into individual pots is carried out only after the appearance of a full pair of leaves. At this time, it is possible to fertilize with an aqueous solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
Did you know? Due to the high content of “hormone of happiness” in the fruits of serotonin, tomatoes can raise the mood no worse than chocolate.
Dates and technology of planting seedlings
Transplanting seedlings into open ground or a greenhouse is carried out in mid-May, but it is important to take into account that the soil is well warmed up. In the ground, holes are made in rows or staggered. It is important that the planting pattern of 50 × 60 cm is respected. The distance may be greater, since tomatoes of this variety require a large number of trace elements, as well as good ventilation and lighting.
A few days before the proposed planting seedlings, it is recommended to conduct good watering of the land in which the seedlings are located. This is done so that the earth more tightly grasped the roots and during the transplantation did not fall off and did not expose them. A small amount of ash or a suitable mineral fertilizer is added to each well. Then the seedlings are lowered and the roots sprinkled on top of the soil. Important! The first 7 days the seedlings are not watered, as at this time there is adaptation to new conditions and the roots do not absorb moisture, which can lead to their decay. At this time, it is recommended to tie up the tomatoes in a convenient way. To improve air exchange, lower leaves are removed, among other things, this is a good prevention of the emergence of many problems with seedlings.
How to care for a variety of tomatoes
Care for the variety Wild Rose is no different from others. Let's consider each moment in more detail.
Top dressing and watering
Fertilization should be moderate. The best results can be obtained from top dressing, which is carried out every month, for this use the tool "Humat-super." The solution is prepared on the basis of 1 g of water 20 g of the drug. It is important that the water is warm enough around + 30 ° C. Fertilize at the rate of 5 liters per 1 m².
The Wild Rose variety is quite demanding on watering. Drip irrigation is ideal, but simple watering is also allowed. Young bushes are watered 1 time per week with 1 liter of water for each bush. To adult plants in hot and dry weather, water should flow daily. On cloudy days every 3 days.
Read more about how to properly water tomatoes in a greenhouse and in the open ground.
Step-planting and bush formation
To get the crop as early as possible, it is recommended to carry out the formation of a bush in one stem. It is important to systematically remove all stepsons. Only in this case, you can get a full crop of large fruits.
Soil cultivation and weeding
It is important after each watering to loosen the ground so that moisture evaporates less. This process can be minimized by laying mulch between the rows. Weeding from weeds should be carried out regularly so that they do not take water and nutrients from the ground.
Pests and diseases
Farmers who have known this variety for a long time note its resistance to fungal and viral diseases.
However, in order to avoid this, it is recommended that the following preventive measures be taken:
- The spider mite is removed with insecticides. However, they can be used before the formation of the buds.
- Slugs do not appear with regular mulching with peat or straw, as well as loosening the soil.
- Other insects are removed with a soapy solution and a mixture of water with the addition of ammonia.
- Each year, the top layer of the earth is replaced with mandatory disinfection with a solution of potassium permanganate new soil.
- Remove the bottom leaves.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Harvesting is carried out as the fruit ripens. If you had to remove them from the bushes ahead of time, do not be sad, as they easily ripen at home at the same time, without losing their qualities. Among other things, tomatoes normally tolerate transportation. The only negative is that they cannot be stored for a long time, since after a while the fruits dry out and deteriorate.
Also learn how to store tomatoes at home.
As can be seen from the above, the care and cultivation of wild rose tomatoes is a simple task. With knowledge of some features, this process will bring only joy and pleasure from eating tasty fruits.