Tason grape variety
Muscat table grape variety Tason with high early maturity and sufficient cold hardiness attracts the attention of not only summer residents, but also farmers. Its delicious and sweet fruits are suitable for use in food and for making juice or wine. Let us consider in detail the characteristics of this variety, its pros and cons, as well as the rules for caring for it.
Variety Origin History
Tason is a hybrid of two well-established varieties - Italy and Zoreva. Muscat notes in taste were received from Italy, and record early maturity - from Zorevoy. Such a high-quality look was developed by an artificial method at the All-Russian Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking. Ya. I. Potapenko in the Rostov region. The variety, originally created for the south of Russia and Ukraine, showed excellent results in the colder climate of Moscow and Leningrad regions.
Did you know? Grapes have long been revered by people. Confirmation of this is the ancient ancient Greek and Roman coins, which depicts a vine or bunch.
Description of Tason Grapes
The main quality indicator of the variety is its early ripeness - the berries ripen in mid-July. The bush, hung with clusters, has a magnificent view.
High-growing bushes are able to quickly develop and fill large areas with the vine. Large dark green leaves have significant dissections. Flowers of this variety are bisexual and can be pollinated independently. Fruit ripening occurs along the entire length of the vine.
Tason's clusters are very large, mixed in shape - the cylindrical top passes into a conical ending. A large number of berries is formed on them - the mass of one bunch can reach 1.2 kg. Ripe berries are painted in white and pink tones. Coloring depends on the play of the sun and shadow - in the sun, grapes can acquire a so-called tan, and remain pale in the shade.
With early ripening, Tason shows good fruit-bearing shoots on the bush - up to 55%. Sugar content (up to 21%) and acidity (up to 6%) also speak in favor of the variety. This grape is not prone to peeling (setting small berries) and resists cold well.
Tason has been attracting visitors to the markets since mid-summer, when other types of grapes have only blossomed and knit fruits. Appearance, taste and the absence of competitors make it desirable in this period among buyers. From this variety is obtained a good nutmeg wine or diet juice.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Tason variety
Like any other grape variety, Tason has some advantages and disadvantages. For example, not all growers like its precocity - they believe that a quality berry should ripen longer. The consumer, on the contrary, is happy about the precocious variety.
- Among the advantages, the following can be distinguished:
- early ripening;
- attractive appearance of a ripe bunch;
- resistance to transportation;
- excellent tastes of fruits;
- the formation of clusters along the entire length of the vine;
- good moisture resistance;
- long stay on the bushes after maturation;
- frost resistance.
There are also disadvantages - the plant has low resistance to fungi, and its berries are very fond of insects and birds.
Important! To prevent wasps from enjoying the Tason berries, ripened clusters can be hidden from them in special bags made of fine-meshed tissue.
Features planting varieties Tason
Given the early maturity, this grape manages to ripen not only in the southern regions, where it grows well in any conditions. When grown in temperate regions, seedlings need to be planted on the south or southeast side of buildings. This is done so that the plant receives the maximum amount of sunlight.
Make sure that other plants do not obscure the vine. To get beautiful “tanned” berries, you need maximum access to the sun.
Caring for this grape variety is not difficult - it is a fairly unpretentious plant. Proper pruning, top dressing and protection against parasites will ensure a good harvest.
Cropping and shaping
Pruning is necessary to form the correct bush without extra shoots. Grapes tend to “grab” their shoots for everything that is within its reach. In addition, new shoots take away from the plant a lot of forces that it could spend on the formation of fruits.
To reduce the load on the root system, all new processes are removed. On the vine should remain 10 eyes, and on the bush - up to 40 shoots. The bush is shaped like a fan or stamped. Autumn pruning is to remove thickening shoots and unripened vines.
The procedure is carried out at sunset, so that the rays are not burned through the dripping drops of the leaves of the plant. Watering is done in the groove under the stems with warm water that has settled in the tank or warmed up in the pipes for a day.
Watering is carried out 4 times during the season:
- after flowering;
- with ripening fruits;
- after removing the bunches;
- before the frost.
Important! Stagnant water near the base of the plant stem is unacceptable - this can lead to rotting of the roots even in the July heat.
Fertilizer and top dressing of grapes
Any plant responds well to top dressing, and Tason is no exception.
- after flowering - manure, bird droppings;
- before ripening grapes - bird droppings, slurry;
- in the fall - potash fertilizers.
Pest and Disease Control
Oddly enough, the main pests of Tason are not insects. At the height of summer, many birds are not averse to feasting on the delicious sweet berries of this early variety. So that they do not harm the crop, a tight mesh with small cells is installed around the plantings. It is possible to install a soft plastic net, but this can lead to entanglement and death of birds.
Learn why spray grapes with baking soda.
The following by harm are other lovers of sweets - wasps. They are struggling with the installation of special traps for insects or the search and destruction of their nests. As mentioned above, you can also use a routine and time-consuming method - to place clusters in personal bags of fabric.
The small aphid of the phylloxera is also capable of causing significant harm, affecting not only the foliage and the vine, but also the roots. To combat these parasites, carbon disulfide is used in small concentrations (80 cm³ per 1 m²). Large concentrations help with serious lesions, but they can also destroy the bush itself.
We recommend finding out why the grapes rot and how to save the plant.
Preparing the vine for winter
Before the first frosts, the plant must be prepared for the cold season. The vine is watered with warm water, treated with copper preparations, carefully placed in the prepared shallow trenches (10–20 cm), fixed with brackets, covered with agrofibre and sprinkled with a layer of earth. In this state, it will be until spring.
Harvesting, storage and use of crops
You can start collecting Tason in July, tearing down ripened clusters. With a large harvest, you can skip those that are still not ripe a little - they hang on the vine until the fall and will not lose their qualities.
Harvest can be stored in the following ways:
- in a dry basement in bulk - 1 month;
- in the refrigerator - 1 month;
- suspended by individual clusters in a dark cool place - 2-3 months.
Did you know? Mankind began to cultivate grapes in the VI millennium BC. e. - This is one of the first cultivated plants grown by man. To date, more than 8 thousand varieties of this plant are registered.
This grape is most often used as fresh food - its taste qualities suggest just such a use. With a large harvest, you can process the excess into juice, wine, raisins, compote - Tason in any form is very tasty.
I am absolutely amazed at the ability of this variety to long-term preservation in the bushes. Ripened on August 5 and now September 12 is hanging in a gauze bag. The taste became only brighter than nutmeg. The berry is absolutely pink, as dense and juicy, I don’t notice any sluggishness, as happened with Krasa Nikopol today (but I did not try such sugar as in KN, a month after ripening, in a single table grade). Evgeny Anatolyevich //forum.vinograd.info/showpost.php?p=29512&postcount=1