Sweet pepper variety Gift of Moldova: description, cultivation agricultural technique
Pepper Gift of Moldova has long been known to fans of this type of plant, not only for its taste, but also for its ease of cultivation. It has a lot of advantages and almost no disadvantages. If you have not grown it before, today you can get acquainted with how to do it.
Selection and description of the variety
For the development of the Gift of Moldova variety, the White Capia variety and the Line 115/60 hybrid were used. They were baptized at the Moldavian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture and Vegetable Production and in 1973 they were entered in the State Register.
Did you know? The fruit of pepper is a berry.
What does a variety look like:
- On average, the bush grows to 45 cm, in girth - approximately 40 cm.
- The shoot is strong, not brittle.
- Strong branched roots.
- The leaves are light green in color, simple, single, grow on petioles, not numerous.
- The internodes are short.
- The flowers are large, grow one at a time in the axils of the leaves, the petals are white.
- Fruits in hanging conical hollow boxes of bright red color, weighing about 100 g and each up to 12 cm long. Maturity occurs at the stage of light green color.
- From 1 bush you can get up to 9 fruits, from 1 m² - up to 8 kg. The pulp is moist, not very thick, crunchy, sweet, fragrant, about 0.5 cm thick, in the middle a large number of flat round seeds.
- The fruits ripen about 10 days after planting seedlings in an open area.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Grade Advantages:
- does not require tying;
- early ripening;
- suitable for breeding in various climatic conditions, except subarctic;
- responds well to transportation;
- suitable for storage;
- universal purpose;
- practically not sick;
- can be planted in a small area;
- minimal care required;
- large crop;
- beautiful shape, good presentation.
- The disadvantages of the variety:
- thin walls of peppers;
- with improper care bitter.
How to grow seedlings on your own
To properly grow seedlings, you must:
- observe the timing of sowing;
- choose the right soil and capacity;
- choose and prepare seeds correctly;
- comply with the requirements for sowing;
- Do not forget to care.
If it is planned to cultivate the plant in a greenhouse, sowing is carried out in late February, if in an open area - in early March.
Important! When determining the optimal sowing period, they are guided by the fact that seedlings need to be planted at a constant place 90–100 days after sowing.
Soil and capacity for growing
In specialized stores you can buy solanaceous soil, if you want to cook it yourself, then you will need:
- humus (2 parts);
- coarse sand (1 part);
- universal soil for seedlings (1 part);
- wood ash or chalk (1 handful per 2 liters of land).
- lightness and friability;
- air and moisture permeability;
- rich mineral composition.
- frozen in the freezer;
- fry in the oven (before moisturizing);
- kept in the microwave at high power;
- pour boiling water;
- hold over steam.
It is also necessary to sterilize the container in which you plan to grow seedlings. For this purpose, you can use:
- wooden boxes;
- plastic cassettes, trays, pots;
- individual cups made of peat, plastic or cardboard;
- peat tablets;
- home-made containers (milk bags, plastic bottles, egg shells, etc.).
Seed selection and preparation
Moldovan Gift seeds are sold in the store, you can also collect them yourself. When buying them in a store, pay attention to the packaging, it should contain the following information:
- details of the manufacturer (name, address, telephone number);
- batch number;
- shelf life;
- name of the variety;
- the amount of seed;
- need for additional processing;
- Description and characteristics of the variety.
Seeds should be in the ground 1.5–2 cm below the surface. If you are planting in a common container, follow this scheme:
- not less than 4 cm between rows;
- about 5 cm between the wells.
Did you know? Pepper can replace chocolate - it also stimulates the production of the hormone of happiness, but does not lead to weight gain.
To obtain seedlings, the following conditions are needed:
- The place is without drafts, dark before emergence, light after germination, warm.
- Temperature - +25 ... + 28 ° С - after sowing, + 20 ° С - 2-3 days after germination, +22 ... + 25 ° С - further.
- Lighting - not required before the seeds have sprouted, good and uniform after is required. However, direct sunlight should not be allowed.
- Watering - the seeds are planted in moist soil and plucked with polyethylene. When airing, check the soil moisture level. After 4 days, lightly sprinkle the soil. 5 days after germination, you can water it, then water it when the soil dries up about 1 time per week. The soil should not dry out, but the water should not stagnate. Watered with settled water at a temperature of +25 ... + 28 ° C.
- Top dressing - seedlings need it after a dive, and then after another 2 weeks. If you notice weak growth, you can pour a solution of humate, urea, tea, sprinkle with wood ash. To strengthen the roots, a solution of superphosphate or nitrophosphate is suitable.
- Dive - carried out after the appearance of 2 sheets. 2-3 hours before this, the soil is watered. The prepared soil is laid out in prepared containers, watered with a heated weak solution of potassium permanganate, dig holes in which the roots will fit. In this case, the stems do not immerse more than 5 mm. After transplanting, the soil is lightly pressed down and watered.
- Hardening - when the temperature in the street reaches + 15 ° С, there will be 8 leaves on the plants, and there will be a month before planting in the garden, seedlings begin to be hardened, that is, taken out to the street. Start from 20-30 minutes and gradually adjust the time to a whole day. Closer to the landing, you can leave it at night.
How and when to plant seedlings in a permanent place
In order not to ruin the seedlings, follow the rules for planting it in an open area:
- select a time;
- prepare the place;
- stick to the scheme.
Check out other varieties of medium early sweet pepper:
On the site Gift of Moldova they land May 10–20 in a warm climate or in the cool of the first half of June. During this period, the air temperature is kept at +18 ... + 19 ° С, the earth warms up, there are no frosts on the ground. At this stage, the seedlings should be about 3 months, and its height reaches 18 cm.
The following requirements apply to the place for boarding the Gift of Moldova:
- good lighting;
- lack of drafts;
- protection from the north wind in the form of a wall or tall plants;
- lack of lowlands;
- lack of groundwater;
- lack of solanaceous, other varieties of sweet or bitter pepper in the neighborhood;
- neutral soil composition, lightness and fertility;
- the presence of precursors in the form of legumes, onions, cabbage, radishes, zucchini, carrots;
- lack of predecessors in the form of solanaceous.
Important! If pepper has already grown on the site, the next time it can be planted in this place no earlier than after 3 years.
Before winter, the beds are dug up and fertilized with humus, compost, superphosphate, wood ash. In the spring they are dug again, add potash, nitrogen, phosphate fertilizers.
Scheme and landing depth
When planting seedlings, observe the following scheme:
- depth of holes - to cotyledon leaves;
- spacing between rows - 40 cm;
- the interval between plants is 50 cm.
How to care in the open ground
Outdoor Gift Care for Moldova includes:
- soil condition monitoring;
Water pepper before planting, as well as once every 3-4 days in the evening with warm, settled water. The frequency of watering is determined by the degree of drying of the topsoil. 2 weeks before it ripens, they stop watering, otherwise the taste of the fruits will deteriorate.
Find out how to properly and frequently water pepper.
You can water in the following ways:
- drip irrigation;
- into the furrows between the rows;
- into dug grooves-rings around the plants.
Soil care includes:
- Weeding - at least 4 times for the entire growing period.
- Loosening - after each irrigation to a depth of at least 5 cm.
- Mulching - helps to less often water and weed peppers. The soil around the bush is sprinkled with crushed peat or humus.
A gift from Moldova needs fertilizers:
- 2 weeks after planting - with a solution of urea, ammonium sulfate, manure, nettle, dandelion.
- 3 weeks after this - with a solution of superphosphate, potassium sulfate, wood ash or complex fertilizers without nitrogen.
- 3 weeks before the harvest ripens - like the second time.
Important! Do not forget to water the plants before top dressing.
Video: Pepper dressing to increase yield
This variety does not need to be tied. Thus, the inexperienced gardener will be able to grow the variety of pepper Gift of Moldova, since it is not difficult to take care of it. It is suitable for owners of small plots, as it takes up a little space, adapts well to various climatic conditions. You can preserve or store freshly grown peppers in a cool place.