Spirea Little Princess: the size of an adult bush, how to grow when to crop
Spirea is one of the most common plants in landscape design and garden decoration. She conquers gardeners with her unpretentiousness and graceful appearance of an adult bush. In order to grow it at home, you need to know some features of caring for her.
Spirea Little Princess
Japanese Spirea Little Princess (Spiraea japonica Little Princess) is an ornamental plant belonging to the Pink family. This bush is also called "Japanese", as it was brought from the land of the rising sun. During the flowering of the culture - it pleases the eye with pleasant delicate pink inflorescences that look royal in contrast with green foliage.
Did you know? In Russia, spirea rods were used as whips.
The following can be attributed to the biological description of the shrub:
- Japanese spirea is referred to perennial plants, in which the growth process takes quite a long time;
- the culture is small in size - only 60 cm, although it grows in diameter within 1.2 m;
- the bush usually blooms in early summer and lasts until September, but only in the third year of its growth;
- with proper care, the life expectancy of the plant is 25-30 years;
- in summer, the leaves of spirea have a bright green color, and in the fall - orange with a red tint.
Typically, the culture is used to decorate flower beds, ponds, as a border plant. It looks great in combination with conifers and other flowering plants.
Landing and care
As already mentioned, spirea is not a picky bush. But still there are features in its planting and subsequent care, which are worth knowing for both an amateur gardener and a professional gardener.
Important! A big mistake for beginning gardeners is that they do not want to wait for the spiraea to bloom for a long time - they treat it with various chemicals, which is very undesirable (the plant may not grow at all).
It is customary to start planting this shrub in April or, in extreme cases, in May. The site for him is usually selected sunny, but if this is not possible, then the spirea may well grow in shaded areas.
Soil preparation does not require any special efforts, since the usual loosening of the earth and its frequent moistening will be sufficient. It will also be great if you manage to fertilize the soil before planting with decayed leaves. This fertilizer is called “leafy soil” - it is often used in gardening.
Planting and fertilizer
To plant this variety of spirea, it is necessary to dig a hole in advance, about 2 days in advance, and leave it open. It must be 2-3 times larger so that the root system is not disturbed.
A cloudy or rainy day is the most favorable for planting this crop. This is because after tamping the ground with spirea, it must be watered as abundantly as possible. Finally, the soil, 25 cm in diameter from the center of the bush, is covered with mulch in the form of peat.
Watering and feeding
Immediately after planting, the spirea needs abundant watering, which continues until it grows. Already being an adult shrub, it only requires moistening the soil, but this does not apply to periods of drought.
It is advisable to engage in plant nutrition 1-2 times a year. The first time (the most important), usually after trimming, it will be enough to fertilize it with mineral additives. The second time the bush is fed with superphosphates, which usually happens after the plant blooms.
Important! Despite the need for abundant watering - it is impossible to "fill" the plant.
When and how to crop
The plant is pruned in March – April so as not to damage the later emerging buds. To begin with, the bush gets rid of dried branches that are cut to the very root. The same procedure is carried out with new, young shoots. This is done so that they allow more powerful branches to useful elements. And now the beautiful, strong branches are shortened by 10-18 cm so that they do not touch the ground.
How to prepare for winter
Spirea is good because it has high frost resistance . For beginning gardeners who still do not quite know how to create shelters, this plant is an excellent choice. The only thing that can happen to him is the freezing of the shoots, which does not affect growth, because in the spring they are cut off. If, however, you still want to somehow care for the bush before winter, it will not be superfluous to make compost in the fall.
How to breed
Spiraea propagation is carried out using seeds, cuttings and division. Below is how to use each of them.
It is convenient when you need a large number of bushes at once. In August, it is necessary to observe when the seed boxes become brown, but do not open - then cut the fruits. In October, ripened seeds can already be sown at the planting site.
In the spring, processes should appear. Choose those that are similar in color to the original one and plant them already at the desired place, retreating about 10 cm from each other.
It is the most simple and common way. To obtain material for planting, it is necessary to divide the annual shoot into cuttings, on which several leaves will remain. Remove the lower leaf plates along with the petioles, then place the shoots for 9–11 hours in the growth solution. If all the procedures are performed correctly, the plant is ready for planting. Did you know? Spirea is mentioned in the famous epic "Sadko", where it is used to determine the lot.
This method is suitable for smaller plants, 3-4 years old. This is explained by the fact that the roots of a more adult culture are more difficult to launder from the ground. To start the division, you need to wash the roots from the ground, for this it is enough to put the plant for some time in the water.
Next, you should cut the bush so that each of the parts has several strong shoots. After these procedures, each resulting plant is ready for planting. Thus, each of the breeding methods is good in its own way.
Spirea Little Princess Landscaping
Japanese Spirea is a favorite culture for people actively involved in landscape design. This is due to the fact that it is not affected by cropping, allowing you to create various compositions. It is worth highlighting that spirea is not necessarily a solitary plant.
The shrub looks great on the site in combination with conifers and other garden flowers, grass plants. Knowing the features of growing and caring for this crop, it will not be difficult at all to decorate your garden with it. And you will admire such beauty on your site every day.