Rumba grape variety: description and photo

Among the existing grape varieties there are those that were bred through the efforts of scientists, breeders, and there are those that are received by amateur gardeners. The latter include Rumba grapes. We will talk about him in our article.

Variety breeding history

This variety was bred by Russian amateur breeder V.U. Droplet, which is engaged in the cultivation and cultivation of grapes for their own purposes and for sale. For this, the varieties Vostorg Red and Charrel were crossed.

Description of Rumba grapes

For those who first encounter Rumba grapes, it is remembered for the beautiful pink color of clusters and juiciness of berries. What is still remarkable in its appearance, we will tell further.

Did you know? In the old days, local residents of Afghanistan, in order to keep the bunch of grapes as fresh as possible, sealed it in conical vessels made of clay.


The variety ripens quickly, in just 93–103 days, that is, at the beginning of the last month of summer, you can already enjoy its fruits. Large, medium density, cylindrical-conical brushes, consisting of elongated berries, cover a strong, tall bush. Young vines of the bush in length can reach 6 m, which is why the plant becomes an excellent tool for the formation of a climbing fence. The leaves of the grapes are five-fingered, with prominent denticles, slightly rounded. The development and growth of the bush is fast, but the young plant begins to bear fruit only 2-3 years after planting.

Grade characteristics

You can learn all about this variety by carefully studying its characteristics:

  • strong film-like skin of the berry protects it from cracking, which helps to maintain the presentation of the bunch during transportation;
  • well takes root on stocks;
  • sugar accumulates rather quickly in berries;
  • the crop of the variety does not significantly change from year to year;
  • berries are not afraid of sunburn;
  • the plant is resistant to fungal diseases, oidium and mildew;
  • a ripened bunch of grapes can hang on a bush for a long time without losing their qualities;
  • tolerates a decrease in temperature to -24 ° C.

Check out these early grape varieties like Baikonur and Viking.

Grape application

Grade Rumba table, universal. Its neat clusters will look good on the table. A high concentration of sugar in the berries allows you to extract delicious juice from them and prepare strong, aromatic wines.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety in comparison with similar

  • The resulting plant stands out among similar ones:
  • differs in frost resistance;
  • has a high yield;
  • resistant to many common diseases;
  • keeps ripe brushes even on a bush;
  • well transported;
  • blooms with bisexual flowers.

  • The disadvantages of the variety include:
  • often in clusters you can see small berries (heterogeneity of the brush);
  • to get large berries, you need to remove part of the grapes on time;
  • the bushes need shelter for the winter.

Did you know? To make one bottle of wine you need 600 grapes.

Features of planting and growing grapes

The process of planting and growing is simple if some nuances are taken into account in a timely manner. We will talk about them further.

Well preparation

The grape has a very developed root system, and so that it lacks nutrients, it is necessary to prepare holes for seedlings at a distance of 3 m one from one. The hole is formed with a diameter of 1 m and a depth of 0.8 m. A layer of organic matter (humus, rotted manure) 0.2–0.3 m high is laid at its bottom. A peg-support for the bush is fixed in the center. Part of the earth dug from the hole (upper) is mixed with fertilizers that contribute to the active growth of seedlings.

Rules for planting grapes Rumba

Planting is done in spring or autumn at any time, but not in frozen ground.

Before the procedure, you need to carry out some manipulations with the young plant:

  1. Choose a shoot 15–20 cm long with 4–5 eyes.
  2. Soak the roots in a solution of a growth stimulator, and then prune them.
The seedling placed in the hole is sprinkled with soil, a little tamped and watered with 3 liters of water. After absorbing moisture, the earth is loosened and mulched (5 cm layer).

Grape planting scheme

Grape care

Rumba is undemanding to care, but still you need to be attentive to processes such as watering, top dressing, pruning.


Since the plant is hygrophilous, it is watered for almost the entire growing season. The flowering period requires special attention: before the buds appear, the bush is irrigated abundantly, after they are opened, moisture is not needed.

Important! If you water the plant during flowering, then the flowers will fall off, so you need to resume watering only after the formation of the ovary.

Top dressing

This variety does not require frequent top dressing. It is enough to apply organic fertilizers every 2-3 years in the form of humus or chicken droppings for each bush. After wintering, you can feed the bushes with mineral compounds in the form of nitrogen salts. Potash and phosphate fertilizers feed the grapes before shelter for the winter.

Mulching bushes

Mulching helps keep the soil moist longer. For mulching, you can use dry grass, sawdust, coniferous branches, organic paper.

Disease Prevention

Rumba variety was resistant to common grape diseases. But as a preventive measure, it will not hurt to treat it with fungicides, which include phosphorus. The procedure must be done before the buds open and after they wither.

Important! Since this grape can be attacked by wasps and birds, special bags can be put on bunches to protect the berries from pest attacks, but at the same time give them the opportunity to ripen.

Rumba grape pruning

The vines of Rumba grapes give a lot of side shoots, because of which the bush needs to be regularly formed so that the quality of the crop does not drop. Pruning is carried out on 2/3 of the vine and so that if it is young, then no more than 18–20 brushes can form on it, and if it is adult, up to 40. 30–35 eyes should remain on one bush.

Shelter before wintering

In regions with harsh winters, Rumba needs shelter. First, the vines are trimmed, then tied and gently laid on the ground. Under them, it is desirable to cover the soil with polyethylene. Over the vines put wire arches, on which the film is pulled. For ventilation, leave several holes.


The simplest and most common method of propagation of grapes - cuttings. They are harvested in the fall, and planting is carried out either immediately or in the spring. The survival rate of the cuttings is very high, and they do not need additional treatments. Cuttings are planted in boxes with garden soil, moistened and covered with plastic glasses. Until shoots appear, cuttings are kept in a dark place, regularly watering and aerating. After the greenhouse is dismantled, and young plants are only watered.

Video: Rumba grape variety

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