Rose "Flamenz": planting and care in the open ground
Among the unusually bright and abundantly flowering plants in our gardens, the wicker rose "Flamenz" takes not the last place. She was fond of domestic flower growers due to her stamina and lush flowering, as well as the ability to fill any empty space in the garden, decorating herself with arbors and arched vaults, or serving as a hedge.
Botanical description of the plant
The climbing rose of the Flamenz variety (rose flammentanze) was bred by breeders in Germany in the mid-20th century. The flowering bush of the described culture is an amazing picture, because it is distinguished by abundant, albeit short-lived flowering of fiery-bright flowers.
Did you know? Translated from German flammentanze - "dancing flame."
The described culture has the following characteristic features:
- plants are sprawling, vigorous, 2–5 m high;
- on powerful branchy shoots there are sharp large spikes sitting on wide bases;
- there is a powerful root system;
- deep green foliage with large, shiny, leathery plates;
- bright red, large, double flowers (8-10 cm) with the number of petals from 25 to 40 pieces; grow inflorescences from 5-7 buds, exude a delicate aroma;
- abundant flowering, 1 time per season (June-July); flowers bloom on last year's shoots; if you remove the faded buds in time, the bush may bloom repeatedly;
- after flowering, the bush is covered with large fruits, additionally giving it a decorative look;
- winter-hardy variety (can tolerate 30-degree frosts);
- the culture is resistant to damage by fungi and parasites.
Planting seedlings in open ground
The growth of the shrub and the formation of more buds on it directly depend on the time of planting the crop in open ground, on the choice of a suitable place in the garden, as well as on the composition of the soil from which the plant will receive nutrients.
Planting roses "Flamenz" can be made both in spring and in autumn.
Each season has its own nuances:
- Autumn planting is performed while it’s still warm (late September - early October), so that the root system of the culture has time to take root before severe frosts; in the spring such a plant will quickly enter active vegetation, and in early summer the bush will bloom lushly;
- when planting the Flamenant rose in spring (late April - early May), you need to wait for the established warm weather, in which the soil warms up to + 10 ... + 12 ° C; while the buds on the rose should not bloom yet.
When choosing a place suitable for planting, the following rules are followed:
- you need to find a zone on the site that is well lit by the sun for 5–7 hours a day (sufficient light has a good effect on the number and size of flowers) and is protected from the wind (the culture does not tolerate drafts);
- the soil for planting roses should be sandy loam, with the addition of humus (for good growth of plant stems);
- on the site, it is necessary to ensure the removal of excess moisture that accumulates during rains.
Video: propagation and care of the climbing rose
Step-by-step landing process
Before planting, the lilies and part of the roots are cut off from the seedlings of roses, leaving the cuttings 25-30 cm (the root sections are treated with ash, and the shoots are treated with garden varieties). Then the seedlings can withstand a couple of hours in water to accelerate survival.
The process of planting pink shrubs is as follows:
- The soil in the selected area is dug to the depth of the bayonet shovel.
- Break the holes (50 × 50 cm) at a distance of 1 m from each other, pour plenty of water and allow it to soak.
- At the bottom of each hole, a drainage layer of 25 cm is poured (pebbles or crushed brick).
- A substrate consisting of clay (5 kg) and manure (2.5 kg) is placed on top of the drainage, adding 2 tablets of phosphorobacterin (a preparation with bacterial spores that help plants absorb organophosphorus compounds) into the mixture.
- Place the cuttings in the pit, sprinkle with soil on top and ram.
- Planted bushes are watered, a layer of mulch (sawdust, peat) is poured under them, so that moisture persists longer.
Planted rose bushes should be properly looked after, including regular watering and timely top dressing. It is also very important to get rid of weeds in time, form bushes with the help of pruning and tie their whips to the supports. If you ensure a variety of “Flaments” timely pruning and proper care, the culture will show off in the garden at the same place for decades.
Rosa "Flamenz" does not like drought, since the lack of watering at high temperatures affects its flowering very badly.
The bushes need to ensure sufficient moisture:
- in the dry period, roses are watered 2 times a week, pouring at least 20 liters of water under each bush so that moisture penetrates to the roots in sufficient quantities;
- in the morning or in the evening, you need to spray the bushes, trying to avoid those moments when direct sunlight falls on the leaves, otherwise it will cause burns;
- during budding, as well as after the formation of shrubs, plants need to be watered 1 time in 10 days.
Timely dressing is an important point in the care of a climbing rose, because the culture is very demanding on soil fertility. Fertilizer introduced on time will help the active development of shoots, improve the appearance of the bush and increase the number of buds.
They feed the culture, guided by the following principles:
- During the year after planting, young shrubs do not need additional fertilizing, since a sufficient amount of nutrients has been introduced into the soil where they grow for their development and growth. Subsequently, the rose is fed with liquid mineral fertilizing (nitrogen-containing and phosphoric), which are used before flowering.
- The next season after planting, in the spring, the bushes are fed for the first time with any complex mineral fertilizing for roses (Agricola-Rosa).
- After 2-3 weeks, make organic fertilizer ("Flower", "Ideal").
- In summer, nitrogen fertilizers alternate every 3 weeks with complex ones (phosphoric + potassium).
- You can fertilize the bushes with a self-made mixture: mix 10 kg of cow manure with 3 kg of wood ash, and dilute the mixture in 50 l of water. Then pour 1 liter of solution under each bush, closer to the root.
Loosening and weed control
Another important step in the care of climbing roses is the loosening of the soil under the bush. This is especially important to do a couple of days after wetting or rain.
Loosening of soil under bushes of a climbing rose:
- promotes good aeration;
- significantly increases the flow of nutrients to the root system;
- helps in weed control.
Important! To prevent bushes from being attacked by weeds, as well as for longer moisture retention, gardeners recommend mulching the soil under the bushes with a layer of peat chips or sawdust.
Rosa "Flamenz", like all climbing cultures, needs annual bush formation.
Trimming is needed for the following reasons:
- support bush density;
- the formation of a beautiful crown;
- compact bush;
- plant rejuvenation.
Trimming is carried out according to the following rules:
- After planting a seedling, each shoot using a secateurs is shortened by 25-30 cm.
- In summer, faded buds and branches growing inside the crown are necessarily cut.
- In the second year of life, at the end of the summer season (August-September), after a flowering period, damaged lashes are cut off from the rose, as well as shoots that interfere with the beautiful formation of the bush.
- Completely remove 1-2 of the oldest shoots, which are replaced by young basal processes. If the processes are absent, then only 40 cm from the place of growth are left in old lashes, cutting off the rest of the length (this will help to activate the growth of replacing root lashes).
- Not too old branches are cut off at the places of formation of a new powerful shoot, which in the future will fulfill the role of a conductor.
- Since the described type of climbing rose blooms this year on shoots grown in the previous season, woody shoots are removed only if they are damaged.
- Not long flower-bearing branches are cut to the 2nd or 3rd buds (15-17 cm from the beginning of growth); weak stems shorten to the 3rd kidney.
- The crown base is formed from the most powerful and beautifully directed lashes.
- If the shoots have not ripened in the current season (there were no buds on them), then by the winter their tops will be cut off.
Video: how to cut a climbing rose
In order to hold the lush, blooming lashes of the Flamenz roses, you need reliable, stable and compact supports. This will give the landscape design of the site a unique decorative effect.
Important! Wooden supports for rose bushes must be treated with an antiseptic and then painted to disinfect a possible source of infection for the bush.
Rose bushes will look great if they are fixed on the following supports:
- trellis nets;
- wooden and stone pillars;
- plastic or wooden grates;
- forged metal;
- metal rods.
Shelter for the winter
After the September pruning of weak lashes, healthy shoots of rose bushes begin to grow directionally to the ground, getting used to this situation. Did you know? The cultivar rose variety, after breeding, immediately gained immense popularity among flower growers: they paid fabulous money for each bush. There have been even cases of the abduction of rose bushes from other people's gardens and plots. During this period, the bushes begin to prepare for wintering:
- 2 weeks after the autumn pruning, the bushes should be treated with copper sulphate and knitted in bundles of 4-5 pieces.
- At the first frosts, lay the branches horizontally on dry foliage, previously laid out in a layer under the bushes, and then sprinkle on top of the leaves and cover with film material or roofing material.
- When severe frosts occur, the bushes wrapped in a film are covered from above with pine or spruce spruce branches.
- In the spring, when stable temperatures are established, the shelters are removed and the plants are pruned.
Video: Flamingant Rose Shelter for Winter
Properly caring for the “Flamenz” roses, you can decorate your garden for many years with arches, pergolas or arbors, twined with spectacular and undemanding shrubs with lush, bright flowering and delicate aroma.