Rosa Cordana: growing and caring at home and in the garden
Rosa Cordana is a tiny flower that is ideal for breeding at home and in the garden. It makes beautiful hedges. We will tell about the subtleties of growing this miniature beauty further.
Botanical description of the plant
Cordana bush is small - 30 cm in height, average density. Thin erect stems are covered with dark green foliage of a small size. The buds that appeared at the end of spring turn into flowers of the classic goblet shape of white, pink, and yellow. There is no aroma. Flowering continues until mid-autumn.
Purchase and adaptation
Going to a flower shop, many are sure that all the flowers are of high quality, but this is not always the case. You need to know the characteristics of the choice of plants, so that later you do not spend energy and additional funds on the restoration of the flower if problems arise.
- Carefully inspect your favorite bush. Its leaves should be dark green, shiny and hold firmly on the stem.
- The presence of white plaque on leaf blades indicates the defeat of the plant by powdery mildew.
- Leaves in black or brown spots - the rose was not properly looked after, it got a fungal infection.
- The leaves turned yellow and crumble - the plant is depleted or the soil is excessively wet.
Important! It is better not to purchase such flowers, as they will bring a lot of trouble, and there is no guarantee that the plant will completely recover. Rosa Cordana is sensitive to a change of scenery. Often, a flower brought home can suddenly drop foliage. This suggests that the bush is weakened and needs care.
In order to prevent such a reaction to a new place, the rose brought to the house needs:
- free from packaging material;
- wash under a warm shower (will help get rid of a spider mite);
- treat with insecticides from other pests.
After these procedures, place the rose in a suitable place.
Transplant after purchase
A few days after the acquisition, the bush needs to be transplanted to a permanent place, since the soil and the pot in which the plant is located are not suitable for long-term cultivation. The flowerpot needs to be selected ceramic, and the soil to fill it is suitable universal. The bottom of the pot is covered with a layer of drainage.
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To remove the bush from the original capacity, the soil needs to be well moistened and the flower carefully removed. Rid the roots of the earth, carefully inspect them for damage or signs of illness. Then you can put the plant in a new flowerpot and gently sprinkle with soil, compacting each of its layers. At the end, you need to water the rose and put it in a shaded place for two days.
On how correctly you create the conditions for the Kordan rose, its further development depends.
Tiny bushes love lighting. They need light, but without direct sunlight. Shaded southern windows are ideal, but western and eastern are also suitable. Windows should open for ventilation so that the air in the room does not stagnate.
Important! If the daylight is short or natural light is not enough, it is necessary to place artificial lamps near the flowerpot.
Comfortable temperature for a flower is from + 15 ° С to + 20 ° С. In the summer, you can take the rose to the balcony, protecting from drafts, since the latter negatively affect the condition of the plant.
Watering and spraying
Cordana loves moist soil, but not wet soil. To maintain moisture, water the plant when the top is dry. The remaining water flowing into the pan must be drained. For irrigation, use warm, standing water, since cold provokes the appearance of various diseases. After irrigation, the soil must be fluffed so that a crust does not form.
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In summer and winter (with heating turned on), if the air in the room is dry, to maintain the necessary moisture concentration, the leaves should be sprayed with warm water (once a week).
Fertilizers are applied during the growing season, from March to October, with an interval of one and a half weeks. Mineral complexes are used for root or foliar top dressing.
Pruning of the bush is carried out in the fall as a preparatory measure for wintering. Underdeveloped, weak shoots are removed first. The remaining ones are shortened so that 2-3 kidneys remain. If the shoot grows from the root, 3-4 buds are left on it.
Outdoor care is not much different from home care. The Cordana rose planted on the southwestern or southeastern side of the plot also needs watering, top dressing, and pruning, just like a homely beauty.
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Cordana growing in the garden should be abundantly watered under the root. They irrigate it about once a week, and if the summer is dry and hot, more often. Also, she does not bother with a periodic warm shower (once a week).
Top dressing is applied twice or thrice during the growing season, but so that the procedure does not coincide with the period of bud formation and flowering. A flower fed at this time will only grow a plentiful green mass and will not please flowering.
Loosening and weeding
After each watering, loosen the soil around the bush. In parallel with loosening, weed control is carried out.
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Like the indoor version of a flower, a garden rose needs pruning before winter. First, cut off all the buds. Then shoots are cut by 1/3.
The cut flower is well spudded, the earth around it is mulched. From above the plant is covered with burlap. In regions with severe winters, it is better to transfer the rose during the cold weather to the greenhouse or create it around the plant.
Possible growing difficulties
Experienced growers advise to treat plants with fungicides for prevention in order to prevent the appearance of diseases and pests.
Usually the bush is attacked by:
- powdery mildew (manifested by white spots, to combat it, it is necessary to cut off the affected foliage and spray with “Fundazol”);
- spider mite (leaves are covered with black or red small dots that move. The leaves are torn off, and the bush is treated with insecticides).
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How to propagate at home?
Usually the bush of Cordan is propagated by cuttings. The procedure is carried out in May – August. For cuttings, take cut not wilted buds with 3-4 buds or cut off the top of the shoot with 2-3 buds without lower foliage. It is desirable that this shoot be 2-3 mm thick. The cuttings are placed in water. Two weeks later, roots should appear, and then it is planted in the soil.