Propagation of Viburnum Ordinary

The idea of ​​propagating viburnum with one's own hand often arises among gardeners who have at least once dealt with this plant. The thing is that this culture is unusually beautiful, and its fruits are good for humans and tasty. In this article you will find the necessary information about the propagation of viburnum.

Propagation of Viburnum Ordinary

Viburnum Ordinary (Red) refers to deciduous woody plants. Its height sometimes reaches 4 meters, and the life span reaches 50 years. Its fruits are edible and healthy; they are actively used in folk and official medicine. Propagation of viburnum is not very difficult for gardeners, even beginners. The main thing is to follow the simple rules that will be given below.

Methods of propagation of viburnum

This culture can be propagated in many ways. The vegetative (asexual) is optimal - it is he who allows the new plant to retain all varietal characteristics and properties of the mother plant. When using this method, seedlings will be able to enter fruiting in the second year. Below are several methods of vegetative propagation of viburnum.

Vertical layering

This is a very popular method that many gardeners have resorted to. The steps in this process are as follows:

  1. In autumn, the lower branches of the mother plant should be cut so that no more than 2–4 buds remain on them.
  2. After this, the bush needs to be spudded (to lay down the lower part of the plant with moist soil, followed by loosening).
  3. In the spring, new shoots will sprout from these buds. At this stage, you need to wait until they reach a height of about 10 cm, and once again spud them so that the ground covers 4-5 cm of the shoot.
  4. In autumn, the shoots are already rooted, they can be separated from the mother bush and planted in the ground.

Horizontal layering

This method is good in that the seedlings planted as a result of such division are characterized by a high survival rate. All you need for this:

  1. In autumn, you need to loosen the soil under the bushes.
  2. In spring, the most durable and promising shoots need to be bent to the ground and secured with hooks or other special devices, and then sprinkled on top of them with fertile soil.
  3. When the height of the sprouted shoots becomes equal to 20 cm, they should be earthed by 10 cm. This step must be done a couple more times with an interval of 15 days.
  4. In the fall, your layering is ready for separation and planting as independent plants.

Video: Viburnum propagation by layering

Green cuttings

Proper preparation of cuttings can take more time than the previous methods, however, it allows in the future to plant many bushes from one stem at once. Green cuttings, unlike lignified ones, cannot be transported over long distances.

  1. At the beginning of summer, young and flexible stems should be selected.
  2. They must be cut so that at least three nodes remain on each of them, and the length of the stalk is about 10 cm. The leaves are also removed. It is desirable to make a slope oblique.
  3. Cuttings need to be planted in the soil indoors (greenhouse or apartment). Planting depth - 2 cm. It is recommended to use a mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio as soil.
  4. For three weeks, it is necessary to maintain high humidity in the room (about 70%), as well as high temperature (+27 ... + 30 ° С). The entire period should be accompanied by regular watering, the soil of the cuttings should not dry out.
  5. By the onset of winter, cuttings will take root. They must be covered with leaves or other organic material and left until spring.
  6. With the onset of spring, they will be ready for landing in open ground. They usually begin to bloom 2 years after planting.

Seeds

Germinating seeds is a time-consuming process that does not guarantee a positive result. Often, seeds, even with proper processing, do not germinate, or sprouted viburnum does not have the characteristics of a mother plant. Therefore, gardeners rarely resort to this method. Also a negative point is that it is this method that requires a lot of time. Read information about growing and caring for viburnum.

  1. Seeds must first be stratified. This is the process of storing seeds at a certain temperature (+1 ... + 5 ° C) for a long period of time, which allows to accelerate their germination. The approximate shelf life of this is 7 months.
  2. In spring, the seeds are sown in a box or on a bed, and then follows the usual care, which consists of regular watering and loosening. By winter, they should be covered with a layer of mulch (organic material or agrofibre), previously watering abundantly.
  3. The following spring, the mulch is removed and shoots can soon be observed. Viburnum seeds germinate for about one year.
  4. They should be planted in a permanent place for 2-3 years. Before landing, they must be cut to one third.

Video: Propagation of viburnum by seeds

Dividing the bush

This method is often used in order to propagate a valuable variety and transplant it to a new place.

  1. The mother bush must be divided into several parts so that each has at least three buds of renewal (the so-called wintering buds, from which shoots subsequently develop). This procedure can be carried out both in the spring and in the fall.
  2. Sections are best treated immediately with special preparations to prevent the possibility of infection. If you do not want to use chemicals for processing sections, you can replace them with a garlic solution, which shows no less efficiency and retains its properties for up to 3 months.
  3. Parts of viburnum are immediately ready for planting, but it is recommended to soak their roots in a stimulating solution before it.

How to root viburnum

Rooting is the process of sprouting roots through a lump of earth with which they were planted. This allows young plants to gain a foothold in a new place. The faster this happens, the more active will be the growth of viburnum and the sooner you can expect the next harvest. There are several ways to speed up this process, as well as increase the chances of successful rooting:

  1. Before planting, the root system of the seedling can be treated with tools such as “Kornevin” or “Heteroauxin”. The dosage and rules of use must be found in the instructions supplied with the drug.
  2. Experienced gardeners recommend covering the greenhouse or other place where they are planted with film or glass to root the cuttings. This will create a favorable atmosphere for them and accelerate germination.
  3. For rooting as soil, river sand and peat are best suited in a 2: 1 ratio.
  4. Gardeners often resort to such a trick - before planting, the stalk is wrapped with foil to the base of the shoot, simulating a planting in the ground. In the darkened area, it will begin to form roots, which will significantly accelerate the rooting process.
  5. Small cuts can also be made on the filled part of the plant, which will positively affect root formation.

Spring breeding

Some methods allow breeding in spring and autumn with the same chance of success. However, many are of the opinion that spring is the best period for this. It is in March and April that the temperature stabilizes, there is high humidity and a sufficient amount of solar heat, so in the spring months the landing will be most successful.

Did you know? In the old days, people believed that viburnum showed special energy in early autumn, due to which there was a custom to hang it on the corner of the hut - people believed that it protects from the evil eye and evil spirits, and young girls could share their hardships with it.

Now you know how to properly propagate this extraordinary plant - viburnum. Subject to all the rules and with proper care, she will soon thank you with a beautiful flowering and healthy harvest.

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