Potato Scarlet: description and characteristics of the variety

Potatoes are called second bread, and the requirements for cultivars are quite high. One of the varieties is very popular both among summer residents and among farmers. It's about Scarlet.

Description and characteristics of the variety

The correct and full name of the variety is Red Scarlet. Potatoes were obtained through the efforts of Dutch breeders; they were widely distributed, in particular, in our latitudes, in the early 2000s.

Table early ripening variety ripens 75 days after planting. A low bush is formed by upright shoots of medium thickness, on which medium-sized foliage is also formed by a dense green mass.

During flowering, a pure variety forms red or purple flowers. As fast as the tops, Scarlet is growing tubers. The weight of one tuber varies from 70 g to 150 g.

The prefix "red", that is, red in translation from English, received potatoes due to the color of the peel. A red-pink or pink-colored fruit of a rounded oval shape has shallow eyes. The variety bears fruit well: on average 500 kg / ha, the flat surface of the potato retains its presentation for a long time.

Yellow flesh of a homogeneous structure, fine-grained. A distinctive feature is that it does not darken at the cut. The high starch content does not allow potatoes to be cooked during cooking or frying. The taste is moderately sweet.

Did you know? Karlsson's vodka, popular in Sweden, is made from potatoes and bears the name of the creator of the equally popular strong drink Absolute.

The superiority and disadvantages of the potato variety

The main advantage of the variety is considered to be resistance to one of the most dangerous pests of solanaceous crops - the golden nematode.

  • Other advantages:
  • early ripening;
  • resistance to drought (short-term);
  • high productivity;
  • immunity to major viruses and late blight;
  • taste characteristics;
  • long shelf life;
  • transportability.

Among the drawbacks of the variety, there is a demand for soil and weather conditions. Red Scarlet tolerates heat and frost equally poorly.

Potatoes are distinguished by a large number of nutrients in the composition.

The fruits contain: Learn also

Features of growing potatoes according to Dutch technology

a) minerals:

  • iron;
  • calcium;
  • potassium;
  • magnesium;
  • phosphorus;

b) vitamins:

  • B9 - folic acid;
  • E is tocopherol;
  • PP - nicotinic acid;

c) organic acids:

  • apple
  • oxalic;
  • lemon.

Thanks to this composition, regular use of the product will help normalize the functioning of the cardiovascular and digestive systems. Improve the water-salt balance in the body and speed up metabolic processes.

A dish of baked potatoes helps to restore the mucous membrane with a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Lotions that heal wounds are made from potato juice, and also taken orally to relieve migraine pains. Juice helps with constipation and chronic fatigue.

Planting and cultivating Scarlet

Planting a heat-loving variety is carried out when the earth warms up to at least + 10 ° C (April, May). In this case, there is excellent rooting and friendly germination of crops.

Early potato varieties also include such as: Zhukovsky, Arosa, Bellarosa, Karatop, and Colette.

Preparation and selection of planting material

Without your own seed material, you can purchase it in specialized stores. To verify the purity of the variety, you have to wait for flowering: the appearance of white flowers will be a signal to the over-sorting. Such bushes are best marked for yourself to cull for the next planting.

Self-prepared seeds need to be calibrated: the optimal seed size is 4–5 cm in diameter. Then the seeds are dried for about 10 days, during which time the tubers are greened. Tubers are stored in a dry cellar until spring. 45 days before planting, the seeds are removed from the store, washed, discarded damaged. Preparing for planting involves disinfecting and germinating.

Stages of the procedure:

  1. Tubers are pickled in a solution of boric acid 10 g / 1 l of water.
  2. After drying the material, it is heated for 3-4 days at a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° С.
  3. Then placed for 30–35 days for germination in the light at room temperature. If there is not enough sunlight, use lamps.
  4. The next step is wet germination. Tubers are laid out in boxes and covered with wet sawdust.
  5. Sawdust moisturize by placing in a solution of water and fertilizer. The drug "Baikal-M" is diluted in a proportion of 10 ml / 10 l of water. Sawdust needs to be wrung out, then evenly distribute on tubers.
  6. Boxes are placed in a temperature regime not lower than + 12 ° С.
  7. The covering layer is regularly moistened by spraying.
  8. After 4–5 days, viable sprouts appear and the tubers are ready for planting.
Important! The combination of two methods of germination - wet and in the light will give 100% sprouting result.

Preparation of soil for planting

For landing, it is recommended to choose a site on a hill, well-lit and warmed by the sun. To grow a crop, loose soil with an acidity index of 5.5–7 pH is needed. In the fall, the earth is dug up to the depth of the bayonet, removing weeds and fertilizing.

To saturate the soil, use for each m²:

  • rotted manure - 7 kg;
  • superphosphate - 40 g;
  • potassium sulfate - 15 g.
The procedure will saturate the soil with nutrients, improve its structure.

Planting Technology Varieties

Before planting, the site is again dug up into a half bayonet shovel and leveled with a rake.

Landing pattern:

  1. The site is divided into rows, leaving a distance of 120 cm between them.
  2. The holes are dug at a distance of 60 cm from each other, with a depth of 7-10 cm.
  3. In each hole put 50 g of wood ash.
  4. Seeds are laid with their eyes up and sprinkled with soil.

Features of care after planting

The first watering is carried out after emergence. Watered under the root with water protected in the sun for 3-4 liters per bush. Before the flowering period, watering is carried out once every 7 days. When peduncles appear, the amount of water, as well as the frequency of irrigation, is increased: 8–10 l under the bush, twice a week. Important! To ensure uniform soil moisture, a portion of the water is divided. Pour half and wait until absorbed, then pour the rest. At the end of flowering, tubers begin to grow actively, so the water norm doubles. As soon as the tops show signs of wilting, the rate is reduced to 3 l, the frequency - up to once every 10 days.

After each irrigation, the soil is loosened so that a crust does not form on the surface, which prevents the access of oxygen to the tubers. At the same time, weeds are removed. During the appearance of the first seedlings, the first hilling is carried out, almost falling asleep seedlings.

Before flowering, the procedure is carried out 2 more times with an interval of 7-10 days. During flowering, manipulation is not carried out, during this period, the tops of the leaves have grown dense foliage. Hilling can damage the bush or increase the risk of fungal infection. Find out in more detail what is the purpose of hilling potatoes, and how to carry it out correctly.

The first feeding is carried out 2 weeks after emergence.

Apply the foliar method with a solution:

  • carbamide - 100 g;
  • potassium monophosphate - 150 g;
  • boric acid - 5 g.

The mixture of substances is dissolved in 5 l of water, then bringing the volume to 10 l, the solution is enough for a plot of 10 m². Repeat the procedure after 3 weeks.

During budding, a second top dressing is carried out:

  • ammonium nitrate - 2 g;
  • potassium chloride - 2 g;
  • superphosphate - 20 g.
The components are mixed in 5 liters of water, brought to a volume of 10 liters and sprayed on the site, enough portions to process 10 m² of area.

Read more about what and how to process potatoes. After flowering, tubers need boron and magnesium for normal formation. Ideal for feeding consider the drug "Mag-Bor", 1 tbsp. l. / 10 l of water / 10 m². A month before harvesting, dry granules of superphosphate 300 g / m² are applied to the soil.

Characteristic diseases and pests

The variety is resistant to major diseases of potatoes, increase its protective properties by treating seeds with boric acid. For protection at different stages of development, the culture is treated with the preparation "Thanos" by spraying 4 g / 10 l of water. In total, 4 procedures can be performed. The drug is effective against late blight, alternariosis and scab.

Potato can attack the Colorado potato beetle and bear. To prevent the appearance of a beetle, you can use plantings in the aisles of repellent plants:

  • tansy;
  • calendula
  • wormwood.
You can fight with the Colorado potato beetle using the drug "Bushido". 0.5 g of the drug is dissolved in 5 l of water, the solution is enough for 100 m². To combat the bear in the burrows found on the site, pour an aqueous solution with vinegar 3 tbsp. l. / 10 l of water.

Did you know? Israeli scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in search of cheap electricity received it from a battery based on boiled potatoes.

Harvest dates and storage features

For eating, potatoes are dug up at the end of August, the collection of seed material is carried out at the beginning of the month. 10-12 days prior to harvesting, the tops are cut, which helps to strengthen the peel and quickly ripen.

After harvesting, the potatoes must be dried so that the soil remaining on the tubers crumbles. The best option for drying is under a canopy for 2-3 days. Vegetables are periodically turned over to dry evenly.

After drying, the crop is quarantined for about 2-3 weeks at a temperature of + 14 ... + 16 ° C. During this time, possible diseases will appear. Healthy tubers are stored in a dry cellar on a sand cover in bulk or in boxes. Learn also about the features of storing potatoes in the apartment. Reviews about the variety are mostly positive: they note a pleasant taste, resistance to drought and disease. Potatoes do not require a lot of attention, and the yield gives consistently high.

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