Pepper Denis: cultivation and crop yield characteristics
Hybrid varieties of vegetables are increasingly popular among gardeners. Thanks to careful selection and thoughtful crossbreeding of different varieties, one is obtained that has many useful characteristics. One of these universal varieties is Denis sweet pepper, which will be discussed in this article.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Denis is an early ripe hybrid sweet bell pepper variety with high yield and good marketability. It is grown through seedlings in various types of greenhouses (glass, film) or in open ground. The height of the bush reaches 60–70 cm, which is considered a stunted crop.
Did you know? The ancient tribes of the Aztecs and Mayans were the first to use pepper in home cooking. Not knowing the salt, they seasoned the food with hot pepper, and sweet if just like that. The vegetable even had its own divine patron - the wife of the fire god Chantiko.
Productivity is high, 26 kg per square meter.
Description of the fetus
The fruits of the pepper are large, saturated red in color and oblong, thick-walled (wall thickness sometimes exceeds 1 cm), ribbed. With proper care of the bushes, the weight of one fruit reaches 400 g. The pulp is juicy, sweet, not bitter and has a rich aroma. For this reason, this variety is great for making lecho.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The advantages of Denis F1 are as follows:
- high productivity;
- resistance to diseases, especially to tobacco mosaic;
- early ripeness;
- juicy and resilient fruits, suitable for many dishes;
- Suitable for indoor and outdoor cultivation.
The disadvantage is the fact that hybrid varieties, which include our pepper, can not reproduce. So, every year you need to buy seeds for seedlings again. It is also impossible to get many large fruits at the same time. When growing, you have to choose either quantity or size.
For seedlings, Denis pepper is sown in late February or early March. Since the emergence of seedlings, seedlings have been growing for a month and a half and in the budding phase they are sent to a permanent place of planting.
Important! When hardening the seeds, do not forget to keep them slightly moistened.
Seed selection and preparation
Marking F1 always indicates a hybrid. Thus, there is no point in harvesting seeds from the previous harvest - the characteristics of these plants will not be transmitted to the new generation. Each time it is necessary to purchase seed packets from the producer. It is very important to ensure that the seeds are of high quality, without rot and plaque, of the same size. Before planting seedlings, they must be sorted out and discarded low-quality material.
It is also advisable to check the seeds for germination. To do this, you need to choose ten pieces, put in bags made of cloth and dip in warm water for 24 hours. Then the seeds removed from the water are placed on a flat plate and placed in a warm place (temperature not lower than + 30 ° С), keeping the bags moist, for another 3-4 days. If during this time at least half of the seeds hatch, then germination will be good.
Seeds are put for several days in the refrigerator on the lower shelf (temperature about + 5 ° C). Then they are removed and put for a day in a warm place (not higher than + 18 ° C), then again for several days in the refrigerator. Already from the refrigerator, seeds are sown for seedlings.
Preparing land for seedlings
To seedlings gave good shoots, you need the right land.
Did you know? The well-known allspice is dried berries of an evergreen tropical tree.
There are several options for the correct composition of the soil:
- Two parts of peat are mixed with two parts of humus and one part of finely ground sawdust.
- The same thing, but without sawdust.
- Three parts of humus with two parts of turf.
- One part of turf land mixed with two parts of dung humus.
- Special primer for pepper from the store.
Soil is laid in prepared boxes with a layer of 10 cm, then it is watered with a potassium permanganate solution. After 12 hours, the soil can be leveled and compacted. Then longitudinal grooves are made in increments of 5 cm; seeds are lowered into them. The distance between the seeds is 2 cm, the depth of the bookmark is 1–1.5 cm. From above, the planting is covered with a small layer of soil and watered with warm water.
Several times you can feed the seedlings with complex fertilizers, for example, “Floromiks-P”. It is important that they have more trace elements and calcium. If it is not possible to purchase such mixtures, you can use organic improvised means. Air temperature should not exceed + 18 ° С and fall below + 16 ° С. It is important that the first week the seedlings are not in the sun, otherwise the sprouts are stretched, not allowing the root system to grow stronger.
Important! Watering the seeds must be carried out very carefully so as not to wash the planting material.
Features of planting seedlings in the soil
By the time the seedlings go to a permanent place, the sprouts should have 8-12 leaves. Usually this is the beginning or middle of May. If the soil is open, for the first time the seedlings are covered to preserve from return frosts. Two days before planting, pots with seedlings are well watered so that an earthen lump does not sprinkle. This should not be done before boarding.
Rules for care after planting seedlings in the soil
Pepper is very whimsical in terms of growing conditions. He needs fertile soils, free from solanaceous crops (tomatoes, potatoes, etc.) for at least five years. If late frosts are expected after transplanting, the planting is covered with a film or agrofibre. The distance between the rows is 60 cm, between the plants - 50 cm. It is best to plant pepper in places with diffused sunlight. If this is not possible, then in the daytime the plant requires protection from the sun.
Watering is needed regularly, in dry and hot weather, its quantity and volume are increased so that the leaves do not dry. It is advisable to defend the water for irrigation in tanks and apply warm. Humidify the pepper after sunset.
Find out in more detail how to properly and how often you need to water pepper.
In the phase of active growth and the appearance of fruits, fertilizers are needed:
- The first top dressing is carried out already a few weeks after planting. Superphosphate diluted in water is added to the roots in a proportion of 2:10. On one bush of pepper leaves 1 liter of fertilizer.
- The second feeding is needed during the flowering period. The dosage of superphosphate from the previous recipe is doubled and a teaspoon of potassium sulfate is added to it.
- Finally, a third soil fertilizer is necessary during the ripening period. For 10 liters of water, add 2 tsp. superphosphate and potassium salt.
Hilling and loosening the soil
To supply the root soil with oxygen, loosening the soil is useful after irrigation and rain. These activities can be combined with top dressing, if there is such a need.
Sweet pepper has very fragile shoots, it is easy to break them, so it is advisable to insert a peg 60 cm high next to the sprouts when planting to further garter the bushes. When the sprouts get stronger and begin to rise, they are tied with a rope.
Disease and pest resistance
In general, hybrid varieties are distinguished by increased resistance to various diseases. Denis F1 pepper is especially resistant to tobacco mosaic. But preventive measures and treatment should not be neglected if the disease still manifests itself. If the plant is sluggish, as if it lacks moisture, perhaps it is wilt or fusarium that can completely ruin the crop. For the prevention of these diseases when planting, pour into the prepared holes of the Previkur. For treatment, root treatment with Trichodermin is suitable.
You will be interested to know why pepper rots on the bush and what to do.
External rot is due to a lack of calcium, root rot (or black leg) - from excess moisture. All these problems can be avoided by proper watering and timely feeding. Aphids and Colorado potato beetles, unfortunately, are still the main pests of any crop. The drug "Verticillin" will help from aphids, and the "Actofit" from the bug. These drugs are biological and do not harm the crop.
Harvesting and Harvesting
Sweet pepper has two types of maturity: technical and biological. Depending on the purpose for which the crop was grown, choose the appropriate type. Under the technical understand this state of the product, when it can already be collected for storage, transportation and subsequent sale. Vegetables are well stored and can be expected to be used in a cool cellar or refrigerator for several months, gradually ripening.
Important! Fruits in the stage of physiological maturity are not subject to long-term storage.
Denis F1 pepper is worth all the effort expended on it, since few people compare with this variety in terms of juiciness, elasticity, taste and versatility. Like a hybrid, a vegetable combines many useful features: fineness of fruits, high yield, early ripening and excellent taste. All these nuances will appear with the correct selection of soil and good care. But the result will not disappoint you.