The most healthy apple variety for the human body

Apple is one of the most common fruits on Earth. There is hardly a person who has not tried this fruit. There is no doubt in its use, but often when consumed, the question arises: which fruit to choose - red or green. The following is a description of the properties of both varieties, as well as how they differ among themselves.

The chemical composition of apples

Apples, especially when fresh, are recommended for almost everyone at any time of the year. The chemical composition of the fetus (vitamins, micro and macro elements, organic, unsaturated fatty acids, fiber) does not change after prolonged storage.

Both green and red varieties are useful in their chemical composition. All of them are rich in a large amount of organic acids (malic, citric, formic), and also contain a large number of vitamins: A, B1, B2, B6, B9, PP, E, H, C. It is vitamin C that saturates them with “acidity”.

Important! The sour the apple, the less calories it has.

Apples are also saturated with micro and macro elements (data are calculated per 100 g of product):

  • iron - 2.2 mg;
  • potassium - 278.0 mg;
  • calcium - 15.0 mg;
  • sulfur - 5.0 mg;
  • sodium - 26.0 mg;
  • magnesium - 9.0 mg;
  • copper - 110.0 mcg;
  • molybdenum - 6.0 mcg;
  • zinc - 150 mcg;
  • iodine - 2.0 mcg;
  • fluorine - 8.0 mcg.

Thus, even 1 apple eaten per day will bring great benefits to the human body. Below is the nutritional and energy value of fruits, depending on the color of their peel (per 100 g of product).

Green varieties:Red varieties:
  • calorie content - 44.0 kcal;
  • water - 86.3 g;
  • proteins - 0.47 g;
  • fats - 0.4 g;
  • sugar - 9-10 g;
  • fiber - 2.4 g;
  • carbohydrates - 7–8 g.
  • calorie content - 47.0–52.0 kcal;
  • carbohydrates - 10.1-13.81 g;
  • proteins - 0.4 g;
  • fats - 0.38 g;
  • sugar - 9-10.39 g.

Apple properties

Consider more carefully the beneficial properties of this fruit, and also find out the reasons why you should not use it.

Did you know? The weight of the largest apple, grown in 2005 by the Japanese Chisato Iwasaki, amounted to 1.85 kg.


The apple is not in vain called the "vitamin fruit of health." It is used for the prevention and treatment of various diseases.

  • So, let's consider what benefits this fragrant fruit brings to the body:
  • Healthy blood vessels. Thanks to plant fibers, excess fat is eliminated from the body faster, and blood cholesterol levels are reduced. The walls of blood vessels strengthen, become more elastic.
  • Good digestion. Inactive lifestyle, stressful conditions, malnutrition, taking medications adversely affect the digestive system. Fiber, which is in sufficient quantities in apples, will ensure regular intestinal activity. It is recommended to eat with acute, chronic colitis, dysentery, frequent constipation, but on an empty stomach.
  • Soft diuretic diuretic. Fruits are useful for weaning during pregnancy, dropsy, jaundice.
  • Fasting days. Dietitians recommend these fruits for weight loss, with cardiovascular, renal diseases, obesity, hypertension.
  • Natural antioxidant. It improves metabolism, has anti-cancer and anti-aging properties. It has a prophylactic effect for viral and colds, as well as immunostimulating, tonic, strengthening effect.
  • Normalizes the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Due to the sufficient iron content, these fruits are indispensable for anemia to increase hemoglobin levels.
  • Prevention of gout and rheumatism. The fruit contains malic acid, which neutralizes lactic acid, and fiber helps the kidneys remove its excess.
  • Maintaining blood sugar. Due to its low carbohydrate content, apples are recommended to be consumed in a diet to maintain a stable level of blood glucose. Recommended for people with diabetes.
  • Fresh juice is useful for bronchitis, atherosclerosis, chronic polyarthritis, neuralgia.


  • Despite the undeniable benefits of apples, there are a number of contraindications regarding their use:
  • apple diets should not be abused, as their consequences can be colitis, gastritis, peptic ulcer exacerbation, inflammatory processes in the gallbladder;
  • it is not recommended to often use apple juice: under the influence of acids, the risk of damage to tooth enamel increases, as a result of which hypersensitivity develops, teeth begin to decay;
  • you must limit the use of apples if your body is prone to yeast infections, such as thrush;
  • high fructose levels are unsafe for people with elevated insulin levels;
  • fruits treated with chemicals for long-term storage can be harmful.

Which apples are healthier for a person: red or green

The carbohydrates that make up the red apple do not affect its dietary properties. Red fruits are sweet, crunchy, with a delicate taste and pleasant aroma. For those who have increased acidity of the gastric juice, they are ideal.

Did you know? Apples of any grade are 80% water and 20% air, so they perfectly moisturize the human body and do not drown in water.

The fruits of the green color are juicy, hard, with a slight acid. In these varieties, the level of carbohydrates is lowered, and the concentration of phytonutrients is high, therefore they are less high-calorie and more useful. A sufficient amount of iron and sugar ensures their superiority over red varieties.

In addition, the green apple does not include the pigment responsible for the red color, so one of the advantages of green fruits is hypoallergenicity, especially for children. Their glycemic index is lower than red ones. This means that it is advisable for diabetics to use green apples. Thus, we can conclude that green apples are healthier than red apples.

The best and most useful varieties of apple trees

Depending on the fruiting season, apple trees can be divided into 3 groups: summer, autumn and winter. The following is a description of some varieties of apple trees that have the best characteristics.

Important! When choosing apples, pay attention to their appearance. A healthy specimen should be solid, without any dents, dark spots or traces of rot.


One of the best summer varieties includes the following:

  1. Romus 1. Bred in Romania. Ripens in the second half of July. Absolutely resistant to scab. The tree is medium-sized, winter hardiness is medium. It is advisable to grow in the southern regions. Fruits in the fifth year after planting. Fruits of a green color with a reddish striped blush. The pulp is juicy, crumbly, tastes good. The weight of one fetus is 130–140 g.

  2. Oryol pioneer. Bred in Russia. The trees are medium-sized, winter-hardy. Apples are flat-round, very elegant. About 2 weeks before ripening, fruits that are well lit by the sun turn pink. Ripen in August, the taste is high. Productivity is increased. The weight of one fetus is 120–140 g.


The best autumn varieties include the following:

  1. Prima. Originally from the USA. The trees are vigorous, able to produce crops already in the third year of growth. Resistant to powdery mildew and scab. Average winter hardiness. Fruits are yellow with a red blush on the larger surface of the fruit. Ripening occurs at the end of August. Fruits have high palatability. The weight of one apple is 150-180 g.

  2. Priam. The trees are medium-sized, with a medium-thickened crown. The variety is winter-hardy, has good immunity. Fruits in the third year. Fruits weigh 100-120 g, oblong-conical, yellow-green, with a slight blush throughout the apple. They have good taste. Ripen in the first half of September, stored in a cool place for up to 5 months.


One of the best winter varieties include:

  1. Gloucester. German variety of late winter ripening. Fruits are large in size, have an average weight of 160 g. They take on a conical shape, light yellow, with a very bright raspberry red blush. They have good taste, stored up to 4-5 months. Productivity is quite high, winter hardiness is average. High resistance to powdery mildew and scab.

  2. Jonathan. Trees with openwork crown. Fruits of medium size, reach a weight of 110 g. With large yields, they are smaller. The fruit has a sweet taste, with acidity and a nutmeg aroma. The tree bears fruiting in the fourth year after planting. Average winter hardiness. This variety is not recommended for allergy sufferers.

Having studied the chemical composition of apples and their properties, we determined what the differences are between the fruits of green and red. As it turned out, green fruits are more useful than red ones, but in any case, the choice is yours.

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