Morozko pepper: description, secrets of successful cultivation
Gardeners living in regions with a cool climate and wanting to grow peppers are concerned about getting stable crops of this heat-loving crop. Here, early varieties with resistance to poor lighting and lower temperatures are needed. Such unpretentious varieties include Morozko pepper. We learn what the Morozko sweet pepper variety is, how to grow it and what care is needed for it.
Selection and description of the variety
The Morozko pepper variety was bred from the West Siberian Vegetable Experimental Station and zoned in their region. It was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2001 and recommended for small farms.
Frost is an early ripe variety and can reach technical ripeness on the 110–115th day from the appearance of seedlings. Biological ripeness occurs on the 125th day.
Did you know? Fruits that have reached biological ripeness, colored red, contain much more vitamin C than peppers in a state of technical ripeness, which have a green color. Bushes of this variety of standard type can reach 80 cm, but on average reach about 60 cm. The foliage is medium-sized, slightly wrinkled, has a green color. On it at the same time from 10 to 29 cone-shaped fruits are tied, which, when biological ripeness is achieved, turn red. Their weight averages 65 g, but often there are also 100 gram fruits. The wall thickness is 5–7 mm. It has a rich taste and aroma. Great taste makes them well suitable for fresh consumption, as well as for workpieces, well suited for stuffing. The skin is smooth, glossy, inside there are 2-3 nests.
Advantages and disadvantages
- Pepper variety from Siberian breeders Morozko has the following advantages:
- getting an early harvest;
- resistance to adverse factors;
- stable fruiting;
- great taste;
- universality of use.
Did you know? The largest crops of pepper from their greenhouses receive in the Netherlands. The Dutch believe that yields below 5 kg per 1 m² are too modest.
How to grow seedlings on your own
Pepper culture is grown in seedlings, and Morozko pepper is no exception.
In the northern regions and in the middle zone, seeds of Morozko pepper are sown in late February - early March. Residents of the southern regions, Ukraine and Moldova can sow them almost a month earlier.
Check out the features of growing such varieties of early pepper:
Soil and capacity
To grow seedlings of Morozko pepper, you can take purchased universal soil or make a soil mixture yourself. For example, mix 2 parts of the fertile soil layer from the beds with 1 part of sawdust (sand), 1 part of peat and 1 part of humus. It is recommended to add a handful of ash to one 10 liter bucket in this mixture. It is recommended that you make the home-made mixture in the oven or pour boiling water for disinfection.
It can be grown in boxes, peat tablets and pots, plastic cassettes, pots, cardboard trays and home-made containers (from plastic bottles or milk packages). They all have their pros and cons. It should be borne in mind that the size of the containers should not be less than half a liter per plant. The optimal size of an individual container for one pepper is a container height of 10-15 cm and the same width.
Important! Pepper seedlings are best grown in individual containers, since its root system does not like extra transplants. Pikikov retards the growth of this culture for 2 weeks.
Seed selection and preparation
When buying seeds in bags, the first thing you need to pay attention to the shelf life and characteristics of the variety. The sachet also usually indicates the recommended sowing time for seedlings and the timing of planting in the soil, the planting pattern, and the harvesting period. Before planting, the seeds must be soaked for dressing in a 2% potassium permanganate solution for about 20 minutes, and then rinsed. It will be useful to use stimulants "Zircon", "Novosil", "Epin". A good option for stimulation and nutrition is to use an ash solution. For this, 3 tbsp. l ash should be infused for 1-3 days in 1 liter of water, and then in the solution soak the seeds for 3-4 hours. After stimulants, the seeds are not washed, but dried on a napkin.
To accelerate and test the germination of seeds before planting, it is recommended to germinate. To do this, they wrap it in moist gauze and leave it in a warm place (+ 22 ... + 25 ° C) for 2–7 days. After germination, they are immediately planted in prepared containers with soil mixtures.
Seeds are sown in individual containers of 1-2 seeds per each. They are closed to a depth of 1 to 1.5 cm. Then the crops are moistened, covered with a film and put in a warm place with a temperature regime of + 25 ... + 30 ° C.
Peppers should be placed in a well-lit place with a temperature of + 15 ... + 17 ° C. Such a decrease in temperature will not allow the sprouts to stretch. Then the temperature can be gradually increased to + 20 ... + 25 ° C. Peppers are watered only with defended heated water under the root, preventing the soil from drying out or waterlogging.
Pepper seedlings are fed twice:
- When 2-3 leaves appear. For feeding make such a solution: 10 g of potassium sulfate, 10 g of urea and 30 g of superphosphate are diluted in 5 l of water.
- 2 weeks after the first feeding, the same fertilizers are taken in double concentration.
Did you know? Ascorbic acid was first discovered and isolated from red pepper by Albert Saint-Gyorgyi in the 20s of the XX century. In 1937, the biochemist received the Nobel Prize for this discovery.
How to transplant seedlings to a permanent place
For pepper, it is important to choose the right time and place for planting, prepare beds and adhere to the recommended patterns.
Seedlings are ready for planting when the plant reaches approximately 20 cm and has 7–9 well-developed leaves. This age is approximately 53-60 days. It is planted in open ground when freezing is no longer predicted, and the soil warms up above + 15 ° C. The average air temperature should be +16 ... + 18 ° C. This is usually the third decade of May.
Pepper is a heat-loving plant crop, so when planting, you need to choose a site well-lit by sunlight, which is well protected from gusts of wind. If necessary, you can drop the wings against the drafts of corn. It is better to plant in a soil rich in nutrients and loose enough so that air and moisture freely flow to the root system of the plant. It is recommended to improve the beds with organic fertilizers during the autumn digging.
Scheme and landing depth
Experts recommend planting seedlings in the ground as follows:
- the distance between plants should be about 0.4 m;
- between rows of landings, the gap should be about 0.4-0.5 m.
How to care in the open ground
After planting in the soil, the plant must be provided with proper care to obtain a good crop.
Water the plant crop at least 2 times in 7 days. When the heat occurs, the procedure is carried out more often - at least 3 times in 7 days. About 1–2 liters are consumed per bush. Especially you need to monitor watering during the fruiting period. Improper watering during this period can reduce yields.
Find out in more detail how to properly and how often you need to water pepper.
After watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil. In the process of loosening, weed removal must be carried out, which draws part of the nutrients and moisture from the soil. Experts also recommend mulching the soil with sawdust, hay, humus. It will not be superfluous to carry out the hilling of the grown pepper bushes. This will strengthen the root system.
After planting in the soil by seedling, the plant needs to be fertilized 3-4 times:
- 10-14 days after planting, top dressing is made from rotted manure or chicken droppings. To do this, take such organics about 0.5 liters per 10 liter bucket. 200 g of wood ash, 50 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium chloride are also added.
- During flowering, foliar top dressing should be carried out. For spraying plants, a solution of boric acid (1 g per 1 l) is used.
- During the formation of the ovary, the root is irrigated (250 g per 1 plant) with the following solution for top dressing - 5 g of urea, 10 g of superphosphate are dissolved in a bucket of water (10 l).
- During the formation of the fruit. The following solution is prepared - 30 g of nitroammophos are dissolved in a 10 liter bucket of water.
Video: Pepper Fertilizer to Increase Crop
Morozko variety pepper requires a garter, as the bush can reach a height of up to 0.8 m. For garter you can use pegs hammered in next to each other or trellis installed along a row. This will protect the crop well from gusts of wind, as well as give stability, and the bush will not break under the weight of the fruit.
Important! Experts recommend removing leaflets, lateral processes, as well as a flower on the main central shoot. This will increase the yield of peppers.
Morozko pepper is perfect for residents of regions with a cool climate. This variety will not leave fruit with excellent taste without a crop even under adverse growing conditions.