How to transplant grapes?
In some cases, the gardener has a need to transplant the grapes to another place. Regardless of why the bush needs to be moved, the winegrower should be properly prepared for the procedure and study all its subtleties, which we will discuss later in the article.
Why transplant grapes?
Transplanting a grape bush to a new location is sometimes necessary for several reasons. Among the most common are the following:
- forced relocation of the garden to another territory;
- changing the layout of the garden;
- neighborhood with flowers, bushes and trees, which adversely affects the condition of grapes;
- initially incorrect landing location;
- moving wild grapes to your plot.
When is it better to transfer grapes to another place
A transplant is undesirable during a period of active vegetation and winter dormancy, since in this way you can only harm the bush and disrupt its life rhythms. Based on this, the plant should be transplanted:
- in the fall (end of October - beginning of November);
- in spring (end of April - beginning of May).
Important! During the summer grape transplant, avoid too hot weather and intense exposure to sunlight.
Grape transplant methods
Depending on the age of the shrub and the needs of the winegrower, several methods of grape transplantation are possible. This is the planting of cuttings, otvodochny moving or transplanting a whole bush.
Cuttings of grapes can most likely be attributed to the propagation method, however, when moving the bush to a new place, this method can also be used.
- In autumn, after the leaves fall completely, cuttings should be cut from the main bush. It is advisable to cut a straight section of the fruit shoot 0.3–0.4 m long.
- Cuttings are stored in a plastic bag in cool conditions (refrigerator or cellar) throughout the winter or buried for this period in the ground.
- When spring comes, the cuttings are soaked for 48 hours in water.
- Then they should be rooted in a container filled with soil. The substrate must be watered daily.
- When the stalk takes root, it can be planted in the planting hole. The roots should grow well and occupy almost the entire space in the container.
By planting a layering, you can move the grapes a short distance from the main shrub. For a transplant of this kind you need one vine with a growth point and 3 leaves. The rest of the greenery on the shoot needs to be removed.
- At a distance of at least 0.2-0.25 m from the main shrub, a small trench should be dug with a depth of about 0.5 m.
- The bottom of the trench must be filled with chernozem mixed with dried humus in equal proportions.
- In the recess lay the prepared vine and sprinkle with soil.
- Watering should be abundantly watered, wait for the absorption of moisture and again sprinkle with soil.
Learn how to water the grapes correctly and how often in the summer.
The whole bush moving method is suitable for young plants under the age of 5 years.
- The shrub is dug at a distance of 0.5 m from the stem and deepened by at least 0.8 m.
- Grapes must be extracted with rhizome.
- It is advisable to clean the root system from old and damaged parts.
- Before placing in a new place, the rhizome is treated with clay mash.
- Next, you need to trim, according to the result of which no more than two stems should remain. The upper parts must be removed.
- Planting material is placed in a pit at a slight angle, spreading the rhizome. Shoots should remain above ground level.
- After planting, the bush needs to be watered.
Important! When pruning the vine, the slices must be processed with a garden var.
How to transplant a grape bush
Before transplanting the plant, it is necessary to prepare the place and material. It is also important to carry out the procedure according to the correct scheme.
The location of the shrub should be selected based on the following nuances:
- on the north side, it is desirable to have wind protection in the form of a building or fence;
- groundwater should be no closer than 2 m to the surface of the earth;
- other plants should be planted at a distance of at least 4 m from the bush.
- in chernozem, the depth of the pit should be about 0.8 m, the area - 0.6 × 0.6 m;
- in sandy soil, the depth should be made at least 1 m, the area should be 0.8 × 0.8 m, while the bottom should be sprinkled with a clay substrate;
- clay soil should have parameters similar to the previous type, however, drainage mixture should be laid on the bottom.
- soil (1 shovel);
- dried humus (2 buckets);
- ash (1 shovel);
- nitroammophosk (200-400 g).
Get acquainted with the features of proper pruning of grapes in spring.
Preparing planting material
Planting material is cut depending on the age of the bush. Roots should also be trimmed, while removing diseased, damaged, or dead root shoots. For effective growth, you can withstand the rhizome in a growth stimulator throughout the day.
- clay (1 part);
- water (1 part);
- humus (2 parts).
It is optimal to place bushes, if there are several of them, at a distance of at least 2 m from each other, it is better to maintain a distance of 3 m. Do you know? The oldest living grape grows in Slovenia in the city of Maribor. Shrub over 400 years old. When transplanting, you need to follow the following algorithm:
- Pour 20 liters of water into a previously prepared pit.
- Wait for the moisture to dry and form a small mound during transplantation without an earthen coma. If the rhizome is not cleared from the ground, then it is necessary, on the contrary, to make a larger recess.
- Place a seedling in the center.
- Spread the root system.
- Fill the hole to the level of the stem.
- Moisten the soil with plenty of water.
Video: Grape Transplant
Grape Care after Transplanting
Transplanting is stressful for grapes. For this reason, it is extremely important to conduct competent plant care in the first years after the procedure.
The main requirements include the following:
- watering should be plentiful, you can not leave the soil dry for a long time;
- the first 2 years you can’t let the bush form fruit ovaries;
- the use of nutritious spraying with various trace elements in the composition of 2-3 times a year is encouraged.
Features of grape transplantation of different ages
A plant at different years of life has different needs - a transplant must be carried out based on whether it is young or old.
- A young seedling at the age of 1 year is best handled with an earthen lump without clearing the rhizome from the soil.
- An older two-year-old must first be cut to 2, maximum 3 kidneys. When digging out, keep a distance of about 0.3 m from the base. The depth should be at least 0.5 m.
- First of all, a three-year shrub needs to be removed from the extra parts of the shoots, leaving only areas up to 4 buds. The diameter of the pit when digging the bush should be from 0.4 to 0.5 m. Since the rhizome of grapes at the age of 3 years has become larger in size, a depth of about 0.8 m should be maintained.
- If the bush is 4 years old or older, it can be attributed to old plants - the plant needs to be cut to 6 buds. The rhizome of such grapes is too developed, and it is difficult to get it out of the soil. When digging out, one should deviate from the stem at least 0.5 m and dig to a depth of 0.8 m. However, transplanting such a shrub can only harm him. It is most safe to move it by instillation of the layering.
Typical mistakes gardeners when transplanting
When transplanting grapes, many inexperienced growers make a number of mistakes. Among the most frequent among them are:
- lack of fertilizer in the landing pit;
- late excavation of a recess for planting;
- neglect of pruning vines and roots;
- the assumption of the formation of fruits in the first 2 years after the procedure.
Grape transplantation is a rather time-consuming process, for which you need to properly prepare. However, a vine grower who is competent in this procedure will receive shrubs that are healthy and successfully rooted in a new place.