How to transplant aloe at home correctly?
Aloe, or agave, is often grown at home, knowing about its beneficial healing and cosmetic properties. The plant is unpretentious in care, but from time to time it needs a transplant. The rules and methods of the procedure will be covered in today's article.
When can aloe be transplanted?
Transplantation is carried out either in spring or in summer. In these seasons, the plant is actively developing, full of strength, so it can quickly adapt after "moving" to a new place.
In the autumn, vegetative processes slow down, the agave prepares for a period of rest, which lasts all winter. In this regard, the plant simply does not take root, it will hurt for a long time.
It will not be able to adapt and aloe will die during a winter transplant. During the rest period, no manipulations are carried out with the plant: this is fraught with its death.
Necessary conditions for transplantation and further cultivation
Aloe under suitable conditions rapidly grows, gives a lot of side shoots. Developing, the root system fills the capacity, the roots become crowded. In addition, as the plant develops, it depletes the soil. Therefore, the transplant procedure for the agave is mandatory.
Young specimens need to change the capacity to a larger size annually for the normal development of the root system. Adult aloes are transplanted, separating the processes so that they do not take away food and moisture from the mother's bush, to form a compact form every 2-3 years. Did you know? The University of Leipzig has an Egyptian papyrus dating back to 1500 BC. e., which describes the healing properties of aloe. The growing process does not take away a lot of time and effort from the grower.
The main thing is to provide optimal conditions for normal growth and development:
- Lighting - Aloe loves sunlight, you need to place it on the windowsills on the south side. During hours of sun activity, it is advisable to shade the succulent to avoid burns;
- temperature - 20–25 ° С;
- humidity - succulent tolerates drought well, spraying is not required;
- the rest period is autumn-winter, at this time the temperature is reduced to 10–12 ° C, no manipulations are carried out.
How to start a transplant?
Just bought a plant give 2 weeks to adapt to new conditions. 2 days before the manipulation, the soil lump needs to be thoroughly moistened - this will make it easier to extract aloe from the tank.
Choosing a new tank, you need to determine the material and size.
Each material has its pros and cons:
- Plastic is easy to use and easy to clean. Material that is virtually unbreakable lasts a long time. It is not porous, so moisture lingers in the soil longer, however, the pot from it can overheat;
- clay is a natural material, porous, breathable. The roots of the plant are supplied with oxygen, but moisture evaporates faster;
- ceramics - does not evaporate moisture, but it does not overheat and does not cool.
The size of the new container should be 2-3 cm larger than the old pot.
There is one caveat here:
- roots that have broken through to the surface of the soil signal the need for a wider capacity;
- root shoots breaking through drainage holes require greater depth.
Read also how to care for a century at home.
It is advisable not to change the composition of the soil and prepare the same mixture in which the plant was before transplanting.
The optimal composition is considered as follows:
- turf land - 2 parts;
- sheet land - 1 part;
- sand - 1 part;
- humus - 0.5 parts.
Prepare and thoroughly wash the necessary tools with soda ash in advance.
You will need:
- garden shears or a sharp knife.
How to transplant aloe at home
Before starting the manipulation, prepare the material for drainage: it is gravel or expanded clay. At a plastic pot, remove any remaining plastic from the drain holes. The drainage layer is one fifth of the total volume.
This procedure is suitable for young plants, it is also used in case of diseases.
- A pre-moistened flower is carefully dumped out of the pot.
- If the procedure is due to illness, the roots must be thoroughly washed from old soil.
- The drainage layer is covered with 3-4 cm of new soil.
- The plant, supporting the trunk, is placed on a hill of soil. Spread the roots and cover with the remaining amount of land.
- About 2 cm are left from the edge of the pot to the surface of the soil.
- They press the soil with their hands and water the plant under the root.
- The first 3 days of aloe need to be kept in the shade.
Video: How to transplant aloe
The procedure is used to propagate aloe vera without transplanting, as a rule, the mother plant.
Parts of plants that do not have roots are cut from an adult bush:
- lignified tops;
- side shoots;
- The selected shoot or part of the leaf is cut with a sharp knife.
- Places of cuts are treated with crushed coal.
- The dividers are left in a dark place until the wound is healed by a film.
- After that, the planting material is cut down into the wet sand.
- After 12-14 days, the young plant will begin to grow actively, and roots will appear in it. This is a signal to change to a permanent place.
Branch and landing of the appendix
In addition to the lateral shoots, aloe well grows root processes.
Reproduction by root "children" is carried out according to this scheme:
- A shoot 5–10 cm in size with several leaves is chosen.
- A “baby” with roots is cut with a sharp knife, without taking out the mother bush from the pot.
- In case of accidental damage to the trunk or roots of the process, it is left until the fracture heals. The damage site is dusted with charcoal.
- Next, young shoots are planted in a container of suitable size, deepening the growth point by 3 mm.
The adaptation period for transplanted specimens lasts 1–1.5 months.
At this time, it is important to provide them with comfortable conditions:
- lighting - the first days after transplantation, it is better to leave the plants with diffused lighting, gradually accustoming to bright light;
- watering - the first is carried out after 2-3 days. Warm, settled water is used (22–25 ° С). Young specimens are watered once a week, adults - 2 times a month. The best option for watering is to lower the pot for a while in a container of water, then let it drain and place on a pallet;
- top dressing - introduced after watering; for young specimens - not earlier than 4-6 months after planting. Use liquid types of fertilizer for succulents (for example, “Good power”). The frequency of fertilizers is once every 2–4 weeks, depending on the nutritional value of the soil and the condition of the plant.
Why does the plant not take root?
Aloe is not a demanding plant, but errors in agricultural technology lead to problems.
When transplanting to another pot after purchase or, if necessary, inexperienced growers make a number of mistakes:
- Do not disinfect work tools and soil.
- Do not process plant sections.
- Planting material with broken roots is planted.
- Germination of processes or leaves in water is carried out.
- Immediately placed in sunlight.
- Having not sustained the adaptation period, they begin intensive watering and top dressing.
What points in growing need to be taken into account to avoid diseases:
- Aloe loves sunlight, which should be uniform, otherwise the shoots will stretch. The pot needs to be rotated regularly around its axis;
- the plant begins to hurt if it stands in a draft ;
- excessive watering leads to rotting of the roots - you need to water abundantly, but rarely. Excess water from the pan must be drained;
- spraying is not carried out, you can only wipe the leaves with a damp cloth;
- water for irrigation should not be cold, chlorinated water must be defended;
- fresh organic (manure, droppings) is detrimental to the flower ;
- after the flower falls, the peduncles must be removed .
Having familiarized with the rules of growing and transplanting the agave, the gardener will be able to avoid problems with rooting and flower development. A healthy plant is not only pleasing to the eye, it can also be useful for medicinal purposes.