How to prune roses for the winter

Many beginning gardeners are interested in how to make a winter shelter for a climbing rose. Since this plant tolerates low temperatures well, it can be kept outdoors and simply covered with the help of special devices. Let us describe in more detail how to do this and what materials will be needed.

How to cover a climbing rose for the winter

In the cold period of time, it is extremely important to take care of the shelter of the wintering plant. To do this, you need to decide when to start the procedure and what materials to use. We describe in more detail the whole process.

When to start

For shelter equipment, it is better to choose a day on which precipitation is not expected. This must be done no earlier than when the cold sets in and the temperature drops to -5 ... -10 ° C.

However, in different regions, the onset of this period falls on different autumn months. In any case, if the air temperature suddenly rises again, the rose will need to be untangled to avoid the greenhouse effect.

Important! Preparing to shelter roses for the winter is necessary in advance. So, already at the end of August, the loosening of the soil was stopped, watering the plants and the application of fertilizers containing nitrogen.

The better to cover

During the selection of material for shelter, it is necessary to take into account the fact that it should not only protect the plant from winter frosts, but also protect it from the penetration of daylight and broken branches. In addition, the bush should be protected from the appearance of diseases and pests, and for this it is better to protect it from moisture, which can lead to rot.

The most common way to shelter a given plant is air-dry. Its essence is to create shields in the shape of a roof. Visually, the design is not complicated, but you should carefully approach the choice of materials from which it will be made.

So, for this you can use:

  • fir spruce branches;
  • Styrofoam;
  • roofing material;
  • hay;
  • expanded clay;
  • burlap;
  • oak foliage;
  • canvas;
  • mandrel, etc.

Lapnik and oak foliage are excellent for sheltering roots, and burlap for warming on a support. You can also use a plastic film to cover the entire plant.

Important! It should not be forgotten that the presence of air space between roses and a shelter is extremely important to prevent the greenhouse effect.


In order for roses to successfully winter, it is necessary to adhere to several rules for their shelter:

  1. Begin preparation in advance, before the onset of autumn cold.
  2. To get started, remove the rose from the support to which it is attached.
  3. Remove old leaves and shoots.
  4. Treat the plant with copper sulfate (3%).
  5. Twist the leaves and bend down.
  6. Spread poison under the bush to kill rodents.
  7. Lay cover material on the lash.
  8. Cover the entire plant completely.

Do I need to cut climbing roses for the winter

Before covering a climbing rose, it should be pruned. In addition to removing dry leaves, shoots and flowers, it is necessary to shorten the plant by 1/3. This will contribute to the further growth and flowering of the plant, facilitate the process of its shelter and serve as a prophylaxis of the appearance of diseases.

Did you know? The largest rose in the world is a flower of the variety called Lady Banks, growing in Arizona. The plant covers an area of ​​up to 740and has a crown girth of 3.7 m. So, for pruning, it is necessary to prepare a well-sharpened and disinfected pruner with a solution of potassium permanganate. At a distance of 5 mm above the kidney, a cut is performed at an angle of 45 °. In addition, shoots, flowers and dead leaves with stems are removed. The top is cut off by about 10-15 cm. Those shoots that did not have time to mature can become carriers of diseases, therefore they are also recommended to get rid of them. But if your rose has been growing for more than a year, you should not prune its stems too close to the ground, as this will make flowering more difficult next year.

Video: Pruning and priginivanie climbing roses for the winter

Although pruning is a rather time-consuming process, the plant still needs it, as a guarantee of subsequent flowering. After you get rid of all unnecessary processes, treat all places of the slices with a solution of copper sulfate (100 g of a one percent preparation for 10 liters of water).

Did you know? The oldest rose in the world is considered to be a thousand-year-old bush growing in Germany, reaching 10 m in height. Preparing a climbing rose for wintering will not cause much trouble if you carefully study the timing and methods of shelter. So, if you take timely measures to care for the plant, as well as prune it and take care of a reliable shelter, you can extend its life and subsequently enjoy a long and plentiful flowering.

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