How to properly grow geese for meat at home

Growing geese for meat is a cost-effective business in a market economy. Goose - one of the few farm birds that can find their own food on their own with a paddle and a small pond. The possibility of small investments and making a profit in a short time are the main incentives for the farmer who started breeding geese.

Important! The feather is pulled out in the direction of growth, capturing in small bundles. The technique helps preserve the carcass presentation.

Goose Breeding Benefits

If there is a small body of water on the plot, you need to start a business for breeding and growing geese for meat. The presence of a good barn, paddock and a dug container with water is also sufficient with proper care and a balanced diet.

The main benefits of the enterprise:

  • quick profit: cultivation takes 3-4 months;
  • in the summer months, open water and free range in the meadow waterfowl will provide themselves 80% of the supply;
  • goose meat is in stable demand in the market, in restaurants, supermarkets, which guarantees profitable sales;
  • fluff, feather, poultry liver can be implemented additionally, that is, a waste-free enterprise;
  • goose droppings - an excellent fertilizer for garden crops, corn, cereals.
The goose growing business is not complicated and profitable even for beginner farmers.

Important! When choosing a breed, they monitor the most common in the region. Waterfowl are already acclimatized to local conditions, the risk of death of young animals is reduced.

What breeds are suitable

Starting an agricultural business for growing meat geese, the main question is to determine the breed. More than twenty known "heavy" species of geese give you the opportunity to choose, depending on the task: a small number with a large weight or a large number with a weight of 4-5 kg.

Common breeds:

  1. Kholmogorskaya breed (Kholmogory). They quickly gain weight, have good immunity, and rarely get sick. They tolerate cold well. Unpretentious in nutrition. The presence of pasture - 90% of the herd's nutrition during the summer months. Kholmogorka goose is a great mother and hen. The disadvantages include low egg production and slow development without a reservoir.

  2. Tula geese. Undemanding in care and nutrition. Healthy meat, with a uniform layer of fat. Durable, disease resistant. The disadvantage is slow growth and low weight (5-6 kg). Get along badly with other breeds.

  3. Lindovsky geese. Now - one of the most common breeds. Bred in Russia. In five months it builds up weight to 7 kg, in a year - 11 kg. Dietary properties of meat. Good viability of goslings and egg laying of geese (one egg per day). High adaptation to weather conditions. The minuses include - the mandatory presence of a reservoir for rapid growth and preservation of breed indicators, spring vitamin deficiency.

  4. Legart of Denmark. Bred in Denmark. They gain weight in a short time: in two months the gosling grows by 5–6 kg. The main diet is grass, which saves feed costs. Resistant to disease, adapt quickly, tolerate temperature extremes. They are distinguished by a calm complaisant character. Extra income comes from the collection of fluff: you can pinch a goose at the age of one year, then get quality fluff every two months. The disadvantages include low egg production, weak immunity of goslings, the high cost of purebred chicks.

  5. Large gray. The title contains the main parameters: gray plumage, geese build up mass in a short time: at two months of age - 4–5 kg, adults - 9–10 kg. Adapted to cold weather, unpretentious to food. They differ in egg production - up to 45 pcs. in season, ducklings yield - 60–70%.

  6. Kuban. They are characterized by good egg production, rapid weight gain and resistance to disease. Easy breed: adult poultry weighs up to 6 kg, gosling 2 months old - 3–3.5 kg. High rates of egg production (80–85 eggs) and chick yield (80%). Having sold eggs and goslings, they receive additional income. Light weight and a grayish tint of meat are among the shortcomings of the breed.

  7. Chinese breed. Refers to light meat. The weight of two-month-old youngsters reaches 3–3.5 kg. Adult male - 5-6 kg. The dietary properties of meat, almost without fat, are highly appreciated by connoisseurs. Extra income will bring eggs (100-120 pcs. Per year). The "Chinese" are not picky about food, but they require a warm room without drafts, they can not tolerate cold weather.

Starting a goose growing business, the first purchase of goslings is best done from well-known breeders experienced with their own maternal herd. When buying, parents are required to be vaccinated: hepatitis, paratyphoid, gastroenteritis. When buying young animals, they also specify the availability of vaccinations. Chicks are selected active, with dry tummies, a clean, slightly harsh fluff. A sign of a daily gosling is an egg tooth on its beak. The litter should not contain mucus, traces of blood, particles of undigested food.

Eggs with a brood hen

The egg-laying period of the goose ends with the incubation of the chicks. A caring mother carefully covers the nest with down, flips the eggs for even heating, covers them, leaving the nest for feeding.

Signs of bird sitting on eggs:

  • almost constantly sits in a nest, leaving only to eat;
  • the nest is covered with feathers, the bird burying the “under eggs” with feathers.

After making sure that the goska has “settled down”, you can lay eggs for brooding. The best time is late evening, the bird is preparing for bed, will calmly react to the procedure, and in the morning will get used to masonry. The nest is located separately from the gander and the main herd.

Important! Geese are loyal to the couple. A goose that has lost a male may not incubate eggs for several years.

In the presence of several brood hens, they are separated by partitions to avoid "theft" of eggs from each other. Otherwise, geese can break most of the eggs by rolling from nest to nest, or supercool them: the female is able to heat no more than fifteen eggs in one clutch. Goose is a very caring mother.

Egg hatching lasts four weeks, during this period you need to carefully monitor and care for the brood hen:

  • lift from the feeding slot. Often the bird is so caring that it forgets about its own food;
  • the ration of the brood consists of the best grain, dry food;
  • install a small container with clean water near the nest, change daily;
  • raise the goose every day for half an hour for walking and swimming. Install a bathing tank near the feeding place, otherwise the anxious mother will run to the nest, not replenishing her strength.

On the eleventh day, during a goose’s walk, culling of unfertilized eggs is carried out: they are highlighted with an ovoscope, determining the presence of the embryo. Otherwise, the “laden” egg may explode from heating in the nest, staining and spoiling the rest of the clutch.

On the twenty-eighth day, plus or minus one to two days, goslings hatch. Immediately from the brood hen they are not taken, the chicks must warm up and dry. The shell is removed from the nest. In the case of complex biting, the nestling can be a little help: remove pieces of the shell at the biting site. If traces of blood are found, discontinue. Having placed the kids in the box, they are heated with lamps until the last one is pecking.

After that, the goslings are planted by the mother. The goose has highly developed maternal instincts. Together with “their own”, the bird will painlessly accept the “alien” yellowhorotics, and will care for them. It should be noted that an experienced mother will do well with two or three dozen children, it is better to let only ten or twelve babies into a young mother hen.

Did you know? A couple of days before the hatching, the goslings “talk” with the brood hen if the egg is supercooled or overheated.

For two days, mom and chicks are not allowed to go outside, even in very warm times. They are kept in a dry, warm room, they monitor the nutrition of the mother and the behavior of the offspring until it gets stronger. The instinct for brooding in different breeds is different. Well sown on eggs Large gray, Kuban, Tula breed. The hen from the Chinese, Legart, will not work. Incubators are used to breed these geese.

Eggs in an incubator

An effective way to get viable offspring is to lay eggs in an incubator.

When choosing eggs, the main indicators are taken into account:

  • weight and size. The larger the eggs, the larger the chicks. Of the large eggs, the chicks hatch later, there is a risk of overexposure, which will lead to dehydration of the goslings. Before laying eggs are sorted by size. Calibration will reduce the percentage of offspring. The bookmark is made in three groups: large - medium - small with a distance of 5-8 hours;
  • the form. The correct ellipse, without concavities, "belts" and growths, is a sign of quality. There is a difference between a blunt and sharp end;
  • surface. The shell should be even, smooth, without damage. The color is uniform. Marble stains are a sign of uneven pigment. Experienced poultry farmers say: the darker the color, the better offspring;
  • quality protein and yolk. The parameter is checked by an ovoscope. The yolk is located in the center of the egg. The air chamber is at the dull end. The presence of large air chambers (more than 9 mm) is the reason for rejection: the egg was stored for a long time;
  • external pollution. A clean egg is the key to healthy goslings. Abundant dirt on the surface indicates unsanitary conditions of the herd, possible diseases, high mortality of the offspring.
It is better to buy eggs for laying from owners who have long bred geese, have a healthy herd with a high percentage of geese, or collect them yourself.

Important! The collected eggs are placed horizontally, you do not need to wash them before laying.

Growing

Unpretentious to the weather, conditions of detention and food, domestic waterfowl grow quickly and weigh 2–3.5 kg by two months. By this time, poultry meat is gaining the necessary nutritional qualities, juicy and soft, easily amenable to heat treatment. It has the highest market value. Mixed feeding of poultry (greens and grain) allows for later slaughter.

They determine how much to individually grow a bird for slaughter, but in this case it is not worth keeping it for more than 5 months: the meat will become stiff, it will be harder to realize, the cost will increase, which will significantly reduce the profitability of the enterprise. The time of slaughter of the bird is determined by the absence of hemp of new feathers after natural molting. To check, you need to hold your palm against the growth of the pen, by touch, determining the presence of hemp.

Did you know? Domestic goose is a long-liver, can live up to 30 years.

Care for goslings in the early days of life

The first decade for goslings without a hen is the most crucial period, especially for beginners.

The main points of caring for babies:

  1. The device housing. The room should be warm, without drafts. Temperature - + 27 ° ... + 29 ° C, area of ​​1 m² per 10 goslings, as large litter as litter. Along the back wall is a place for chicks to rest, on the opposite wall there are feeders and drinking bowls. Heating and adequate lighting (up to 20 hours a day) will provide an infrared lamp.

  2. Food. Goslings should be crumbly, sticky food can get into the airways of the chicks. Bone meal, low-fat cottage cheese, eggs are an essential feed for young goslings. On the first day, babies are given only a steeply boiled egg mixed with a small amount of water. Starting from the second day, you can gradually mix crushed grain, preferably corn, gradually introduce crushed barley and wheat into the diet. You need to feed the babies every three hours. On the second day, greens are introduced into the food: chopped nettles, feather of young onions, Beijing cabbage, young salad. Greens make up half the amount of feed. The main rule - the grass should be juicy and fresh.

  3. Walking and swimming. Starting from the third day, the kids are released for a walk, even if they grow up with a hen and the weather is sunny. In cold windy weather, goslings are best left in the barn: unpretentious chicks are afraid of drafts and cold. For swimming in the courtyard goslings set a small tank with water. It is necessary to ensure that the kids do not get outbid. The goose mother knows perfectly how much the chicks need to be in the water, without it, they need to send the kids to a dry room after 30 minutes.

  4. Vaccinations. The first vaccination is from salmonellosis: on the third day after birth, if the parents were not vaccinated; on the 10th - if an adult herd was vaccinated. The second vaccination is mandatory against viral enteritis, otherwise the whole herd may fall. The vaccine is given a live vaccine on the 28th day after birth. To prevent colibacteriosis, for the first three days, babies are given a drink instead of water: a propionic acidophilus broth culture in a proportion of 10 ml of water and 1 ml of the drug. Without vaccination, breeding geese carries a risk of disease in the whole herd in a short time.

Care in the first weeks

Goslings grow quickly and adapt to living conditions.

Did you know? An excellent hearing of geese allows you to hear in a radius of 50 m.

Experienced poultry farmers advise how to raise healthy chicks without the risk of mortality in the first month:

  • after a week, reduce the number of feeds to six, increasing servings by a third. Shredded peas, boiled potatoes, carrots are introduced into the diet, knead on yogurt or skim milk. Add fish oil. Drinking water is constantly replenished. The main amount of vitamins chicks get from fresh herbs, which makes up half the volume of feed of goslings in this period.
  • In warm weather, goslings are expelled into the yard for the whole day. Determine how long the goslings bathe, by plumage: until the main feather has appeared - no more than 20 minutes without a break. The fluff of the kids gets wet quickly, the chicks are cold and sick.

Care after the first month

Four-week-old goslings are covered with real feathers, after a month they can be driven out into the pond, diet - in the morning and evening. Being outdoors all day, young growth finds food on its own: greens, bugs, midges make up the diet of adolescents, nourish the body with vitamins. On the water, geese get stronger physically, quickly gaining mass. When grown in a pen, feeding is carried out three times. 60% of the volume is greenery, in the drinking bowls there should always be clean water. They dig in a large swimming tank, compensating for the lack of a natural reservoir.

Did you know? Tibetan monks consider the goose to be the embodiment of the god Shiva, the ancient Romans considered the cinquefoil to be the favorite of the war god Mars.

Arrangement of a crawler

Domestic geese - unpretentious housing bird. Starting the construction of the premises, you need to think about how many waterfowl are planned to be settled: one bird per 1 square meter. Otherwise, gas contamination and dirt will lead to the spread of diseases and the death of the whole herd.

The main parameters of the structure:

  • the orientation of the facade is the south side, an open fence is also arranged here. Height - no more than a meter, domestic geese do not fly;
  • barn height - two meters, wall thickness - 250 mm;
  • material: brick, shell rock. The walls of the boards are double, inside - a layer of insulation. Wooden doors for the winter are insulated on both sides;
  • long daylight hours for geese are a condition for good appetite and growth. The walls provide for window openings of at least 15% of the wall area, inside - lighting. If you plan to hatch offspring. Separate fences are reserved for geese. The room for young animals is equipped with infrared lamps;
  • floor - 200–250 mm above ground level, wooden, with a slope for better drainage of slurry. The litter is arranged from sawdust, straw, hay - not less than 0.5 m, they are changed according to the degree of pollution as often as possible in order to avoid the development of bacteria and parasites;
  • the ceiling is two-layer plank or plywood, with a layer of insulation. The roof is pitched, the attic is used to store equipment or hay, straw;
  • proper ventilation is an important condition for the construction of the crawler. Holes with a diameter of 5–8 cm are made under the ceiling, for the winter they are covered with a mixture of clay and sawdust to avoid drafts. Airing the premises in the cold period - through the open door;
  • drinkers are installed on the side wall. Waterfowl drink a lot, the supply needs to be replenished constantly, the water should be clean, at room temperature;
  • feeders - of sufficient length so that there is no crush: 25-30 cm per bird. The sides of the feeder are raised to a height of 10-15 cm to avoid the spread of food;
  • in the barn maintain a temperature not lower than + 20 ° С, after the offspring - + 27 ° ... + 30 ° С.

Learn more about how to make do-it-yourself nests for geese.

Conditions for keeping and feeding

Fattening geese for meat is not a complicated matter. Waterfowl are unpretentious to feed; they are omnivores with a few exceptions. By properly balancing the diet and feed composition, profits from the sale of delicious dietary meat are obtained in both winter and summer.

In summer

In the summer, when there is a pond and a green range, waterfowl will provide themselves with good nutrition for the whole day: bugs, worms, greens in the meadow, duckweed, young reeds, algae in the pond will provide 80% of the daily diet. Morning and evening feeding consists of grain mixtures. Wet mixers from compound feed - an additional stimulator of growth.

Own garden - a source of food for geese. Зрелые огурцы, кабачки, кормовая свёкла подойдут в качестве корма на протяжении дня, если птица растёт в загоне. Обязательно обеспечить гусей зелёной массой из крапивы, одуванчиков, тысячелистника, для лучшего переваривания пищи в загородку насыпают гравий, песок.

Утром и вечером дают варёный картофель, лучшее зерно: дроблёную кукурузу, пшеницу, ячмень. Сухой корм гусям дают редко. Зерновые смеси. Комбикорма увлажняют водой, простоквашей. Ёмкости с водой должны быть всегда наполнены: взрослая птица выпивает до 2 л в день.

Read also what and how to properly feed goslings at home.

In winter

В холодную пору нужно поддерживать правильное питание гусей на откорме:

  • трёхразовый режим питания, в одно и то же время, чтобы выработать рефлекс;
  • обеспечить постоянное присутствие тёплой чистой воды в поилках;
  • рацион: калорийные зерновые смеси, увлажнённые комбикорма. Тёртая кормовая свёкла, тыква, варёный картофель, заготовленная зелень, силос — лакомства, любимые гусями. Варёные бобовые, шрот, жмых пополнят запасы белка;
  • в качестве витаминной добавки используют хвою, она повысит и яйценоскость;
  • чтобы предотвратить авитаминоз, проводят дрожжевание кормов: зерно на ночь замачивают раствором тёплой воды и пекарских дрожжей. Водоплавающие во время кормления получат молочную кислоту.

Как зарубить и ощипать гуся

Три месяца — возраст забоя гусей. Вес птицы — 4–4, 5 кг, сальная прослойка умеренная, диетические показатели отвечают рыночным требованиям.

Правильная схема забоя:

  1. Чтобы очистить зоб и кишечник, прекращают кормление за 10 часов, дают пить подсоленную воду для увеличения сроков хранения мяса и сохранения вкусовых качеств. Назначенную на убой птицу отделяют от стада, подготовку лучше провести в ночное время или затемнить помещение днём.
  2. Для забоя птицу помещают в конус или мешок, вытащив голову наружу и подвесив птицу вверх лапами.
  3. Существует два способа забить гуся: наружный и внутренний. При наружном способе прокалывают горло ниже уха на 0, 5 см, резким движением перерезают сонную артерию и яремную вену.
  4. Для внутреннего забоя используют ножницы с острыми краями, хорошо отточенные. Вводят инструмент в открытый клюв глубоко, резким движением пересекают артерию и вену.
  5. Гусь находится в подвешенном состоянии, пока не стечёт вся кровь, иначе мясо быстро портится, теряет вкусовые качества.

Вам будет интересно узнать, как легко и быстро ощипать гуся в домашних условиях.

Ощипывают гуся сухим способом (эффективный только сразу после забоя) или способом ошпаривания. Порядок ощипывания идентичный. Но при втором методе птицу ошпаривают в кипящей воде, после этого перо лучше вытаскивается, становится мягче. Ощипывают по порядку: крупные перья на крыльях, хвосте, мелкое перо и пух, переходят к шее, ногам, грудке.

Breeding geese as a business

Бизнес по разведению гусей — дело хлопотное, но выгодное.

Главные преимущества предприятия:

  • пара гусей за сезон принесёт прибыль, эквивалентную восьмимесячному поросёнку;
  • минимальные затраты на питание: основная еда домашней птицы — зелёный корм (80%), наличие соседнего луга или возможность заготовки травы самостоятельно принесут отличную экономию вложений и прибыль на приросте веса;
  • реализовать можно не только мясо: печень, пух пользуются стабильным спросом на рынке;
  • короткие сроки получения дохода: вес гусёнка за два месяца увеличивается в 45 раз, при затрате на корма и уход рентабельность составит 115%;
  • дополнительный бонус — экологически чистое удобрение: помёт птицы поднимет плодородность земли в 1, 5 раза.

Рекомендуем вам узнать о разведении гусей как бизнес.

Выгода от разведения и выращивания мясных пород гусей очевидна: получение стабильно высокой прибыли и обеспечение семьи свежим качественным диетическим мясом.

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