How to propagate roses by cuttings at home
Flower growers have long been thinking about how to propagate elegant roses by the cuttings method. There have been many attempts, but only a few have been successful. About when it is better to make cuttings, as well as what methods exist for growing roses from cuttings, and will be described below.
When is better to cut roses
The first question that arises before the grower: when to plant cuttings to get strong, healthy roses.
Did you know? In Japan, an interesting variety of roses "Chameleon". During the day, flowers delight with a bright red tint, and at night they change color to snow-white.
The optimal period is June-July, during the budding phase, when the shoots are only slightly lignified. If the cuttings start earlier, the solid will be unripe. At the next stage, the awakening of the kidneys begins, and all the forces of the plant will go to their development, and not to the formation of the root system.
In addition, in the summer, roses take root faster and grow rapidly.
Some gardeners advise cutting in the fall, after pruning. This is explained simply: the plant prepares for a dormant period and accumulates nutrients to the maximum.
How to cut rose cuttings
When preparing the material adhere to such rules:
- the original plant must be strong and healthy;
- the stem from which the material for grafting is taken should not be more than 0.5 mm, the ideal option is the middle part of the shoot;
- stems are trimmed 15–25 cm long.
Slices are done carefully - with a garden pruner or with sharp scissors.
Important! To prevent infections, it is advisable to treat the instrument with an antiseptic.
The lower part of the scion is cut at an angle of 45 ° between a pair of leaves, and the upper part is 90 ° (that is, without a slope), no higher than 8–10 mm from the last sheet.
All thorns and almost all leaves are removed from the handle, only 2-3 of the top leaves are left.
It will also be useful for you to learn how to grow roses from seeds properly.
Methods of rooting cuttings
There are several tricks that are used for grafting rose cuttings.
In the package
One of the most affordable ways. The lower part of the stems is placed in plastic bags, in which a substrate or moistened sphagnum moss was previously poured. For hydration, it is advisable to use aloe juice diluted with water (concentration - 1: 9).
The root system will begin to develop in a month. After this, roses can be planted.
To use this original method, prepared cuttings and young potatoes are taken, from which the eyes are removed.
Important! Potatoes contain many useful substances (simple carbohydrates, including powdery ones) and are a good breeding ground for scions, so seedlings do not need to be additionally fed.
In the future, the stems are regularly watered and fed with sugar water every 5-7 days. To do this, prepare syrup - 2 teaspoons per glass of water.
After 12-14 days, the containers are removed for a short time, and after another 2 weeks removed for good.
In the ground
You can root the seedling directly on the site, having prepared for this soil mixture, consisting of large river sand and nutrient land. The temperature in the street should be + 23 ... + 26 ° C during the day and + 17 ... + 20 ° C at night.
After 13-14 days, every day for some time the shelter is raised, and after a couple of weeks completely removed.
After 25-30 days, the cuttings will take root, and a new shoot will form from the kidney. By autumn, they will grow to 30–40 cm.
Important! If buds appear on young sprouts, they must be nipped so that the immature rose does not spend energy on flowering, but strengthens its root system.
In autumn, young plants should be dug up with an earthen lump and left for storage in a cool room.
- The described method has its advantages:
- space saving;
- grown roses are planted with an earthen lump, which allows you to save the root system;
- the absence of roots is determined by the color of the handle - it turns black.
This is the easiest trick. For each cutlery, a small container is prepared - the size of a glass. First, it is filled into 2/3 of the settled (but not boiled) water, and then the stem is placed there. A root can be added to the water.
Within 30 days, the roots will appear on the handle. If they did not appear, planting material is thrown away.
It is possible to transfer a rose to the soil only after the roots have grown to a size of 2-3 cm.
- The advantages of this method:
- each stalk has its own capacity, and nutrition from the solution is more affordable;
- in clear water it is easier to control root growth;
- cuttings when planting in the ground root better.
Did you know? If you cross two fragrant roses, you get a hybrid either without a fragrance or with a faint smell.
Most often, inexperienced flower growers when cutting roses do not get the desired result.
- Unripe buds on the handle . If a bud is barely visible when the leaf is removed in the bosom, such a seedling is unlikely to take root. You should choose a material on which the kidneys look like dense grains.
- Too dense landing . If you place the cuttings at a short distance, there is a threat of their decay. It is better to arrange the seedlings so that they do not come into contact with each other or with shelter.
- Wrong material choice . Some are trying to root roses that have come to us from other regions. The result is unattainable due to the fact that the flowers are treated with drugs to extend the shelf life, that is, as a result we get a stalk that cannot be revived.
The choice of the technique for grafting roses does not depend on the desire of the grower, but on the growing conditions and variety. But with confidence we can say that if you follow the recommendations of specialists, in almost any case, you can get decorative plants that will transform your garden.