How to plant a rose on a dogrose
Roses are plants that are not easy to grow on a personal plot. They are capricious, they require a warm microclimate enriched with useful soil nutrients. Therefore, if the cultivation of roses does not give the expected result, then their grafting on the dogrose may be the solution. Vaccination technology is not particularly difficult, its observance allows you to get a luxurious rose garden.
Can I plant a rose on a dogrose
Often roses are subject to growth retardation, their bushes freeze, the buds that appear cease to bloom, the stems are subject to disease. To avoid such manifestations, the rose should be grafted onto a dogrose, which is its distant wild relative, feeling fine in more severe conditions of detention and does not require special care. It should be characterized by excellent health and have a developed root. Did you know? Grade "C" - the smallest roses the size of a grain of rice. Also, in especially capricious and demanding varieties of roses, you can vaccinate on not so whimsical varieties. With the right combination of varieties for vaccination, roses begin to bloom even in conditions that are not quite suitable for this.
When is the best time to do this?
The most optimal period for grafting roses on the stem is spring, when the first leaves and shoots are formed on the plants. Young stems before vaccination should not begin to grow rapidly. Bushes should not be disturbed during the rest of the kidneys.
You can plant roses in the summer, especially in July-August, when juice is actively circulating in the bushes, which helps the cuttings to take root more productively. Young shoots during this period fade and can serve as a scion.
It is possible to plant roses in the winter season - in February. But at this time, the engraftment of cuttings is worse, and the process itself is quite complicated and time-consuming. Because of this, vaccination is rarely used in winter.
Before conducting a quality vaccination, some preparatory measures need to be taken. You need to prepare both a scion and a stock. A rosehip bush suitable for inoculation should be preliminarily watered abundantly for a week, this procedure should be carried out with particular care the day before the proposed inoculation. This will help increase the movement of juice.
Important! A healthy rosehip with a developed root under the age of 3 years is best suited for stock. The neck of the root should be up to 1 cm thick. The bark of the plant should be characterized by maturity and exfoliate from the base.
The rosehip bush needs to be dug up, the root carefully removed from the ground and wiped. The top layer should be light. After this, the dogrose is ready for vaccination.
Next you need to prepare a rose. To do this, choose a suitable site on a sufficiently matured stem with non-blooming buds and cut the stalk in the middle part of the branch with a length of approximately 5 cm. In this case, move the knife, which should be sharp and clean, should be quickly, sharply and towards you. Next, carefully remove the leaves and thorns so as not to harm the kidney.
Cuttings should be thinner than those prepared for inoculation of the processes of wild rose. They can also be obtained from a bouquet of roses. It is recommended to store cuttings prepared for grafting in a damp cloth, and all work related to grafting is best done in dry weather.
Important! The graft should be characterized by the smoothness and luster of the bark, and also have 2-3 developed kidneys. Only then will he be vaccinated successfully. Cutting cuttings is recommended in the morning to preserve the juice.
How to plant a rose: step by step instructions
Vaccination of roses on rose hips takes place in several stages, compliance with which will help to obtain a high-quality result:
- Selection and preparation of stock.
- Select and cut scion.
- A horizontal incision should be made above the selected kidney in the handle; a couple of centimeters below, cut the bark with the second kidney.
- The wood under the bark is removed, it should be slightly near the kidney.
- A T-shaped incision should be made on the root neck, making two incisions with the formation of the tongue, and then carefully bend the edges of the incised part.
- The graft is shortened so that it can be placed under the bark.
- The graft is placed in an incision from top to bottom so that the kidney is outside, and the bark of the handle is under the bark of the neck of the stock.
- Fix the neck with the handle using tape or plastic film on top and bottom of the kidney so that the eye remains uncoiled.
- Cover the grafted part with a layer of earth and water.
- After 3 weeks, you should check: if the kidney is green, then the vaccine is a success, if it has darkened and dried up, the attempt must be repeated.
- If the result is positive, you should remove the insulating tape and cover the kidney with earth until spring, when it begins to grow.
Video: how to plant a rose on a dogrose
In order for the grafted roses to grow and develop better, they need proper care:
- The first 7 days, the plant needs abundant watering.
- The earth should be loosened, removed weeds, monitor pests.
- If the vaccination was successful, young shoots should appear by autumn, which need to be spudded for winter, sprinkled, tamped or placed on a rose shelter, in spring the plant should be opened.
- Next fall, an annual plant can be planted in a permanent place. Did you know? To obtain 1 kg of one of the most expensive oils - pink, it is necessary to use up to 3 tons of petals of these colors.
- At the base of the dogrose, many young wild shoots can grow, which can later drown the bush, so they must be removed at the root so that no stumps remain.
- The following year, in the spring, the grafted part of the bush needs to be cut to one bud.
- After 2-3 weeks, the buds should wake up, the bush will begin to grow, and as soon as 3 leaves appear on it, the top should be clipped.
- The main thing in caring for a grafted rose is the formation of a bush, characterized by splendor and sprawl.
Common mistakes gardeners
Often, gardeners roses do not take root, do not bloom, get sick, wither. In most cases, the causes of such negative phenomena are the same.
We advise you to get acquainted with different varieties of roses:
Typical errors include:
- the wrong choice of planting material, which does not take into account the health of shoots and the presence of a developed root system;
- drying of the root before planting;
- the choice for planting a shaded, cold, wet place with acidic soil;
- a large penetration of the grafting site into the soil contributes to poor engraftment, and insufficient planting depth leads to the formation of wild processes;
- high density of planting rose bushes leads to diseases and pests;
- insufficient compacting of the soil around the planted bush does not allow the roots to catch enough on it;
- when growing, untimely and improper removal of wilted flowers gives the plant a message not to bloom, but to prepare for wintering;
- improper pruning of bushes: ignoring the obligatory pinching of young shoots in the first year of growing and removing “blind” shoots, which can increase the number of buds;
- watering rose bushes by sprinkling, which does not guarantee normal saturation with moisture and contributes to the emergence of pathogens; Important! It is recommended to stop top dressing of rose bushes in September so that they normally begin wintering. Hush rose bushes for the winter should be up to a height of 30 cm.
- too frequent watering of rose bushes;
- lack of nitrogen in the soil causes loss of leaf color, calcium - weakening and dying of leaves, phosphorus - delay the development of plants;
- an excess of nitrogen leads to a softening of the stem, a decrease in the intensity of bud formation, the occurrence of fungal diseases, phosphorus - to metabolic disorders, poor absorption of iron, calcium - to a delay in development.
- early they begin to spud peat, which, when a thaw occurs, can contribute to the beginning of the growth of a rose bush;
- excessive pruning in the first period of cultivation, which can cause the formation of wild growth and the degeneration of the plant into wild rose;
- the presence of leaves on the bushes before sheltering them for the winter may contribute to the occurrence of fungal infections and mold.
When to plant grafted roses
With a successful vaccination, rose bushes should have their own shoots by next fall. It is during this period that they need to be dug up, pruned and transplanted with grafted roses to a permanent place of cultivation.
Roses are amazing and unique in their beauty flowers. Therefore, every gardener would like to see them in his flowerbed. And often a rosehip vaccine is a reliable way to get the expected result. The main thing in this matter is to get acquainted with all the nuances of the procedure. And then the blooming rose garden will definitely please the eye.