How to make wine from white grapes

White grape wine can not only be bought in a store, but also made at home. Choosing a suitable grape variety and following the recipe exactly, even a beginner winemaker can afford a delicious grape drink. How to quickly prepare the juice and whether they make ice wine with their own hands, as well as answers to other questions on home winemaking are presented below.

Properties of white grape wine

White wine has been made since the days of Ancient Rome, where it was appreciated not only as a delicious, fun-filled drink, but also for its many beneficial properties. Modern medicine also does not exclude the positive effect of moderate doses of grape wine on the human body, with the exception of pregnant women and children. The use of wine for medicinal purposes is called enotherapy.

Benefit

Studies have shown the presence of many vitamins and aminoxylots in wine, which support important processes in the human body.

  • Moderate drinking allows you to:
  • improve metabolism and heart function;
  • strengthen the vascular system;
  • fight infectious diseases and poisoning;
  • improve memory and condition of cerebral vessels;
  • increase your appetite.
Although the amount of antioxidants in white varieties is inferior to red, they are better absorbed by the body. Important! According to the recommendations of doctors, a serving of white wine per day should not exceed 120 ml.

Harm and contraindications

The content of ethanol in the drink leads to negative consequences with uncontrolled use, as well as with many diagnosed diseases. Ethanol has toxic and narcotic effects, it increases the risk of heart disease and diabetes.

  • Contraindications for use by an adult are:
  • alcoholism and depression;
  • coronary heart disease;
  • hypertension;
  • pancreatitis
  • elevated blood triglycerides;
  • pregnancy and lactation.

The best grapes for white wine

Most white grapes are suitable for making wine. You can also use pink or dark grapes with moderate acidity and light juice. Did you know? French scientist Louis Pasteur, founder of modern immunology and microbiology, said that "wine is the healthiest hygienic drink." The best varieties are:

  1. Chardonnay is grown in Europe, South and North America, Australia and Africa and is often called the “king” of white varieties. It has a high juice content and is considered one of the best technical varieties, also good for blending. Chardonnay drink can be of different strengths and sweets.

  2. Sauvignon Blanc is a universal technical variety that is distributed across all wine countries. It has a high acidity and taste, depending on the place of growth.

  3. Aligoté is common in France and Eastern Europe. The wine has a fresh taste and is consumed young. It is well manifested in combination with other varieties.

  4. The best Riesling is grown in Germany, also this technical variety is cultivated in France, Austria and Hungary, Argentina and the USA. It has high acidity and can be stored for a long time. Suitable for both dry and very sweet drinks.

  5. White nutmeg is cultivated in the southern regions of Europe, in Australia, South Africa and the USA. One of the oldest varieties is valued for its natural sweetness and rich aroma, suitable for sweet wines.

When and how to pick grapes

Bunches for winemaking are collected a little overripe, later red varieties. Thus, the maximum sugar content in the juice is achieved. Grapes must be harvested on a sunny afternoon in order to get more yeast on the surface of the berries, which causes natural fermentation. After rain, it is necessary to wait 2-3 days before harvesting, so that the skin is covered again with fungus.

The collected clusters are cleaned of spoiled berries and immediately used, because white varieties quickly rot.

Did you know? According to special rules, only 7 grape varieties can be used to make real champagne. Most often, a sparkling drink is made from Chardonnay, Pinot Ménier and Pinot Noir.

How to make white grape wine at home

The preparation of any recipe should begin with the preparation of the correct packaging.

For this, containers of the following materials are suitable:

  • glass or ceramic;
  • enameled or wooden utensils;
  • stainless steel tanks.
The selected containers must be thoroughly washed. Wooden objects are additionally fumigated with sulfur.

The next step in the step-by-step instruction is also general. From the grapes harvested, it is necessary to obtain juice, which will be the basis of the future drink ("must"). Unwashed berries should be mashed with your own hands or with a rolling pin without damaging the bones inside.

To obtain juice, you can use special presses, combines or simple juicers. But if the seeds are crushed when squeezing the juice, the taste will be more tart.

The resulting wort must be left for 12 hours, during which time the skins and seeds will settle to the bottom, and the color will become more transparent.

The settled liquid is drained with a hose or siphon into a clean container for fermentation. On average, from 1 kg of grapes it turns out to make up to 750 ml of juice. Important! So that the wort does not ferment during sedimentation, fumigation of the container with sulfur wicks is used.

Dry wine

For classic dry wine, technical varieties without a nutmeg aroma are used.

After the settling step, proceed as follows:

  1. The bottle is filled with 2/3 liquid. If desired, sulfur dioxide is added at the rate of 0.5–1 g per 10 l of juice. Such an additive provides protection against possible diseases and improves quality, however, it is mainly used in large enterprises.
  2. The container is placed in a place with controlled temperature. Fermentation occurs at + 18 ... + 24 ° С. Cooling will stop the work of the yeast, and the heat will lead to their death. If fermentation is stopped, it is necessary to make the starter culture anew and add it to the “problem” mixture.
  3. A water shutter with a glove is placed on the bottle and the fermentation is monitored. The first phase (“violent”) lasts 5–8 days, and then “quiet” fermentation sets in within 3-4 weeks.
The end of fermentation is indicated by the absence of bubbles and a clear sediment at the bottom.

The container is transferred to a cool place up to + 15 ° C and drainage is carried out:

  1. To separate the sediment, the bottle must be placed on the table, and the empty container on the floor.
  2. The drain pipe is lowered into the mixture, not reaching the sediment. From the other end, you need to draw air into your mouth and lower the tube into an empty container.
  3. When a pure liquid is poured, the precipitate is poured into a smaller container, defended again and drained again.
  4. The container is closed with a stopper and left to cool for another month, then the sediment is again separated and bottled, which is stored in a lying position.
Dry white wine is drunk 2-3 months after the last strainer.

Video: Making dry white wine at home

Semi-sweet wine

Semi-sweet is a drink with a sugar content of up to 12%; muscat grapes are often used for it. It goes well with desserts as well as main courses of meat and fish. For the manufacture it is necessary to carry out pasteurization, since there is a rapid peroxidation into vinegar.

For a recipe with added water and sugar you will need:

  • 6 kg of grapes;
  • 1 liter of artesian or standing water;
  • 1 kg of sugar.
Obtained in the usual way, the wort is left to ferment at a temperature of +23 ... + 24 ° C for 5 days. Important! Semisweet wine from Rkatsiteli variety will require 1.5 times more sugar than from Muscat, but you can not pasteurize it. Then they do this:
  1. The juice is drained, and water and sugar are added to the pulp.
  2. The sweet mixture is left to ferment for 3 days, and then mixed with juice and set the water shutter.
  3. After about a month, the fermentation process will stop, and the precipitate must be separated, as in the case of dry wine.

The finished drink is bottled and pasteurized as follows:

  1. At the bottom of the pan put a wire rack and heat the water to + 60 ° C.
  2. Bottles are put in a pan and kept for 20 minutes.
  3. The bottles are removed and cooled, then removed for maturation in a cool place for 2-3 months.

Video: Making semi-sweet white wine at home

Sweet wine

To sweet, include wines with a sugar content of 55–80%. To prepare it, it is necessary to collect overripe clusters with maximum sugar content.

The proportions of the ingredients are as follows:

  • 10 kg of grapes;
  • 3 kg of sugar.

After receiving and defending the wort, perform the following steps:

  1. All sugar is added to the juice and completely dissolved by stirring.
  2. Set the water shutter and leave the mixture to ferment for 3 weeks.
  3. The wine is separated from the precipitate, closed again and left for 2 months.
  4. Separate again and leave for 8 months.

Ice white wine

Eiswein dessert is made from grapes that are frozen on the vine. According to the laws of winemaking, the freezing temperature should be –7 ... –8 ° C. For it, varieties Riesling or Vidal Blanc are used. At home, medium-ripened berries are frozen in the freezer during the day.

The proportion is as follows:

  • 10 kg of grapes;
  • 3 kg of sugar.
After freezing the berries you need to thaw and squeeze the juice. In the future, the basic fermentation technology is used, and all sugar is added before the final bottling.

Video: All About Vidal Ice Wine

Storage Features

Homemade wine is stored away from light sources, preferably in dark glass bottles. White varieties are more sensitive to light than red varieties.

To maintain the quality of the drink, the following conditions are desirable:

  • optimum temperature for dry grades +10 ... + 12 ° C, for strong grades +14 ... + 16 ° C, without sharp fluctuations;
  • humidity 65–80%;
  • lack of extraneous strong odors and good ventilation;
  • horizontal position of the bottles and the absence of vibrations, vibrations or shocks.
In addition to basements, modern special cabinets with climate control are suitable for storage.

Open white wine immediately begins to oxidize and noticeably worsens after 2-3 days. To preserve the taste, the bottle is closed with a stopper and put in the refrigerator.

Find out also why white plaque appears on grapes and how to treat it.

Useful Cooking Tips

Wine making has a long history, and there are many subtleties and tricks used in various regions.

The following tips will help you get original drinks with your own hands:

  • some winemakers leave twigs in the wort that add extra astringency;
  • for rose wine mix red and white grape varieties in equal shares;
  • if the wine is not transparent enough after ripening, you can use artificial clarification (“pasting”). To do this, use gelatin or egg white;
  • the pulp remaining after squeezing the juice can be used to prepare strong drinks or secondary wine according to the red method. This is how they prepare Italian grappa, Georgian chacha and brandy, popular in the Balkan region.

White wine can be made from grapes of various varieties and, depending on the recipe, get a drink of different levels of sweetness. Home winemaking allows you to control the naturalness of the ingredients and experiment with obtaining an original taste.

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