How to grow plumeria from seeds at home
At first glance at the blooming and fragrant plumeria, it seems that not everyone can grow such an exotic plant. However, owning information about her preferences, methods of cultivation and characteristics of care, to do this is not so difficult.
Did you know? In Asia, plumeria is called a temple tree, used in funeral ceremonies and planted near temples. In India, a plant is known as the Tree of Life. And in Hawaii he is woven into traditional wreaths of lei.
Basic rules for growing plumeria
Plumeria is a tropical plant that fascinates with its beauty and unique aroma. The scent of citrus, jasmine and spices intertwined in her scent. And the flowers seem to be made of marzipan. They prefer to grow it in the open air, in greenhouses and apartment conditions. This exotic flower is not capricious during cultivation, however, it has certain preferences.
Their list includes:
- bright lighting;
- high humidity;
- lack of drafts;
- sufficient watering;
- regular top dressing.
Dates and optimal planting conditions
Plumeria is propagated in 2 ways:
Did you know? The second name of the plumeria is frangipani. So the flower was named after the nobleman from Italy, who first used its fragrance to create perfumes.
For a tropical plant, a daily 6-7-hour stay in direct sunlight is important. Therefore, when choosing a location, preference should be given to those windows in the house that can provide this condition. It can be the south or southwest side. Northern window openings for growing plumeria will not work - in such conditions it will refuse to bloom.
Planting seeds must be planned for early spring. In the room where the seedlings and sprouts will be kept, a warm temperature should be maintained at + 23 ... + 25 ° С. A strengthened plant should be provided with warmer conditions - + 25 ... + 30 ° С. With the onset of autumn, the temperature will need to be gradually reduced. In winter, during dormancy, plumeria should be grown under conditions of + 16 ... + 17 ° С.
Another important condition for planting and further cultivation is high air humidity. A pot with plumeria is kept on a pallet with wet expanded clay, pebbles or sand. Also, the optimum level of humidity is achieved by the operation of an air humidifier and frequent spraying from a spray bottle.
How to plant plumeria from seeds at home
Typically, plumeria seeds are propagated by those flower growers who are very fond of indoor plants and watch how their development occurs. This method is interesting in that as a result, you can get a flower that is not like the mother plant, for example, with the original colors of the petals or leaves. Varietal qualities during seed propagation, as a rule, are not preserved.
For successful cultivation from seeds, it is necessary to prepare a container for planting, soil and seed.
Video: how to plant plumeria from seeds
Choice of capacity for landing
For planting plumeria seeds fit:
- separate plastic pots;
- long wide flat boxes;
- plastic greenhouses.
The tank must have drainage holes.
Learn more about how to plant indoor flowers in a pot.
For seed germination, it is necessary to prepare a loose and light substrate. It can be purchased at the store or made with your own hands.
Will need to mix:
- 2 parts of humus;
- 1 part of sand;
- 1 part peat;
- 1 part of vermiculite.
Shop soil does not need processing. The manufacturer has already etched it. Therefore, he is fully ready for landing.
Do-it-yourself soil mixed with your own hands.
There are several ways to do this:
- Pour potassium permanganate solution (1%).
- Calcine in the oven or microwave at a temperature of +90 ... + 100 ° C for 25 minutes.
- Steam in a large container: pour ½ or 1/3 of water into it, put a colander covered with a cloth on top, pour in the ground, cover with a lid. The earth should be kept above boiling water for 20-30 minutes.
- Freeze twice.
Seed selection and preparation
Plumeria forms seeds in the form of lionfish. If you collect them yourself, then you should select those in which the root bud is visible, and the largest.
- Place seed for 15 minutes in any growth promoter. Suitable "Epin", "HB-101", potassium humate.
- Wrap seeds in a damp cloth.
- Place the cloth in a glass and plastic container, which should be placed in a warm and well-lit place.
- Periodically spray the fabric with water from a spray bottle.
- After a day, the seeds are ready for planting.
- Soak the seed in warm water for 3-4 hours.
- After extraction from water, lower them 3 times in hydrogen peroxide.
- To dry.
- Make holes in the cotton pad and place seeds in them so that the lionfish sticks up.
- In this position, place the seed in a flat bowl with warm water.
- After the emergence of roots, about a week later, carry out the planting of seeds in the planting tank.
Learn how to grow other decorative-flowering indoor plants:
Plant seeds in the ground as follows:
- Fill the soil substrate in the tank.
- In the center, make a recess.
- Place the seed in it with the lionfish up completely or on ¾.
- Tamp the ground lightly.
- Humidify from a spray bottle.
- Cover the container with glass or a plastic bag.
Features of sowing care
Landings should be placed in a room with a temperature of + 23 ... + 25 ° С. It should be aired more often, but make sure that seedlings are not exposed to cold air currents.
After planting, the sprouts should appear in 1-1.5 weeks. At this time, they need to be opened twice a day to give an influx of fresh air, and moisturize as necessary.
When the sprouts appear, they are moved to a well-lit and warm place. Shelter is removed gradually.
How to transplant sprouts
Young plants are transplanted when their stems reach a height of 6 cm and 2-3 true leaves appear. Sprouts that grow in separate containers are transplanted into large pots filled with a light and loose substrate.
And also read about how to properly transplant indoor plants.
Crops growing in one container are planted in separate plastic pots. After a pick, the plants are placed in a warm place with diffused light.
Further care for the adult plant
Unlike many other tropical crops, plumeria is undemanding to care for. And if growing from seeds not every beginner in flower business can do, then anyone can take care of it.
It is enough to moisten it regularly, feed it with minerals, cut and transplant. If everything is done correctly, the first flowers will appear 3-5 years after planting.
Important! Watering a houseplant should be carried out with warm, settled for 1-2 days, filtered, thawed or rain water.
Watering and fertilizing
The plant needs to be moistened at the moment when the top soil layer dries. In summer, watering can be daily. In spring and autumn, 1 moisturization in 3-5 days will be enough. But in the winter, when the plant drops its leaves and falls into a state of sleep, the need for watering will generally disappear. It will be possible only occasionally - once every 10 days - to spray a flower from a spray bottle.
During the vegetative period, the plant will need to be fed several times. The first top dressing is carried out 50 days after the appearance of sprouts. Nitrogen-containing fertilizers will be required. Subsequently, before October, feeding is performed once every 2 months.
It will be useful for you to find out what and how to feed indoor plants at home.
From the second year of life, the fertilizer application regimen will need to be changed and act according to this scheme:
|Period||Fertilizer needed||Application rate|
|March - May||nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus (Pokon, "Rainbow")||2 times a month|
|June||phosphorus-containing ("Ideal", "Superbloom +")||2 times|
|July - September||nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus (ArganiQ)||2 times a month|
Seasonal Care Features
With the content of plumeria, it is advisable to lower the air temperature in winter. This will give her a signal that it is necessary to go into a state of rest. After exiting "from hibernation" a flower with new strength will be able to bloom profusely and strengthen immunity.
However, it is possible to grow this culture without lowering the temperature. In this case, all care activities will need to continue in the same mode as in the spring-autumn period. In addition, it will be necessary to add artificial lighting.
In spring, pruning is necessary. A sharp, disinfected knife cuts too elongated, old, damaged branches. Healthy shoots can be used for further propagation by cuttings.
Soil is poured into it, consisting of:
- 2 parts of turf land;
- 1 part of peat soil;
- 1 part humus;
- 1 parts of sand.
Important! Since the plumeria juice contains poison, which can cause severe irritation of the mucous membranes and skin, when working with the flower you need to protect your hands with gloves.
Pest and Disease Control
Plumeria rarely suffers from diseases and damage to harmful insects. But if the owner ignores the recommendations for regular care, then fungus can affect her. The first symptom of infection is the formation of black dots on the leaves. Subsequently, the leaves completely blacken and fall. Treatment is carried out with fungicides, for example, Fitosporin, Fundazol, Maxim. It takes 2-3 treatments at weekly intervals.
Of the pests for plumeria, a spider mite is dangerous . It eats juices and can lead to the complete death of the plant. It settles in rooms where it is too dry and hot. As a result of its harmful activity, a cobweb appears on the flower, the leaves turn yellow, curl and fall.
If the infection is not strong, then the pest can be expelled with abundant moisture - spray the flower well and cover it for several days with a plastic bag. Also used to combat the wiping of leaves and shoots with soap and water. With a massive invasion of parasites, they resort to chemical treatments. The insecticides Fitoverm, Bi-58, Karate, Iskra-M, Actellik are suitable.
With improper care, the decorativeness of the plant may suffer. Did you know? Plumeria flowers have one surprising property - they do not burn at temperatures below + 500 ° C. Most often, flower growers encounter such problems:
- Leaves fall. A normal process is considered if leaf fall begins before winter. So the plant is preparing to go to a dormant period. If it discards leaves in another period, then it is worth being wary. This may mean that it has little or too much moisture. An urgent need to adjust the irrigation regime.
- Plumeria does not grow. Stagnation in combination with yellowing of the leaves is due to moisture deficiency. It is necessary to increase the frequency and volume of humidification.
- For a long time, flowers do not appear. Most likely, the flower is dark, in the place where it grows. It is necessary to rearrange it to where it will be enough light.
- Rot and root appeared on the stem and roots. Rot develop under excessive watering and low temperatures. If rotting has just begun, then the affected roots can be removed, cut the slices with charcoal or activated carbon, transplant the plant into a new pot and soil. With severe decay, cuttings need to be cut and the flower updated. A diseased plant is not subject to resuscitation.