How to grow a fruiting tree from peach bones at home?

All cultures that came to the territory of Russia from the warm southern countries need increased attention in the process of growing, so not only care, but also breeding the same peach is often a rather time-consuming task. In this article, we will focus on growing this crop from seed, and how difficult it is and whether there are chances to get a well-developed fruit-bearing tree - read on.

Is it possible to grow peach from seed at home?

For experienced gardeners, there are no impossible tasks to grow popular crops, therefore, in the issue of cultivating a peach tree "from the seed", most of them are prone to optimistic forecasts, and not in vain.

Did you know? In Hungary, peaches deservedly received the title of “calm fruit”, since regular use helps to reduce anxiety and improve mood.

Observing certain requirements for the preparation, planting and further care of the seized planting stock, you really have every chance to get a new strong plant, but at the same time, you should choose the seeds of only those plants that have already been successfully grown in your region, because this means that the tree obtained from them will surely be able to successfully adapt to all weather changes, bringing a stable fruit harvest.

Unsuitable varieties are often characterized by too early, abundant opening of buds, tend to freeze and often have problems with the formation of young shoots. Frost-resistant peach varieties should always be a priority in a situation of choice.

Benefits of Growing Peach from Bone

Planting a peach with a seed (performed both in spring and autumn) has several advantages over planting fruit trees with ready-made seedlings.

  • The main advantages of the method include:
  • saving on quality material, because self-growing a young plant is much cheaper than acquiring a ready-made suitable crop;
  • personal stratification of prepared bones, which will accelerate the process of their germination;
  • the possibility of natural selection;
  • maximum resistance of the young plant to external adverse factors, provided that the seeds of the tree grown in the same climatic region as the future plant were taken to obtain seeds;
  • confidence in the origin of the peach tree (with the independent preparation of the seed, you no longer have to doubt the variety of the grown seedling).

Did you know? The norm of consuming peaches per day is considered to be no more than 10 pieces of fruit, but this value will be true only if the person is completely healthy and does not adhere to a diet. Those who are prone to excessive excitability and rapid changes in mood, it is advisable not to eat more than 3-4 fruits per day.

The only drawback of such a cultivation of a peach tree at home is the relatively high complexity of the process itself, but for beginners it can even be interesting.

Dates of peach seed planting

At room conditions, the bones are planted in seedlings at any time of the year, but they are transplanted into the open soil in an open location mainly in the fall. On the territory of central Russia, this time falls approximately at the beginning or middle of October, but the November landing is also allowed for the southern regions. In any case, there should be a sunny, clear and fine day with moderate humidity.

Video: Growing a peach from a stone is easy

Peach cultivation from seed

Planting peach seeds can be done in several ways, and the only difference is in the method of preparation of planting material and some of the nuances of the planting process.

Landing methods

The main methods of growing a crop with a bone are cold (aka stratification), splitting and extracting seeds, and warm options. Of course, each of them has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, which should definitely be taken into account.

Cold method or stratification

Forced stratification of the seeds is carried out at home, so that the gardener has the opportunity to monitor the process at all stages.

Check out

Benefits of Peach Planting in Autumn

With the correct implementation of the procedure, the germination of peach seeds increases significantly, which means that you should know about the sequence of basic preparatory actions:

  1. Rinse the drupe thoroughly, trying to remove all residual pulp from them.
  2. Dry the planting material well, and then leave it in cool and humid conditions, with a temperature not lower than zero.

An ideal place for seed aging is a refrigerator or a basement, and with regard to specific dates, most gardeners recommend cultivating peach in January-February.

At home, the stratification process takes place according to the following scenario:

  1. To begin, pour a small amount of clean, wet sand into a separate container.
  2. Then deepen the bones so that it evenly covers them from all sides.
  3. Cover future plantings with plastic wrap and make several openings for air in it.
  4. Send the container with the seeds in the refrigerator or on the shelf in the basement, periodically moistening the sand, but not allowing the substrate to be waterlogged.

Young seedling appears about three months after the start of stratification. A little later, matured and grown plants can be transplanted into a separate container, with drainage holes made in the bottom.

It is quite possible to compose the soil for planting seeds on your own, for which you just need to mix sheet (or garden soil), humus, peat and sifted sand, adhering to a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1. Pots filled with a substrate are left in an illuminated place, and after placement of seeds in the soil, they are monitored to maintain temperature values ​​in the aisles of + 10 ° C.

Important! After ten days of peach seed germination, it is advisable to move the pots to a warmer room, with temperatures around +20 ° C.

Chop and extract seeds

Such a manipulation, in comparison with the previous one, provides a more rapid appearance of seedlings, and its essence is to split the seed and remove the core inside.

The algorithm of actions in this case will be as follows:

  1. Rinse the bones and remove the remaining pulp from them, dry well on a paper towel.
  2. Gently chop the seed with a knife, trying to keep the kernel whole and without damage.
  3. Place the extracted core in warm water and leave it like this for a day, then transfer it to a damp cloth and leave it for a few more days, regularly moistening the material.
  4. As soon as the core swells and grows in volume, it is necessary to plant it in a prepared pot with suitable drainage holes (for each seed its own capacity is selected).
  5. Deepen the nucleolus into the soil by 1 cm, having prepared the substrate according to the above recipe.

At the end of the procedure, it remains to cover the landing tank with a film and put in a warm place for further germination.

Warm way

Like the previous ones, this option provides for preliminary cleaning of peach kernels and their short stratification, so that the first shoots appear in a few months.

Important! The kernel of the peach kernel contains a poisonous substance - hydrocyanic acid, which, when it enters the human body, can cause poisoning. True, for a fatal outcome, you will have to eat more than a dozen such cores.

The technology for performing landing operations in this case will be as follows:

  1. To begin with, washed and slightly dried bones must be kept in the refrigerator for 6-10 days (short-term stratification).
  2. Then, after taking planting material out of the refrigerator, it must be placed in a growth stimulator for 2-3 hours (for preplant treatment, aloe juice, potassium humate, and the Kornevin solution can be used).
  3. In the future, it remains only to prepare the soil mixture by the above method and deepen the seeds 6-8 cm deep.
  4. Moisten the finished plantations from the spray gun and, covering it with a hole film, place in a warm place for further germination.
  5. Subsequent bone care is based on regular wetting of the substrate and the systematic removal of condensate from the inside of the film.

With this method of growing peaches, the first sprouts appear after about 3-4 months, after which it will be possible to remove the film and continue to care for ordinary, grown seedlings of fruit trees, be sure to protect young sprouts from direct sunlight.

How to grow a seedling in a pot from peach seed?

Knowing how to sprout a peach at home, in the near future there is every chance to get a healthy and well-developed seedling that can only be transplanted to a permanent place of growth in open soil.

However, in order to achieve the desired result of growing a crop, it is important to adhere to several basic rules for caring for a seedling even at the stage of house seed germination.

Find out also how and what you can plant a peach on.

First of all, it is important to consider the following features:

  1. Lighting. For uniform development, the culture should be provided with good lighting, and if this is not achieved in a natural way, then special phytolamps will come to the rescue, making up for the lack of natural light.
  2. Watering . When growing seeds in a pot, the soil needs to be kept moist by regularly spraying the surface with a spray bottle. However, it is not necessary to allow over-wetting of the substrate, so as not to rot the developing peaches.
  3. Fertilizers Before planting in open ground, in early spring it is useful to feed young peaches with infusion of humus and mineral fertilizers, alternating the use of formulations with a break of 14 days. Beginning in September, top dressing can be completely stopped, which will allow plants to be put into a dormant state.
  4. Transplant If the plant from the seed develops too quickly and it becomes crowded in the old pot, it is advisable to immediately transplant it into a more spacious container, performing the transplant procedure in early spring or in mid-September.
  5. Pruning. As soon as the seedling reaches a height of 70 cm and begins to grow lateral shoots, it will be useful to cut it off, forming a crown, taking into account the future fruiting of the lateral branches of the plant. For this reason, you should not allow the young tree to stretch straight up, and to limit growth, you will have to pinch and prune the vigorous branches every year for five years.

In the initial period after planting the seeds, the film above the plantations is lifted every day, thereby creating ventilation of the substrate for 10-15 minutes. Such an action will help prevent mold from spreading on the soil surface and prevent condensation from accumulating on the inside of the film cover. As soon as the shoots are strong, the polyethylene protection can be removed.

Useful Tips

As you can see, growing a peach tree from the bones of a house is absolutely real, but is it worth it and is it possible to get a quality seedling of a crop in this way, for the most part depends on compliance with all requirements for the planting and bone care procedure.

In addition, it is worth using the recommendations of experienced plant growers already at the stage of choosing the right seed material.

Also read how to grow apricot tree, sweet cherry, cherry, plum, apple and grape from the seeds at home.

The main recommendations in this case include the following tips:

  1. Always carefully select the tree from which the planting material will be obtained. It is advisable that the selected plant be root-bearing, and not grafted, since the latter options are often fruitless.
  2. You should not harvest the seeds of peaches purchased in the store, as there is no guarantee that the subsequent harvest will at least approximately correspond to what you bought (if the seeds germinate at all in your climatic conditions).
  3. You need to collect fruits for harvesting their seeds closer to the end of summer, so that the crop has time to ripen well, and the fruits become as large as possible, ripe and healthy (any signs of rot, insect activity or mechanical damage should be absent).
  4. The selected seeds should not have cracks or be too light, since the germination of such planting material is extremely difficult to guarantee.

Otherwise, observing the rules of preplant planting of seeds and following the instructions for planting them in closed soil with further appropriate care, there should not be any problems with getting a new plant and very soon you can transplant a young peach into the garden.

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