How to get rid of curly peach leaves?
Peach has long been not uncommon in suburban areas, however, not everyone knows how gentle this culture is in care. Mistakes can lead to a dangerous disease, such as curly leaves. Details about this disease are in the article below.
How is the danger manifested and what
The disease damages not only leaves, but also flowers, fruit ovaries and formed fruits. The causative agent of the disease is a fungus of the genus Ascomycetes Tafrin deformans. The first signs can be seen in spring, when the leaves bloom. The upper part of the sheet is covered with glossy bubbles of a light shade, it becomes hard. A whitish coating appears on the underside of the plate. Then the edges gradually tuck, the bubbles on the surface become stiff and even more convex in shape. The deformed part of the sheet is painted in a different shade, often bright red.
- Curly peach as a result leads to sad consequences:
- weakening of defenses;
- the manifestation of secondary infections against the background of curls;
- lack of fruiting;
- yield reduction;
- death of a tree.
How to get rid and how to process peach from curly leaves
Fungicides containing copper in the composition are considered effective remedies for peach curly. However, before being treated with any remedy, you should familiarize yourself with the measure of its toxicity.
Did you know? Peaches come from ancient China, thanks to the findings of archaeologists, it is known that they were fed to the imperial court of the Celestial Empire more than 4, 000 thousand years ago.
If the disease manifests itself not in the first season, more stringent means should be used. Chemical preparations such as Chorus or Skor are suitable for this, a solution in the proportion of 2 g / 10 l is prepared for spraying (corresponds to the instructions of both means). No less effective is 1% Bordeaux liquid or copper chloride (0.4%). Processing is carried out at least 2 times, with an interval of 14 days. In special cases, biological fungicides are used. The action of these funds does not adversely affect either the plant or the person.
Among the drugs used against fungus:
Important! If the disease develops at the fruiting stage, chemical agents are not permissible, since they are toxic to humans.
Treatment of the disease is also successfully carried out with folk remedies. Clay-lime solution for spraying is considered effective. A preparation is prepared on the day of application on the basis of water in an amount of 10 l, other ingredients:
- clay (previously softened) - 350 g;
- lime (slaked) - 90 g.
Another effective remedy is tobacco infusion. To prepare it, you need 1 kg of crushed tobacco leaves. This amount is poured with water 5 l, leave to infuse for 3 days. Then the infusion is diluted in a ratio of 1: 2 with water and the infected plant is sprayed. Repeated spraying is carried out after a week.
Did you know? The most famous peach dessert in the world was invented by the French chef Escoffier in honor of the opera diva Nelly Melba. In 1892, a new sweet dish, Peach Melba, appeared in the history of cooking.
In agricultural technology, it is important to observe crop rotation, which increases the chances of a healthy development. It is not advisable to plant a peach after melons and solanaceous crops, after strawberries. Before planting, it is imperative to clean the ground and do it regularly in the near-trunk circle so as not to create a favorable environment for the fungus. Weeds attract insects, and they, in turn, are carriers of fungal spores.
Important! Always for whatever purpose pruning was carried out, the slices should be treated with garden var.
Experienced gardeners are well aware: it is better to apply preventive measures than to look later for ways to combat the disease. Preventive measures:
- Spring sanitary pruning.
- Spraying with a Bordeaux mixture (3%), other means with copper in the composition. Processing is repeated until flowering begins.
- Trunk circle cleaning.
- Watering rationing.
- Whitening the trunk with the addition of sulfuric preparations.
- Autumn pruning, cleaning fallen leaves.
- Soil cultivation for the winter from possibly present larvae of pests or fungal spores.