How to care for clivia at home
The tropical guest, whose homeland is the forests of South Africa, has an unusual name - clivia. Today it can be found at flower growers of all countries: this plant is a favorite due to its flowering. About clivia and the features of its cultivation and reproduction will be discussed in our article.
Botanical description of the plant
Clivia, or, as it is also called, Kaffir lily is a perennial that differs from the rest of the Amaryllis in the absence of a bulb. Its root is a cross between the bulb and the rhizome, more similar in appearance to the latter. Tightly adjacent leaves that are opposite each other form a small shoot (false stem). Each year, the number of leaves increases by 5-6 pieces. From the center of this outlet in late February - early March, a ribbed peduncle appears. Its top is decorated with about 20-30 buds forming an umbrella inflorescence.
Bell-like flowers bloom gradually. The flavor of clivia resembles a mixture of vanilla, rose and nutmeg. Flowering ends with the formation of the fruit - a fleshy red berry. A plant can delight with its flowering annually up to 40 years.
|Root system||Juicy rhizome with fleshy roots|
|Leaf shape||Narrow, xiphoid|
|Leaf color||Dark green|
|Flower shape||Bell-shaped, form an inflorescence umbrella|
|Flower color||Yellow, orange, cream, red|
|Fruit shape||Round berry|
|Fruit color||Orange red|
The main types
To date, these types of Kaffir lilies are known:
- noble, or beautiful clivia - was the first species introduced to Europe. This is a low (30 cm) bush with xiphoid, up to 40 cm long, leaves of saturated green color. The top of a thick peduncle is decorated with an inflorescence of 40-60 small tubular flowers and a curved perianth. Petals are painted yellowish-orange or light red in color with green tops;
- cinnabar (orange, or miniature) - the most common and favorite in floriculture. At home in South Africa, it grows everywhere: from the coast to the mountains. It can be found even at an altitude of 800 m above sea level. Plant height - up to 0.5 m, leaves taper from the base to the ends, have a xiphoid shape. The inflorescence contains 10–20 flowers of red (orange) color with a yellow middle. There is also a garden form, the leaves of which have yellow or white longitudinal stripes;
- clivia citrine - considered a variety of cinnabar clivia. Her flowers have creamy yellow coloring and yellow fruits;
- Clivia Gardena - named after the major who discovered it. Prefers shaded places. It, unlike other species, has lighter foliage, cut in the lower part and forming the likeness of a tuft. The flower stalk is crowned with 10-15 tubular flowers. Indoor use rarely used;
- stem clivia - in nature lives on rocky ground and even on trees. It has a large size and an unusual stem formed from dried lower foliage with aerial roots. The length of the stem reaches 1-3 meters in height. A long peduncle is crowned with 10 to 20 orange-red buds. A plant can form several peduncles at the same time. It is preferable to keep in greenhouses;
- amazing clivia differs from its relatives by endurance. It withstands forty-degree heat and slight frosts. Also its distinctive feature is maroon leaves at the bottom, with a white stripe in the center.
House growing conditions
Clivia is not a very capricious plant, but it also has some requirements.
Lighting and ventilation
It is best to keep the plant on windows that are not exposed to direct sunlight. The flower prefers diffuse lighting, but it should be enough, otherwise the flowering will be weak, and the flowers will be small. In summer, the plant is taken out into the shaded place, and during the dormant period, it is nice to place the flower on a glazed balcony. During the growth of the flower arrow, during the flowering period, as well as in the heat of the window, it is periodically necessary to open the windows for ventilation, but it must be ensured that the plant does not stand in a draft.
Temperature and humidity
Kaffir lily has some temperature requirements:
- in the phase of active development, a suitable temperature for it would be + 20–25ºC;
- for the growth of the flower arrow you need about + 18–20 ° С;
- at rest - 12–14 ° С.
Next, consider how to care for clivia, as well as what needs to be done to make it bloom.
Important! You should not disturb a flower unnecessarily: replanting, loosening, rearranging it is possible only when it is really necessary.
The plant does not welcome excessive waterlogging, so there are such rules:
- water if the surface layer of the soil is sufficiently dry;
- more frequent watering is needed during the growth of the flower arrow and its flowering;
- water should be warm, settled and better boiled. Warm water stimulates flowering processes;
- between waterings, the presence of water in the pan is not permissible - it must be drained, otherwise it will cause rotting of the roots;
- Clivia responds well to a warm shower.
Constant top dressing makes the flower even more beautiful: they begin to be applied after the appearance of the first flower arrow twice a month. It is preferable to alternately apply mineral and organic fertilizers. It is necessary to choose those dressings that are suitable for bulbous and flowering specimens. According to the recommendations of the florists, you should slightly reduce the concentration given in the instructions - it is better to underfeed than to overfeed. It is more expedient to dilute top dressings with water when watering. It is also important to consider that nitrogen inhibits flowering, but improves foliage growth, and potassium stimulates the formation of buds.
We recommend that you learn more about the proper nutrition of indoor plants.
In case of yellowing of the ends of the leaves, they are cut directly along the edge, leaving a green leaf plate. The leaves are completely removed if they are completely yellowed. If you do not plan to grow clivia seeds, then after the plant fades, it is advisable to completely remove the peduncle. This will help preserve the nutrients, and not spend them on the formation of berries.
The plant really does not like to be bothered, so when transplanting you need to be very careful and adhere to the following requirements:
- carry out this process only when the roots begin to peek out of the pot. This applies to adults, and for young people need an annual transplant. Very large plants are not transplanted - once a year they replace about 5 cm of the upper soil layer;
- the capacity should not be too voluminous - in a very large pot, clivia may not bloom. Each next pot should be larger than the diameter of the previous one by 2-3 cm;
- the soil is needed loose, with low acidity. Such compositions can be used: 2 parts of turf and leaf land with 1 part of river sand; a mixture of humus and peat (in each part) and 2 parts of turf land. For young clivia it is useful to mix perlite or coarse sand;
- the bottom of the pot must be covered with a drainage layer consisting of pebbles or expanded clay;
- transplantation is carried out at the end of flowering;
- the root neck cannot be sprinkled with soil, otherwise it may cause decay of the lower leaves;
- the plant is transplanted by transshipment into a large tank, and the free space is covered with the desired soil mixture.
To regularly observe the lush flowering of Kaffir lily, she needs to arrange rest periods: it begins after flowering and lasts about 2-3 months. To make the flower rest, they stop watering and feeding it, and also rearrange it in a room with a temperature of + 12–14 ° С. If clivia intensively began to drop foliage, then it needs to be slightly watered.
Kafra lily propagates vegetatively (by children) or seeds.
This is the simplest and fastest breeding method, which consists of the following steps:
- Young specimens are neatly separated from the mother plant. This is done after flowering, better when transplanted. Mandatory conditions are height (at least 15 cm), the number of leaves (at least 4 pairs) and their roots.
- Plants are placed in pots (diameter not more than 7 cm) with a mixture of leafy soil with sand.
- Provide moderate watering and a temperature of about + 17 ° C.
- Such instances bloom 2 or 3 years after planting.
Seed cultivation is a longer and not always effective process. Spend it like this:
- in order to obtain seeds from clivia, pollination must occur (it can be pollinated by the cross method);
- when the berry reaches maturity, seeds are extracted;
- seed material is placed in peat or sand at a distance of 2 cm from each other;
- in 5-6 months sprouts will appear. The grown plants are transferred to individual containers (diameter about 6–7 cm).
Possible growing difficulties
With the content of clivia, one may encounter some difficulties. Next, we’ll talk about how to solve these problems.
Does not bloom
With proper care, Kaffir lily should annually delight with its flowering. If this does not happen, then the reasons may be:
- insufficient rest period. It must be placed in a cool place and give the plant a good rest;
- high temperature content or lack of light. Ensure normal lighting and the right temperature;
- an excess of nitrogen. It is necessary to replace top dressing containing this element with potash;
- big pot. Until the root system fills the entire tank, the plant may not bloom. You should not plant clivia in a too spacious pot.
With an excess of moisture or stagnation of water, clivia is often affected by fungal diseases. Brown spots on the leaves indicate damage by gray rot. Later, root decay occurs. It is necessary to spray with "Topaz", "Champion" or Bordeaux fluid. If this does not help, you should use preparations containing copper (for example, vitriol). The plant is transplanted into new soil, having previously removed the damaged roots and sprinkled them with crushed coal.
Together with the soil, such pests dangerous to clivia can be introduced:
- scale shield - noticeable by the appearance of brown plaques on leaf plates. Parasites suck the plant sap, which causes the leaves to dry out. It is necessary to wipe the leaves with a soapy sponge and treat with an insecticide;
- mealybugs - form colonies resembling a cotton coating. This pest causes deformation of the entire plant. If the lesion is minor, then the parasite can be removed by wiping with a soap swab. In more advanced cases, a 15% solution of Actellik or Actara is used.
Signs and superstitions
Many superstitions and signs are associated with many plants - no exception and clivia:
- if you put a yellow coin in a flower pot, then this will help improve your financial condition;
- a sharp and unreasonable cessation of abundant flowering promises problems or some kind of loss;
- unexpected drying is also fraught with great trouble;
- some are sure that clivia in the house causes quarrels, and in the bedroom - disturbing dreams or insomnia, while others - that the flower improves the vitality of others.
In our article, we tried to answer most of the common questions: how to transplant clivia at home, what to do with a flower stalk when it has blossomed, and also many others. We hope that our material has become not only interesting, but also useful for you.