How is apricot different from apricot?
Apricot - sunny sweet oriental fruit . It is consumed fresh, and dried fruits, such as dried apricots or apricot, are also prepared from it. Today, the article will focus on apricot and the differences between the product and the fresh fruit.
Uryuk and apricot - what is the difference
Among other fruit trees, apricot is considered a long-liver, in addition, this crop is resistant to low temperatures. Fruits the plant, depending on the variety and region of cultivation, from June to August.
Did you know? In Moscow, the Museum of the Oriental Peoples has amazing exhibits: bas-relief figurines carved on the bones of an apricot. You can view all the details of the figures only under a magnifying glass.
Apricot can be round or oval, may have slightly flattened sides. The fruit is visually divided into two halves by a longitudinal stripe. The surface of the fruit is usually flat, without dents or potholes.
Color varies depending on the variety:
- with a blush;
- with small dots.
The peel is always pubescent, some varieties have more, while others have less. The fruit bone is large, medium and small, can be easily or difficult to separate from the pulp.
Uryuk is a dried apricot, and often it dries directly on a tree. When cooking apricot, a bone is not taken out of it. Unlike dried apricots, apricot is a dried apricot, which is an environmentally friendly product. In the East, where it is included in the daily menu, no special means are used to prepare it for cooking, so the appearance of the product may seem unpresentable:
- wrinkled peel;
- flattened, uneven surface;
- color is brownish, dull.
Fresh fruit has a pronounced aroma. The structure of its pulp is fibrous, soft or dense, sometimes crunchy. Depending on the variety, the fruit can be sweet, sugary or include a touch of sourness.
Dried fruit apricot has a slightly less pronounced smell of apricot. The structure of its pulp is dense, even harsh. The taste of the natural product is sweet and sour.
Important! If the apricot is very sweet, with a honey-sugary aftertaste, then such fruits were dried using chemistry.
Chemical composition and nutritional value
To finally understand the issue of apricot and apricot: is it the same thing or not, just look at the change in the composition of the fruit after the drying process.
Fresh fruit is rich in vitamins and minerals:
- A (retinol);
- beta carotene;
- C (ascorbic acid);
The energy value:
- proteins - 0.9 g;
- fats - 0.1 g;
- carbohydrates (fructose, glucose, sucrose) - 9.0 g.
During the drying process, the concentration of some components increases, due to dehydration, the percentage of sugars increases, and accordingly, calorie content also increases.
Changes in the dried product and nutritional value:
|The nutritional value:||Chemical composition:|
|proteins - 5 g||A (retinol)|
|fats —0.44||B1 (thiamine)|
|carbohydrates - 53 g||B2 (riboflavin)|
|Calories - 240 kcal / 100 g||PP (niacin)|
Useful and harmful properties
Given the composition of both products, the presence of minerals and vitamins, and apricot and apricot, of course, benefit the body.
The apricot tastes sweet, so when preparing baked goods with it, you can reduce the amount of sugar. In the winter, dried fruits will replenish the supply of nutrients, instead of missing fresh analogues. The composition of the dried product is useful for an active lifestyle or hard physical work, as it nourishes with energy and stimulates the production of lactic acid. This element helps to restore muscle mass, reduces pain after an active workout. Uryuk is rich in iron, which helps prevent anemia, improves hematopoiesis.
In addition, the product helps blood coagulation and has an antispasmodic effect. Calcium and phosphorus in childhood are necessary for the growth of bone and muscle tissue, tooth strength, they help the elderly to restrain the aging of joints, support fragile bones. Potassium and magnesium strengthen the heart muscle, blood vessel walls, prevent ischemia, stroke and heart attack. Uryuk is useful for women at any age to maintain a beautiful appearance, since it contains the main vitamins of beauty A and E.
Learn how to make apricots from apricots at home.
A few fruits eaten will help establish the digestion process, get rid of accumulated toxins and toxins. It can be safely consumed by people who want to lose weight, since apricot is a low-calorie fruit. It is useful to consume fruits for those who periodically have problems with stools : the fruit has a mild laxative effect.
Children and adults need to eat fruits to strengthen vision and prevent glaucoma. The diuretic effect of the fruit will help normalize blood pressure, restore the balance of water-salt metabolism in the body. Thanks to this, such a problem as swelling disappears, especially in the heat. Vitamin A, and it has been proven by many scientists of the world, is an effective preventive measure against oncology.
The niacin in the composition improves blood circulation in the vessels of the brain, which improves all the functions of the organ:
- concentration of attention;
- ability to remember;
- learning new knowledge and skills.
Overeating dried fruits or fresh fruits is equally bad.
- Side effects of product abuse:
- increased blood glucose;
- increased acidity in the stomach;
- allergic rash
Important! It is necessary to limit the use of fruits to diabetics, with a dosage it is better to determine after consultation with your doctor. It is not recommended to eat apricot or apricot in such conditions:
- gastritis (in acute form);
- gastrointestinal ulcer;
- thyroid problems.
Scopes of both products
Due to the rich composition of the products, they are suitable not only for eating, but are also used in other industries.
Both fresh fruit and dried fruit are used in masks for the skin of the face, neck and décolleté, and hands. The pulp is good for the hair, nourishing them along the entire length and restoring the structure, restoring a healthy shine.
Cosmetics with pulp of fruits have the following properties:
- smoothing (wrinkles);
The pulp is used in soap making, and apricot gum is used as an emulsifier in cosmetics. The bones are ground to powder, added to the cleansing agent for a scrub effect. Oil is produced from seeds, which are used both in cosmetology and in aromatherapy.
Fresh and dried apricot pulp is used in the treatment of burns, for faster scarring of wounds. Pulp compresses help stop bleeding.
The same regenerating and anti-inflammatory property is used to treat skin diseases:
- excessive production of subcutaneous fat;
- infant prickly heat.
Doctors recommend the use of products for older people as a prophylactic for atherosclerosis, as well as for varicose veins.
Freshly squeezed juice is an effective remedy for constipation and flatulence. Despite the limited use of apricot and apricot by diabetics, it is useful for such patients to drink stewed fruit or an uzvar. A drink will help normalize glucose levels.
Canadian scientists conducted a series of studies that proved the beneficial effects of apricot on convulsive syndrome in children. Regular use of the product increases motor function at the level of brain cells.
Dry and fresh fruits are equally popular in cooking . They act as ingredients for meat dishes and cereals, soups and casseroles.
Fruits are an excellent filling for various kinds of pastries and bread. Various drinks are prepared from the fruits, including for the winter. Apricot jam, jam or marmalade is one of the most fragrant among fruit jam.
Did you know? In old Indian texts there are records about the art of magicians in the preparation of poisons based on apricot kernels.
The most natural way to make apricot is to leave it on a tree, it is advisable only to pritenit. If the fruits are picked, then, without taking out a seed, whole, without signs of spoilage fruits are laid out on a tray or other surface and dried for a certain time in the shade in the fresh air.
To prepare a dish of apricots, it must first be steamed, because its flesh is hard. Prepared dried apricot, like fresh, can be added to meat or vegetable salad, to porridge. Often baked beef or pork with fruit, stuffed chicken carcass before baking. Read about the features of dried apricot. Despite the differences in caloric content and saturation with some elements in the composition, both products - both fresh fruit and dried fruit - are good for health. You need to eat them, but do not forget about the norms of consumption.