How and when to plant roses in autumn
Many gardeners are wondering if roses can be planted in the fall. The answer is obvious: it is possible. The rules for planting seedlings in autumn are described in the article.
Did you know? The oldest rose bush grows in Germany near the Hildesheim Cathedral. He is already about 1 thousand years old. The height of the flower is also striking: the branches reach the roof of the cathedral.
Advantages and disadvantages of planting roses in the fall
- Autumn planting of roses has such advantages:
- air humidity in the fall is much higher (75–85%) than in spring (65%), which contributes to rapid rooting;
- in most cases, more rain falls in autumn than in spring;
- the earth is warm enough after the summer;
- the bushes planted in the fall quickly take root, and in spring the first buds appear on them.
- There are some disadvantages of autumn planting of seedlings:
- If you incorrectly calculate when to plant them, this will adversely affect the plants. Too early planting activates the growth of leaves that will soon freeze under the influence of frosts. With late planting, the roots do not have time to gain a foothold in the ground, and the rose dies. The main thing is to plant the seedling on time.
- If you poorly cover the bush, it will also perish.
This is also the main question, because the further rooting of the seedling depends on how clearly you follow the rules for planting roses. Further on how to plant roses in autumn with roots.
When can I plant roses in the fall
It is very important to plant a seedling on time. The optimal period for this is from mid-September to early October.
It is important to consider the region of residence. In the northern regions, flowers are planted earlier, in the southern - later, and in the central regions they choose the middle of the recommended period.
Soil temperature should be in the range +12 ... + 16 ° С. This is the most favorable temperature for fast rooting.
Plant flowers in a sunny place, protected from the winds, in fertile loose soil. Take good drainage so that the water does not stagnate. A good option is to plant bushes on the southern slope so that the water has the ability to quickly drain down.
Important! Make sure that there are no trees or other tall plants that create shade near the roses site. Places lit 3-4 hours a day are considered partial shade. Less than 3 hours of the sun - this is already a complete shadow. In such places roses will not grow.
Flowers love when there is a lot of light. But at the same time, it is impossible for direct sunlight to fall on them. They can cause leaf burns.
The soil must be fertilized 2 weeks before planting flowers. To do this, mix loamy soil and humus in a 1: 1 ratio. You can also add 2-3 glasses of ash. Pour 40 cm thick mixture on the desired bed and dig it. Before weaning, clear the area of weeds.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Pay particular attention to the selection of seedlings. It should have at least three healthy shoots with small leaves. Another condition: choose a seedling with healthy branched roots. When buying it with a closed root system, make sure that the ground does not fit snugly against the walls of the container.
Planting material must be properly prepared for landing in the ground:
- Soak the seedling for a day in water.
- Remove leaves and damaged roots.
- Shorten the shoots (up to 30 cm).
- Spray it with 3% solution of iron sulfate.
- Place the roots in a mixture of clay and mullein (in a 2: 1 ratio).
Seedlings are planted in a "dry" and "wet" way.
Important! If you plant several roses at once in one area, keep a distance between the bushes. Leave 70–90 cm of free space between the park roses, 1 m between the climbing and standard roses, and 30–60 cm between the hybrid tea and Floribunda roses.
With the “dry” method, follow this sequence of actions:
- Dig a hole with a diameter of 40 cm and a depth of 50 cm.
- Pour expanded clay drainage (with heavy soil) to the bottom. With sandy soil, put a thick layer of clay (7 cm) on the bottom and sprinkle it with fertile soil.
- Place the seedling in the pit, spread its roots. The root neck should be at a depth of 5 cm below the ground (if the roses are ordinary) and 10 cm - if the stem (without side shoots).
- Fill the pit with earth, tamp it.
- Water the plant in several approaches, using 1-2 buckets of water per 1 bush.
Also learn how to grow roses from seeds.
Care after landing
Further planting care is simple. If it is dry outside, they should be watered as the topsoil dries. In rainy weather, watering is stopped: the rose will have enough moisture.
Feeding plants is also not necessary. All fertilizers have already been applied to the soil before planting.
The only thing to do is prepare the plants for winter. Saplings spud with peat 20 cm thick. This will protect the roots of the rose from the effects of autumn frosts. Also, seedlings are covered with a cropped plastic bottle, and sprinkled with dry leaves on top. In this way, you can protect the bushes from winter frost.
What to do if you are late for planting roses
If you did not manage to plant a seedling in the ground due to unforeseen situations, do not be upset. It can be dug to a depth of 40 cm, covered with lapnik (these are branches of coniferous trees, most often spruce, less often pine, fir) and peat, and "spud" with snow from above. In the spring, the bushes are transplanted to a permanent place, according to all the rules.
Also, seedlings can be put before spring in the cellar with a temperature not lower than 0 ° C and plant them in the ground in the spring.
Did you know? The largest rose bush grows in the US state of Arizona. He is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The bush occupies an area equal to the area of the football field, and during flowering, more than 200 thousand flowers bloom on it.
Frequent landing errors
When autumn roses are planted in the soil, such errors are often made:
- Roots bend up, not straighten. This cannot be allowed - the rose will grow slowly.
- The location of the root neck (vaccination) is too deep, as a result of which the plant dies. The optimum landing depth is indicated above.
- It is widely believed that the bush develops better in peat. On the contrary, in this soil it begins to rot, and eventually disappears. Ideal option is loamy soil.
As you can see, growing roses is a time consuming process. Particular attention should be paid to the proper planting of seedlings. Using the rules that are described in the article, you can enjoy growing your favorite flowers.