Highsex laying hens: breed description, maintenance and care features

Highsex chickens are known primarily for their productivity and quality of poultry products, which is why the breed is considered one of the most common among large poultry farms, as well as small private farms. But, the breeding of this bird is a rather complicated and specific process, which for many becomes a real headache. We will consider in detail the main subtleties of the breeding of Highsex chickens, as well as tell the main secrets of this breed.

Highsex Cross Description

Highsex is a highly productive hybrid of poultry, which is obtained by direct cross-breeding of donor animals under strict rules. This means that breeding within the breed is not observed, therefore new individuals are obtained exclusively after crossing the original breeds.

The basis for the production of poultry was breeds known in Europe: white leggorn, rhode island and New Hampshire chicken.

The history of all highsexes began in 1968, in the Netherlands. Within the walls of the local agricultural enterprise Euribrid, the best ornithologists and breeders spent two years crossing all kinds of breeds between the most popular breeds of poultry.

In 1970, they launched a fast-growing and highly productive cross, characterized by improved product quality and unpretentiousness in maintenance.

From that moment on, the active spread of High-tech chickens throughout the world began. Farmers in the USA and Canada took the most active part in the novelty, but by 1985 the breed became widespread in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Today, the breed is a traditional bird both in industrial breeding and in conditions of private rearing.

Did you know? One of the first states that actively introduced this bird into industrial poultry farming was the Soviet Union. As early as 1974, the first hybrids were obtained on the territory of the Ukrainian SSR, which in just a few years helped massively distribute poultry in Siberia, the Urals and the central part of the country.

The breed implies the division of the bird into two separate crosses (hybrids):

  1. White - are distinguished by an ideal white shade of plumage. Get a hybrid based on white leggorn and new hampshire. The main distinguishing feature of the cross is a graceful, slightly elongated body and perfect uniform eggs.
  2. Brown - can be determined thanks to the rich brown-red plumage. The hybrid differs from its predecessor in its massive, rounded, but proportional body and large egg, weighing about 70 g. They are obtained by crossing leggorn, rhode islands and New Hampshire layers.

Appearance

The main distinguishing feature of all highsexes can be called a graceful and proportional body. Despite the fact that at first glance the representatives of the breed look awkward, in fact they are active, energetic and fairly confident when moving the bird.

Highsex White Chicken Features:

Part of the bodyDescription
HeadSmall
CrestHigh, leafy, 4-5 toothed, rich red tones. Erect in roosters, in chickens hanging to one side
BeakSmall, thin, slightly bent down
NeckProportional, medium length or slightly elongated
ChestThin but round
StomachProportional, slightly rounded
WingsMedium in size, tightly pressed to the body
TailLong and wide, set at 40 °
PawsShort and thin
Plumage colorWhite or snow-white; golden feathers may occur on individual feathers

Highcase Brown Chicken Features:

Part of the bodyDescription
HeadPetite
CrestLeaf-shaped, tall, with 4-5 teeth, erect. Mostly bright red
BeakSmall, thin, slightly bent down
NeckMedium length proportional
ChestSmall, rounded
StomachProportional slightly rounded
WingsSmall, strong, fit snugly to the body
TailMedium length, covered with short plaits, often set at an angle of 40-45 °
PawsMedium length, dense and powerful
Plumage colorBrown or golden brown, individual feathers have a small white border

Productive qualities

The Highsex breed is known not only for its productivity, but also for its precocity. But, despite this, most farmers only have an approximate idea of ​​when these hens begin to rush, and what products can be obtained by growing them.

Did you know? The largest chicken egg in the world was laid in 2010 in the town of Eastwood (UK). It had a diameter of 23 cm and a weight of 163 g.

While for small private farms this issue is not acute, for large poultry farms these features can play a decisive role in the profitability of the entire production.

High-Hex White Chickens Productivity:

CharacteristicDescription
The average weight of chicken and roosterChicken - 1.7 kg, rooster - 1.7—2 kg
DirectionEgg
PubertyIt occurs at the age of 4-5 months
Average egg production per year320 eggs
Average egg weightAbout 60 g
Egg colorWhite
Instinct of incubationReduced or completely lost
Taste indicators of meatThe meat is fragrant, juicy, with a delicate texture

Productivity of High-Brown Chickens:

CharacteristicDescription
The average weight of chicken and roosterChicken - 2 kg, rooster - 2.5-3 kg
DirectionMeat and egg
PubertyIt occurs at the age of 4-5 months
Average egg production per year300 eggs
Average egg weight70 g
Egg colorLight brown
Instinct of incubationReduced or completely lost
Taste indicators of meatThe meat is fragrant, juicy, with a delicate texture

Temperament

Highsexes are distinguished by an affectionate and complaisant disposition, they are not characterized by aggression towards the surrounding relatives and the person. Therefore, without any problems, the bird can be kept in large houses, together with other breeds. These birds get used to the host quickly, which manifests itself in a fairly active interaction and open curiosity for him.

The only exceptions are the white cocks, which are distinguished by a fighting character. Quite often, they show active aggression against visitors to the chicken coop, so if they are kept free, if they do not follow the general safety rules, they can seriously harm.

Pros and cons of the breed

Before you make a good choice in the direction of Highsex chickens, you must definitely get acquainted not only with the pros, but also with the main disadvantages of the breed. They will help to create a complete picture of the bird, as well as the feasibility of growing it. In addition, this will help every farmer to protect himself from unforeseen situations and losses when breeding chickens.

  • The main advantages of the breed are:
    • resistance to diseases and infections characteristic of chickens;
    • early maturity of young animals;
    • high productivity and quality of poultry products;
    • almost 100% chick survival;
    • long period of productivity;
    • unpretentiousness in the conditions of detention and nutrition.

  • The breed and cons are not without:
    • not suitable for full-fledged meat production;
    • when kept in a confined space, chickens can exhibit excessive noise and aggressiveness (especially cross white);
    • cannibalism can be observed during mass keeping of individuals;
    • chickens are quite difficult to tolerate a change in environment, diet and conditions;
    • Highsexes are not able to produce high-quality offspring within a population;
    • Poultry productivity is highly dependent on feed quality.

How to keep a highsex breed?

Despite its unpretentiousness, for effective productivity, Highsex Brown and White require a special microclimate and daily routine. With their help, it will be possible to establish uninterrupted egg incubation throughout the entire productive period.

Moreover, the main requirement for them is free space and high-quality nutrition, since when they are deficient in the body of birds, a lack of nutrients develops, which often leads to irreversible processes for the productivity of birds.

Learn how to build your own winter chicken house.

Conditions of detention

In order to provide the breed with a long and continuous egg production throughout the entire productive period, it is necessary to erect a chicken coop for the bird and ensure the optimal microclimate in it. At the same time, do not forget that these hens are quite active, therefore they need the largest chicken coop and the corresponding courtyard.

Home improvement

The chicken coop should be made of wood or concrete brick, while the flooring must be made of natural wood, this will help protect the paws of birds from hypothermia in winter.

A litter of 5-10 cm thick of hay, chopped straw or sawdust is necessarily laid on the floor. The size of the chicken coop is determined relative to the number of individuals in the herd, with 1 cubic meter. free space is allowed no more than 4 individuals.

The main requirement that is put forward for such a dwelling is a favorable temperature and humidity. In the summer, the average daily optimum in the chicken coop should be within +22 ... + 25 ° С.

In winter, the optimal temperature indicator is within +15 ... + 20 ° С, but a short-term decrease in temperature to +10 ... 12 ° С is not harmful for high-tech. Therefore, premises for maintenance in the winter must be heated.

Humidity in the chicken coop should not exceed 60%, for its adjustment in the building create ventilation holes. It is not recommended to place them opposite each other, as this will cause a draft, which is undesirable for chickens. A long daylight hours are also important for a bird.

With a decrease in daylight hours in autumn and winter, the chicken coop must be highlighted, in which case the bird should not have less than 10 hours of light per day.

Important! It is not recommended to keep Highsex White and Brown in closed enclosures, as this can negatively affect the egg production of the herd. Therefore, chickens provide free movement, both outside the chicken coop and inside.

Mandatory attribute of the chicken coop are perches and nests. Perches are set in cascades, on 3-4 floors. The first perch is fixed at a height of 60–70 cm from the floor, the subsequent ones with an interval of 40–50 cm. Nests are often fixed on one of the walls of the chicken coop, at a height of 50–60 cm. To save space, they are also recommended to be cascaded in 2-3 floors, with an interval of 50-60 cm.

Walking patio

A walking patio is installed in the chicken coop area, on the shaded area. If this is not possible, then a shelter must be arranged over the courtyard. This is extremely important in the summer, as the bird can overheat in the sun.

Such a site should be located on a hill, since in autumn and spring water can flood the courtyard, which for a long time can leave the bird without walking. Most often, it is built around a chicken coop, so chickens can independently go for a walk, without the help of a person.

Around the site, a protective fence is made of metal, plastic mesh or other building materials. Its optimal height is often within 1 m.

The size of the walking yard should ensure unimpeded movement of all birds, therefore it is recommended to provide at least 1 square meter for 4-5 individuals. area.

In the summer, chickens walk freely, for this the entrance openings of the chicken coop are left open throughout the day. In winter, at temperatures below –10 ° C, it is undesirable to walk highsexes, since hypothermia can cause a prolonged cold in them.

The exceptions are light and sunny days, at this time for a short period the chickens are released into the street, but so that they do not freeze, the walks are carried out after careful feeding.

Important! To ensure uninterrupted productivity of the house, the herd should be divided into 2-3 age groups. This will help to conduct routine rejuvenation of chickens without harming the overall productivity of the farm.

Drinking bowls and feeders

Drinking bowls and feeders are installed both in the chicken coop and in the walking yard. They are rectangular containers with a depth and width of 15x15 cm. Their length is selected on the basis of the size of the livestock, at least 25 cm of the feeder should fall on one individual.

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As drinking bowls today they use a variety of open containers made of inert materials, fill them with no more than 1.5-2 cm.

In winter, the water must be warmed up to +20 ° C, as a cold liquid can cause a cold in a bird.

For the prevention of infectious diseases, once every 1-2 months, chickens are given a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate as drinking water.

Feeding Adult Chickens

As practice shows, every poultry breeder can provide a correct and balanced diet for this breed. At the same time, the main requirement for food is high quality and nutrition. Today, there are only two diet systems for Highsex chickens:

  1. Industrial production - based on complex feed for laying hens.
  2. Home-made - a mixture of corn, wheat and legumes (2: 2: 1).

As an additional source of nutrients in the diet of laying hens, include chopped vegetables and root vegetables, fish or meat and bone meal, meal and meal of all kinds of food production, eggshells, chalk. They are introduced into food in a mixture with the main feed, not more than 25% by weight of the entire portion.

As a source of valuable vitamins, the bird is given fresh grass in unlimited quantities. Nettle is the most acceptable of all the herbs for it, it eliminates the deficit of compounds important for the body to the maximum.

The average daily feed rate for adult highsex:

Age weeksThe amount of feed, g / individual
17-20 (shift period)73–92
21–27 (beginning of masonry)105-110
28-45110-120
more than 45120-130

Herd replacement planned

Highisex chickens have an average life expectancy of about 4-5 years, however, they have the most productive period during the first three years of life. After this, the egg production in chickens decreases sharply, or completely stops. However, the planned replacement of the herd is carried out much earlier.

Important! The ration of white and brown must be varied, this will help improve the immunity of the bird, as well as increase the quality and quantity of poultry products.

With home breeding, chickens are renewed every 2 years, while in industrial breeding, the herd is rejuvenated annually. Neglecting the rejuvenation time of the herd can lead to unprofitable poultry farms, so farmers should approach this issue strictly.

Features of keeping chickens

In the first few days of life, newborn chickens are provided with special conditions. They are moved to a separate, hidden fence and illuminated for 5 days by a constant light source. In this case, the temperature at the place of their maintenance should be within +27 ° С.

After 5-7 days, they are transferred to the normal light mode, and the temperature is lowered to +22 ° C. The best place for keeping small chickens is considered to be a quiet and secluded place, so often the first two weeks they are kept in near the hearth.

For feeding chickens use all kinds of mixtures of boiled chicken eggs, sorrel, dandelion and other herbs. Freshly warmed milk is best for them as drinking water.

Two weeks later, young animals are gradually accustomed to adult feed and tap water; for this, they include crushed vegetables, cereal grains, fresh grass, and milk is gradually removed.

The amount of feed per day depends on the age of the chickens, newborns are often given 10-15 g / individual per day, gradually increasing the rate to an adult diet.

In this case, food should be supplied to young animals under the age of 2 weeks evenly, for 6-7 meals a day, two weeks later they feed the chickens 4 times a day, after which they gradually transfer to 2-3 meals a day. At the age of 2 months, chickens become independent, so by this time they need to be transferred to an adult diet and diet.

We recommend that you learn how to make a brooder for rearing and keeping chickens.

Breed diseases

Like any other productive animals, highsex is characterized by characteristic diseases. They often develop among the entire population instantly and are characterized not only by an acute course, but also by serious consequences. Therefore, at the first signs of the development of any pathology, the farmer should definitely consult a veterinarian.

Traditionally, the breed is subject to the development of the following ailments:

  • Marek's disease - most common in chickens and young animals up to 5 months. Causes digestive disorders, weight loss, general depression of the body, which in advanced cases is supplemented by paralysis of the limbs. Its cause is all kinds of strains of herpes viruses. The disease does not have a well-established treatment therapy, since most often it is fought with periodic vaccination of birds. But, when revealing an acute focus, chickens are given complex antibiotics. The most popular among them is the drug Acyclovir. The dosage and duration of treatment with Acyclovir is determined solely on the basis of the general condition of the bird and only by an experienced veterinarian;
  • Newcastle disease is a complex viral disease caused by paramyxoviruses. The disease causes the accumulation of blood in organs and tissues, as well as hemorrhages. Treatment of the affected bird is dangerous and often inappropriate for the farm, therefore, infected individuals are killed and disposed of together with their products;
  • Gamboro infection is a dangerous viral nephrosis caused by pathogens from the genus Birnaviridae . Встречается недуг достаточно часто у цыплят в возрасте 1—4 недели и проявляется расстройствами пищеварения, которые в дальнейшем сопровождаются неврологическими патологиями. Инфекция не имеет эффективной терапии лечения, поэтому поражённый молодняк умерщвляют и утилизируют.

Did you know? Болезнь Ньюкасла была впервые выявлена и описана в 1926 году на острове Ява (Индонезия), инфекционистом Краневельдом.

Для того, чтобы избежать поражение птицы инфекциями, каждый фермер обязательно должен:

  • тщательно выбирать молодняк при омоложении стада;
  • проводить карантинизацию новых членов поголовья;
  • обеспечить курам оптимальное санитарное состояние мест содержания;
  • выкармливать подопечных исключительно качественными и проверенными кормами;
  • включать в рацион всевозможные витаминные добавки и подкормки;
  • обязательно проводит периодическую вакцинацию кур.

Куры хайсекс — это достаточно продуктивная и распространённая порода во всём мире. Эти птицы всего за нескольких месяцев способны любую птицеводческую ферму превратить в выгодное и продуктивное хозяйство. Но, чтобы несушки давали стабильную продукцию, для них обязательно следует создать благоприятные условия содержания, в том числе и оптимальную санитарную обстановку в местах содержания.

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