Hamedorea: description and features of home care
A guest from the tropics with the Greek name Chamedorea firmly established herself in offices and apartments. This was largely facilitated by Feng Shui experts, according to whom this plant brings good luck to the house and helps create a friendly atmosphere. One of the varieties of this home palm is bridble chamedorea, and it will be discussed in the article.
Bramble Chamedorea (Chamaedorea Breedbladig) is a modern hybrid of the well-known elegant Chamedorea (elegans). From the last Hamedorea, the bridle is distinguished by larger and more fragrant flowers and a rich, emerald shade of foliage. In addition, the bridle is slightly lower and reaches a height of only 1.5 m (however, provided the soil is fertile and comfortable, a large tub can grow up to 2 m).
The remaining morphological parameters of the Bridble and Elegance are identical:
- creeping green stalk (eventually acquiring a chestnut hue) with numerous thin shoots (vaya);
- 6-7 leaves on each shoot;
- long-arched, arched leaves of feathery shape;
- a leaf plate consists of 12–15 linear-lanceolate lobes 20 cm long;
- spherical bright yellow, slightly velvety flowers, similar to mimosa, collected in panicled inflorescences;
- black, spherical fruits, similar to berries, each of which contains one seed.
Did you know? In the countries of Central and South America, they eat not only berries, but also leaves, and unbroken buds of chamedorea inflorescences. They are considered an excellent vitamin supplement to salads.
Popular types of Hamedorea
In addition to the salon or cabinet palm trees, as graceful bridle and chamedorea are also called, the following varieties are popular:
- Plain . Low (1–1.5 m), but bushy plant with narrow, thin leaves of a light green hue. Unpretentious. Being planted in a wide flowerpot, it soon grows into a whole grove. Blooms with pale yellow flowers, but very rarely (approximately once every 70 years).
- Seifritsa . A large, sprawling plant capable of reaching 3 meters in height. For this reason, it is suitable for growing in spacious rooms with high ceilings. Demanding on moisture.
- Stolononosnaya . It features a large number of shoots, wide (10 cm) dark green leaves and orange flowers. Forms adnexal roots on stems.
- Metallica . This beautiful plant got its name due to lush, dense emerald leaves with a silvery sheen. In height reaches no more than 2 m.
- Ernest-Augustus . This palm tree is difficult to confuse with others due to the red tint of the flowers and large (50-60 cm long and 25 cm wide) leaves that resemble a heart in shape.
Growing at home
Hamedorea is considered a fairly unpretentious plant, however, when creating the conditions for its cultivation, one should remember the tropical origin of this palm.
Optimal conditions for growing
In the wild, chamedorea is used to growing in the shade of taller trees, so it should be protected from direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns, shading in the daytime. It is best to place a palm tree a meter away from the south or east windows, so it will receive enough light without harming the leaves. The main requirement for the pot is sustainability. The required diameter is usually indicated on the packaging of Hamedorea.
Important! Once every 2 weeks, the tub with a palm tree must be turned to the light source on the other side to achieve uniform growth and symmetry.
In the summer, temperature indicators should not exceed +22 ... + 27 ° С, and in winter, ideally, it is necessary to maintain the temperature + 16 ° С. In summer, chamedorea can be placed in the fresh air, protected from the sun, wind and rain. The dry air of centrally heated apartments and air-conditioned offices is often detrimental to Hamedorea. It is necessary to maintain air humidity of at least 60%.
Hamedorei are extremely demanding on soil nutrition.
In addition, the soil should be:
- friable (the lighter the younger the plant);
- air and water permeable;
- with a pH of 6.3–6.5.
You can buy ready-made soil for palm trees in a specialized store or you can prepare it yourself from equal parts of turf, humus, peat and 0.5 parts of agroperlite to improve soil properties.
Check out the chamedorea elegans.
Transplant technology after purchase
Hamedorea bridble does not tolerate a transplant, so transplanting it immediately after purchase is not recommended.
- Moisten the substrate.
- Wrap the leaves in a bag and fix so that they do not interfere with the transplant.
- Carefully remove the plant from the pot with part of the soil, being careful not to damage the roots.
- Pour a drainage layer (expanded clay, broken brick) into a new container.
- Put a palm tree in a new flowerpot and fill it with fertilized soil mixture.
- Remove the fixing bag.
There are nuances in caring for bridble chamedorea, which should be remembered if you want a palm tree to please you with its flowering.
The golden rule of watering is to prevent waterlogging of the soil. Bridble may exist for some time in dry soil, but waterlogging will be critical. In the summer, the palm is watered every 4 days, monitoring the condition of the soil: it should be dry already at a depth of 4 cm, and the smell of dampness and charm should not come from it.
Important! Water for irrigation should be settled and warm ( + 30 ° C). You can add citric acid to it (1 tsp. To 5 l of water) to soften.
Otherwise, you need to reduce the amount of water for irrigation. In winter, chamedorea is watered even less often - once every 6 days. Several times a month, it is advisable to wash the chamedorea under a warm shower.
Chamedorrhea is very responsive to feeding, in the spring and summer it should be fertilized every 3-4 weeks, in winter, feeding is stopped. It is best to use special complex mineral fertilizers in granules. Liquid fertilizers will not be the best choice, as they salt the soil, which the palm tree does not like. You need to be careful with organic dressings (ash, humus), since it is not known how this exotic will react to them.
Adult plants grow very much, so pruning is required to give them a neat, healthy appearance. It is performed as necessary, removing damaged and dry leaves. In this case, a sharp knife or secateurs disinfected with alcohol are used.
They try to position the slice closer to the base of the sheet so as not to leave stumps. To prevent fungal infection, the cut site is treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or sprinkled with powdered activated carbon or wood ash.
As already mentioned, the roots of the Chamedorea bridble are very fragile, and transplantation is a huge stress for them. That is why it is necessary to resort to this traumatic procedure as little as possible, only when the roots begin to peek out of the drainage holes of the pot.
Pest and Disease Control
If the dormancy regimen is not observed in winter (excessive watering and top dressing), the plant may become a victim of fungal infection (pink rot, root rot, brown spotting). In this case, preparations based on thiophanate-methyl and diphenoconazole will help: “Skor”, “Topsin-M”. Processing is carried out every 10 days until the symptoms of the disease completely disappear.
We recommend that you find out when you need to transplant indoor plants.
Hamedorea leaves are susceptible to attack by pests such as:
- Mealybug (shaggy louse). You can suspect its appearance by a characteristic white sticky trace on leaves, cracked branches and the death of inflorescences. If infection with a worm is at the initial stage, you can do it by thoroughly washing the leaves with a soap solution. If there are too many pests, you will have to use an insecticide ("Aktara", "Fitoverm").
- Spider mite . The first signs of its appearance: white dots and a spider line on the back of the leaves. If you do not stop the spread of the tick, the whole plant will be shrouded in cobwebs and white bloom. The tick may be a carrier of gray rot. To combat the tick use special preparations - acaricides ("Floromayt", "Bikol").
- Shield . Do not underestimate the scale shield due to its small size. This insect is able to drink all the juices from a palm tree. Accumulations of scale insects look like spots on leaves and trunks. If you skip the initial stage of infection, you can see a sticky liquid (pad) on the plant. The scabbard is removed mechanically (with cotton swabs or a toothbrush). After manual processing, the palm is sprayed with Aktara solution, paying special attention to the inside of the leaf.
It is not easy to propagate the beauty of chamedorea, this process requires skills and patience. Beginning flower growers prefer to acquire young plants in stores and garden centers.
Learn how to plant indoor flowers in a pot.
More experienced can try to grow a palm tree in one of the following ways:
- The seeds . The complexity of this method lies in the limited shelf life of the seed. To achieve good germination, they need to be planted immediately after harvesting, or at least in the next couple of months. Before planting, seeds should be soaked for 2–5 days in warm rain or melt water. You should also file each seed with a grindstone on one side to speed up germination. Seeds are placed in disposable cups filled with a mixture of equal parts of sphagnum, steamed sawdust and quartz sand, sawn down part. You do not need to sprinkle them, only slightly deepen into the substrate. Top containers are covered with a film. Seedlings are moved to the soil when the first leaves reach 2–4 cm.
- By dividing the bush . This method is not very suitable for bridble hamedorea due to the fragility of its roots. If you still want to plant a bush, it is better to combine this process with a transplant.
- By the kids . At the roots of the chamedorea, processes are formed annually. They can be transplanted into a separate pot after the appearance of 4-7 leaves and roots. In one capacity, 3-4 shoots are usually planted.
Useful growing tips
If you first became the owner of Hamedorea, the following tips and tricks will come in handy:
- Placing a palm tree on a windowsill is not a good idea due to too bright light and traditional proximity to central heating batteries. The optimal distance to the window is 1–1.5 m.
- Ideal spray water - rain or distilled.
- The palm grows slowly, in a year gives 2-3 branches. If growth has stopped, you should pay attention to the temperature of the earthen coma. It should be at + 25 ° C, otherwise the development of the root system and the absorption of nutrients slows down.
- Removing old leaves, you need to wait until they completely turn yellow and dry. The number of leaves removed per year should not exceed the total number of new ones.
Bridble Hamedorea is a hybrid of elegant Hamedorea, which has become more decorative in the process of selection (bright, large flowers and a more saturated shade of foliage). Its cultivation is not much different from growing other indoor palm trees, with the exception of an even more careful attitude to the fragile and sensitive roots of this plant.