Grape variety Transfiguration

Breeders around the world are working to improve the taste of grapes, while increasing the volume of the crop and other quality characteristics. So, thanks to their work, a hybrid variety was bred, which was called Transfiguration, or Preobrazhensky. If you decide to plant this grape variety in your area, then you should learn more about the features of caring for it and possible difficulties. This article will help you with this.

Grade history

The transformation was bred by Novocherkassk amateur breeder Viktor Krainov in 2004. Grapes have not yet been bred into a separate variety and is considered a hybrid form. The basis for this hybrid was seedlings of varieties Talisman and Kishmish. As a result of such crossing, grapes were obtained, which is characterized by large and juicy clusters. The appearance of this hybrid caused a real sensation among gardeners, and in a short time it has become so in demand that today it is grown both for private needs and on an industrial scale.

Did you know? As a result of the selection work of Victor Kraynov, in addition to the Transfiguration, 2 more hybrids were bred: the Anniversary of Novocherkassk and Victor, which received the unspoken name "Kraynov's Three".

Description of grapes Transfiguration

This hybrid belongs to the grapes of early ripening, which tolerates a decrease in temperature to -23ºС. Let's take a closer look at everything that is known about this hybrid.

Main characteristics

The growing season of this grape is 110–115 days, but in the southern regions it can ripen 5–10 days earlier. Thus, harvesting starts from late July to early August.

Check out the features of growing such table grape varieties: The growth rate of the bush is quite high, while the vine ripens quickly, and the cuttings quickly root. Gardeners also note the high ability of the hybrid to form stepsons, on which a second crop can form. The plant does not require special pollination, since the flowers are bisexual, due to which self-pollination occurs.

The weight of the average bunch is 0.7–1.5 kg, although brushes reaching 2 and even 3 kg were recorded. In shape, clusters are shapeless, cylindrical-conical or conical, their density is average, but loose can occur.

Photo gallery

The berries have a large shape, and their weight can reach 20 g. If we compare how an individual fruit looks, it resembles a lady’s finger in shape (an elongated oval). When the grapes ripen, its berries acquire a pink hue and are covered with a white waxy coating. However, ripening occurs gradually: first the “boletus” ripens, then it becomes sugary and only after that it acquires a pink color. Some gardeners involved in the sale of grapes do not wait for the coloring of the berry, so sometimes you can see green clusters of Transfiguration on the market.

The hybrid has a pleasant aroma, and the sweet taste is complemented by a slight acidity. Fleshy berries contain a lot of juice and are dressed in a thin and soft skin. The sugar content of this hybrid is 19 g / 1 cm³, and the acidity is 7–8 g / 1 l.

Harvest of this grape can be harvested twice: in August and in the middle of autumn. The second crop is usually harvested from stepchildren, which were untimely removed. On average, one bush gives about 20 kg of crop.

The hybrid form of grapes Transformation is characterized by good adaptation to various climatic changes. Unfortunately, this hybrid has average protection against parasites and fungi (3-5 points on the Hussfeld scale).

Advantages and disadvantages

The Transfiguration grapes, having appeared relatively recently in the areas of our gardeners, very quickly became one of their favorite varieties.

  • This hybrid has a number of advantages:
  • stable and rich harvest, sometimes twice a year;
  • high growth rates;
  • excellent transportability;
  • good survival and acclimatization even in adverse conditions;
  • resistance to frost.

  • However, the variety has its drawbacks:
  • with constant exposure to sunlight, the clusters do not acquire a pink color;
  • resistance to diseases and fungal bacteria is average;
  • during the period of active growth, regular treatment is needed;
  • the bushes need shelter for the winter.

How to Plant Transfiguration Grapes

It is best to plant the Transfiguration variety in spring or autumn. And although this grape is undemanding in the type of soil, a number of factors should be taken into account for greater efficiency. Let's consider them in more detail. Did you know? In medicine, there is such a direction as ampelotherapy. It includes a complex of preventive and therapeutic measures using grapes, and not only berries are used, but also leaves, vine and other parts of the plant.

Rules for choosing a landing site

The best results are given by bushes growing on a site with good illumination and at the same time closed from strong winds. For example, such a space may be the area on the south side of a building. So, the construction partially protects the grapes from the wind and at the same time in winter (partly due to the same effect) it will survive more severe frosts.

The variety is undemanding to the quality of the soil, however, planting it in chernozem will increase the productivity of grapes.

Important! Variety Transformation does not tolerate excess moisture. For this reason, groundwater at the landing site should be removed at least 1.5 m. It is worth considering that the bushes have a very powerful root system. If they are planted near trees, then competition will begin between plants for nutrients in the soil.

Landing Features

As mentioned above, grapes can be planted both in spring and autumn. However, spring is still a better time, since the earth will be warmer by this time and the plant will have a warm season ahead, unlike autumn, in the middle or at the end of which frosts often come. However, good results can be achieved with an autumn landing. The main thing: the planted material must be of high quality. Consider the features of planting seedlings and cuttings.


First of all, it is necessary to inspect the seedlings before preparing them for planting. They should not be dried or frostbitten, otherwise they will not be able to take root. To check the quality of the planted material, you can make a small incision on the stem. The slice must be green. Pay attention to the roots of a young plant. In a healthy seedling, they are white.

You need to prepare an escape the day before disembarkation. To do this, it is soaked in water and treated with a root growth stimulator. Later, the ends of the roots are trimmed a little.

Pits for landing dig at a distance of 2 m from each other. The depth of each should be twice the size of the roots themselves. A layer of expanded clay is poured at the bottom, which will act as a drainage. On top of it lay a layer of soil mixed with humus, and on it - a layer of ordinary earth. As a result, the pit should be filled up by 50%.

A sapling is placed in the obtained hole, slightly not reaching the level of the root neck. After that, fill the hole with earth and gently tamp. Planted plants are watered abundantly.


A bush with good productivity should become a donor for cuttings. The presence of three eyes in the handle is a prerequisite for planting. Before planting, all cuttings must be soaked in water (5-6 days), and then treated with a growth stimulator. The upper part for the period of soaking is sealed with paraffin in order to retain moisture inside.

Before planting, a stock is prepared: the old shrub is trimmed, its surface is leveled and carefully chopped so that the cuttings can be firmly inserted there. The joint is well lubricated with clay and pulled with a cotton cloth so that the fit is more dense. After that, the grapes are watered and spud. If within 2 weeks young shoots did not appear on the handle, then you need to cut the top of the stock and repeat the whole operation again.

Ripening time

The grapes of the Transfiguration are considered superearly, as it ripens in just 110–115 days.

How to care for grapes

Care consists of the following actions:

  • watering;
  • mulching;
  • fertilizer;
  • pruning
  • preparation for winter;
  • prevention of pests and diseases.
Let us consider in more detail each of the events.


Since the roots of the grapes go deep underground, it is important to provide the plant with enough moisture. In this case, excessive watering can harm the vine. Freshly planted seedlings are watered once a week at the rate of 2 buckets per bush.

A vine planted more than a month ago can be watered like an adult plant: once every 3-4 weeks at the rate of 4 buckets per bush.

Important! Excessive watering may cause the fruits to become tasteless and more watery. The death of grapes is not excluded . In the spring and autumn periods, it is necessary to produce water-charging irrigation. In autumn, this is necessary because dry earth freezes much stronger, and in spring - to awaken the kidneys.

Features of mulching

Mulching is carried out in order to retain moisture longer in the root system of the plant, saturate the soil with nutrients and prevent the growth of weeds near the bush. This process, carried out before the onset of winter, also protects the vine from freezing. Mulching is carried out in spring and autumn. Peat or humus can act as mulch, which is spread around the bush with a layer of 4 cm thick. Before the start of summer, the mulch is removed.

Fertilizer application

The vine is replenished with useful components in order to get a rich harvest. Fertilizers facilitate the growth of leaves, shoots and flowers. As a rule, the composition is dissolved in water in a certain proportion.

Important! Strictly observe the dosage of fertilizers indicated on the packaging and use the resulting solution within 24 hours. To feed plants in spring, before flowering, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are added. For example, complex fertilizers containing sodium, potassium, magnesium, boron (“Zircon” or “Crystal”) are often found on sale. Fertilizing the vine is not recommended in too hot a period and it is better to exclude the solution from getting on the inflorescences or berries.

How to crop and shape

The vine bush is usually cut in spring (before the awakening of the vine) or in autumn. This will form the bush itself and adjust the yield. Pruning itself is to shorten the fruitful part of the vine to 6-8 eyes, and shoots - up to 25 pcs. It is better to leave one brush on each shoot so as not to overload the bunch by weight in the future.

Shaping of the bush is usually carried out starting from the first year after planting a seedling or cuttings. Most often, fan-shaped molding is used. In this case, the so-called shoulder is first grown (a strong and healthy vine, which will serve as a kind of frame for the bush). The branch is left in the fall for 1 year, covering for the winter. In the second year, short sleeves are made (part of the vine on which the fruit-bearing branches will grow), located in the same plane at different angles of inclination. Each bush can have from 2 to 8 sleeves, after which the sleeves are carried away from each other. In the fall, the sleeves are cut off.

In the third year, the grape bush will begin to bear fruit abundantly. Prior to this, all kidneys that woke up on the shoulder should be removed. On each fruiting vine form 2-3 inflorescences. Choose the strongest from them, and the rest break out. In the autumn, pruning vines are cut off and the next year they repeat the same thing as at the beginning of the third year.

How to prepare for winter

In order for the vine bushes to survive the winter safely, they should be covered for the period of cold weather. For this, the vine is cut (about 3/4) and laid on the ground, then covered with soil and hay, and on top with slate for fixing.

Young growth is covered with buckets due to the small size of the bushes. The filling under the containers is taken the same as in the case of an adult vine.

Disease control

You can get the biggest crop only from a healthy bush. Unfortunately, grapes are susceptible to a number of diseases that have to be fought with when they occur.

Find out why grapes turn yellow and what to do.

Moreover, the variety Transfiguration is not characterized by increased resistance to disease. Consider methods of dealing with some of the most common ailments:

  1. Powdery mildew - is a fungus covering the leaves. Outwardly, it looks like a white coating on the foliage. To combat this disease, fungicides are used (Vitaros or Topaz).

  2. Infection with bacterial cancer - occurs when the vines are processed with an insufficiently sterile instrument. It is recognized by cracking of the cortex and the appearance of sagging in the resulting cavities. In this case, the infected part must be deleted altogether.

  3. After wintering, winegrowers may encounter spotty necrosis on the vine bushes. You can determine it by the appearance of spots on the leaves, followed by drying of the vine. To prevent the grape from dying, it is sprayed with preparations containing copper (Antracol, copper chloride or Cuproxate).
  4. Alternariosis is another disease that a vineyard owner may encounter. It can be identified by the characteristic brown and silver spots on the leaves of the grapes.

    To combat it, the vine should be treated with agents that include copper (copper chloride, Bordeaux mixture, Ridomil Gold).
However, the most effective way to protect the vineyard is the preventive spraying of bushes with antifungal drugs (Chorus or Bordeaux mixture) 2-3 times during the growing season.


10 tied hands on the Transfiguration the next year after overloading is still very good. This, in general, a very good grade, has one drawback - it has a weakness in the ripening of the vine !!! sania //

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