Grape variety Senator (Pavlovsky)
Pink nutmegs with large berries and a pleasant aroma are in demand by the consumer. The table variety bred by the miner from Lugansk, E. G. Pavlovsky, possesses such qualities. Let us consider the characteristic features of the Senator variety from Pavlovsky and its namesake from Bourdak, their advantages and disadvantages, how to plant cuttings and take care of them, we will find out what wine growers say about them.
Origin of the variety
Variety Senator was created by amateur breeder E.G. Pavlovsky, who is a miner in the Donbass profession. He has been collaborating with breeders VNIIViV them. Ya. I. Potapenko (Novocherkassk, Russia) and displays hybrids that are popular with winegrowers. The Senator hybrid was obtained by crossing two other table varieties - Gift Zaporozhye and PG-12, which is also called Maradona red. The result was a sweet pink variety with a floral aroma. The achieved winter hardiness is not the highest, therefore the most optimal places for growing are the southern regions, especially the Crimea, the Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory, and Pridonie.
Description of grapes Senator Pavlovsky
The variety from EG Pavlovsky has its own distinctive features.
The Senator grape variety from Pavlovsky has the following features:
- Average late ripening. It ripens in late August or early September.
- Excellent vigor, powerful and strong vine.
- Large green leaves, dissected, with dark green veins.
- The berries are large, oval, weighing an average of about 11.6 g, but can reach 18 g. Their color ranges from pink to dark red shades.
- The flowers are bisexual, the inflorescence is good, without peas.
- Average resistance to grape diseases.
- Frost resistance –23 ° С.
- The pulp is fleshy, juicy, sweet, with a nutmeg aftertaste and floral aroma.
- Good rooting of cuttings and compatibility with most stocks.
- Large clusters weighing 600-1500 g.
- Good ripening vines.
Important! The grape culture can grow well from 30 ° to 50 ° latitude of any of the hemispheres. Each variety prefers its own conditions. Some varieties grow well in Africa, while others prefer a cooler climate in European countries.
Advantages and disadvantages of Pavlovsky
- The Senator grape variety has earned recognition for the following qualities:
- rapid vine growth;
- high stable yields;
- sweet muscat flavor with a floral aroma;
- presentation of grapes;
- good transportability;
- ability to be stored;
- the opportunity to use for wine;
- relative unpretentiousness and stability.
- The minuses of the variety include:
- crackle of berries in rainy weather;
- insufficient frost resistance - the variety is not suitable for the North of the Russian Federation;
- often the clusters are too dense and you need to cut them with scissors on peas.
Grade Senator Bourdack
The hybrid of the same name was obtained by breeder A. Burdak in 2016 by crossing the table varieties Talisman × Arcadia. The result was a large white table grape with a nutmeg flavor. The berries are yellow-green, large, weighing up to 15–25 g, with fleshy and juicy sweet flesh. Bunches often reach 1.5 kg. Inflorescences are predominantly female type, well pollinated.
- The advantages of the variety include:
- early bearing
- large sweet berries with nutmeg;
- high resistance to diseases;
- high growth force;
- good rooting of cuttings;
- presentation of products;
- tolerates transportation well.
- The disadvantages of the variety include the following:
- he is still being checked;
- pollinators should grow nearby.
How to plant hybrids and care for grapes Senator
Both senator hybrids have great growth power and propagate well by cuttings. We learn more about planting cuttings of these varieties and caring for them.
The rooting process begins from the second half of February to the first half of March. First, the stalk is inspected - it should not be damaged, moldy, the fresh cut must have a green color, and the first kidney should be located at a height of about 2 cm from the base. Then, cruciform cuts are made on the base of the cut with a sharp knife. Of these, the roots should later take root. At the bottom of the can, a well-moistened cotton wool is placed with a layer of about 2 cm. The cotton wool is moistened as necessary, its drying should not be allowed. Slices of the cuttings are treated with wax or paraffin, and then placed in a jar and placed on the sunny side. After 14-21 days, the cuttings take root, give leaflets and grow. On the first kidney, the sheet is best removed.
Important! For grapes with functionally female flowers, cross-pollination is needed. This is achieved only when a variety with a different type of flowers is found next to it, blooming at the same time as the variety with FZhTTs.
After the appearance of roots of at least 0.5 cm, the stalk is planted in the ground for further development. The soil for planting is done as follows - nutrient soil is mixed (humus can be used) with sand 2 to 1. The soil is poured into prepared containers. As such containers, cut-off plastic bottles, in which a hole is made in the center of the base for draining water, are well suited. A layer of drainage (foam, fine gravel) is filled up at the bottom. Prepared soil is poured into the tank and a depression is made. Then the stem is gently placed in the ground, covered with soil and irrigated.
Did you know? The ancient Egyptians grew grapes for another 6 thousand years BC. e. Viticulture has gained particular popularity in ancient Greece. On the shield of Achilles was an image of a fruiting vineyard.
Is shrub plant top dressing necessary
To obtain a good crop, it is necessary to carry out fertilizing. For this purpose, organics are well suited - rotted manure or chicken droppings. In a 10 liter bucket, mix 0.5 liter of rotted manure (litter) and water the plant abundantly (1-2 buckets per 1 bush). In such a solution, it is useful to add wood ash. It will not only fertilize the soil well, but also protect the plant culture from various diseases.
Top dressing is applied three times a year:
- Immediately after the opening of the bush in the spring. Organic feeding is good during this period.
- On the eve of flowering. Mineral fertilizers are introduced - 3 parts of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus, 1 part of potassium.
- At the initial stage of fruit formation. Add top dressing from 2 parts of superphosphate and 1 part of potassium sulfate.
Did you know? The northernmost vineyard is located in Latvia (Tulsa). It grows one of the most frost-resistant varieties of universal purpose - Zilga.
How to water grape bushes
Senator grapes need regular and plentiful watering. It is enough to water it once a week, and in the heat at least 2 times a week. Do not allow the soil to dry out. Watering itself is carried out at a root, trying to prevent water from falling on the leaves, as this can provoke the appearance of sunburn.
Trim these vigorous varieties should be good. Usually they do a long pruning of 8–20 ocelli or medium pruning of 5–6 ocelli. Removing unnecessary shoots is carried out in the spring after budding. Experts recommend that for maximum ripening of the shoots at the end of August, minting of the vine is done - cut the top of the vine by 22-30 cm. When forming the bush, it is enough to leave two vines, and the extra shoots must be removed. Pruning is done in spring and autumn before shelter for the winter.
The Impact of Diseases and Pests
Various pests and diseases can have a negative effect on Senator grapes. During ripening, berries and birds are very attractive. Their invasion can completely destroy the entire crop. To protect berries from them, grape brushes are carefully placed in nylon bags with small cells. They do not allow winged pests to get to the fruit, but do not interfere with the flow of sunlight and air.
You can scare away birds by installing a garden scarecrow, as well as using brightly colored ribbons or cat models. Sticky traps are placed from the wasps or insecticide treatments are used. When these pests appear, it is necessary to find and destroy their nests. It is worth noting that wasps do not particularly like this grape variety.
Important! Do not spray chemical products during the flowering period of grapes. This can cause color fading and also impair pollination.
Leaf, felt and spider mites may appear on grapes. A spider mite can be noticed by the presence of a thin spider web, felt is detected by the presence of light tubercles on the outside of the leaf. The leaf mite actively infects the kidneys in the spring, and they then give immature shoots. To combat these insects, it is necessary to dispose of the affected and fallen leaves, weeds around the bushes and apply chemical preparations for spraying such as Actellik, Neoron, Omayt. Spraying is carried out three times with an interval of 7-10 days.
Experienced specialists in growing grapes recommend that preventive treatments be carried out against the appearance of many diseases. In the early spring after the opening of the grapes, it is recommended to spray the bushes with a sulfur solution (30 g of sulfur per 10 l) or Bordeaux liquid. It is also recommended to water the soil with a 3% solution of iron sulfate or Nitrafen.
Learn more about why grapes dry and how to deal with it.
During the ripening period of berries, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatments using a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. Against many diseases and insect pests, treatment with chemicals such as “Bi-58”, “Topaz”, “Teovit”, “Fufanon”, which are produced 2-3 times before the fruit ripens at intervals of 7-10 days, helps.
Senator grape reviews
Vine growers growing the Senator variety from Pavlovsky praise its strong nutmeg taste and floral smell. They say that with such a berry you get a good compote and you can make a wine of pleasant taste. The skin is somewhat dense, but does not allow the wasps to hit itself. Sometimes there are complaints that the clusters are too dense, and the berries in them begin to choke, but this is easy to fix if they are still cut green. Lovers of rich taste and aroma are delighted with it.
Lovers of table varieties with nutmeg will appreciate the Senator varieties from both creators. The hybrid from Pavlovsky is saturated pink-red, time-tested and has a more saturated taste and smell, and the Burdak variety has pleasant yellowish berries, greater sugar accumulation, brush size and disease resistance.