Grape variety "Everest"

The article collected information about the cultivation of one of the new and little-studied hybrid grape varieties of Russian selection under the name "Everest". It is valued for its high level of yield and the ability to receive fruits in the early stages.

Variety selection history

The Everest hybrid was bred by the famous Russian amateur breeder Yevgeny Pavlovsky. To obtain it, the winegrower combined such varieties as B-12-1, Talisman, K-81. The work was carried out not so long ago, so the capabilities of the hybrid have not yet been fully studied.

Did you know? In 1980, in one of the tombs excavated in China, 2 bottles of the oldest grape wine in the world were found. They date from 1300 BC. e.

Description of grape variety "Everest"

The hybrid is considered a table variety. Fruits ripen in a short time - 115-120 days after the appearance of the kidneys. Harvest can be harvested from mid or late August, depending on the region of growth.

Video: Everest grape variety description

Main characteristics

We offer a closer look at the external data and taste characteristics of the hybrid in question.

Characteristics of brushes

Everest brushes are large, attractive in appearance. In shape, they resemble a cone or a cylindrical cone. Their density is average. Transportability is good. The weight of one piece varies from 0.6 to 1.2 kg.

Description of berries

Bunches form large grapes in the form of ovals. In the mature state, they have a dark red color with a thick waxy coating. On average, 1 grape can weigh from 15 to 25 g.


The shoots of this hybrid grow quickly and grow very tall. The vine can ripen to its full length.

Taste and marketability of the Everest variety

The pulp in grapes is juicy and meaty. It has a small number of seeds. The skin is dense, but it is well chewed when consumed. The taste and aroma of the pulp is pleasant.

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There are no exact data on the yield level of Everest grapes in open sources. It is reported that she is tall. The hybrid is suitable both for personal use and for sale.


Having a fairly dense skin, grapes are able to tolerate transportation and remain intact afterwards, suitable for consumption and sale.

Frost resistance

How “Everest” is resistant to colds is not known today.

Resistance to diseases and pests

We have already noted that the Everest hybrid is a new variety on the market, and many of its features have not yet been studied. One of the unknown abilities of this hybrid is resistance to ailments characteristic of grapes and harmful insects. According to observations, its grapes are rarely affected by wasps.

Advantages and disadvantages

  • Among the advantages of the Everest hybrid, it is worth mentioning:
  • the fruits ripen in the early stages;
  • the plant gives stable crops;
  • the fruits have excellent taste and marketability;
  • cuttings are well rooted;
  • grape bushes quickly adapt to various climate conditions;
  • the crop does not deteriorate during transportation;
  • berries are not susceptible to peeling;
  • bisexual flowering, which contributes to good pollination and increased productivity;
  • grapes are practically not damaged by wasps and do not crack.
So far, only one drawback of the variety has been identified - this is the high cost of planting material, so it may not be available to everyone who wants to grow a hybrid.

Also, the disadvantages include the fact that, due to insufficient knowledge of the abilities of the variety, there is no information about its resistance to cold and basic ailments and pests.

Features of planting and reproduction

The success of growing grapes depends on the proper planting, proper selection of the plot, planting material and soil.

Berry bushes can be planted both in autumn and spring. The exact timing of planting will depend on climatic conditions.

In the fall, landing is made in mid-October. After being placed in the ground, the bushes are immediately covered for wintering.

In spring, grapes are planted when steady warm weather sets in: from late March to mid-April. Those seedlings that have green shoots need to be planted later - in May or June. In the case of a forecast for return frosts, the bushes will also need to be covered.

The best place for planting grapes is a well-lit, not shaded place, sheltered from the winds. An excellent location option is the south or southwest side of the building, along the fence.

It is necessary to control that groundwater is not close to the site. They should be located at a depth of 2–2.5 m. Also, there should be no flooding in the spring.

When planting, the recommended interval between the bushes is 1.5–2 m. A minimum distance of 1 m should be maintained from the construction to the grapes.

Everest grapes are undemanding to the soil. Loams, sandy loam, clay, sand and even rocky soil are suitable for growing grape bushes.

Also find out if grapes can cause allergies and how they manifest.

There are 2 ways to propagate grapes:

  1. Seedlings.
  2. Inoculation of cuttings.
Cuttings for spring planting need to be prepared in the fall. Root them in containers with water. Then they need to be stored in cool conditions. Before planting, the site is carefully checked for the presence of phylloxera.

The technology of planting seedlings is as follows:

  1. 10-14 days before the planned planting, prepare a pit with dimensions corresponding to the root system of plants: an average of about 80 cm in depth and width.
  2. Pour the soil saturated with nutrients, 0.5 buckets of humus, fertile soil at the bottom of the landing pit.
  3. On the day of planting, cut the seedling, leaving 2 shoots with 2 eyes on it.
  4. Then place it in the center of the pit so that the root neck is at the edge level.
  5. Spread the roots.
  6. Cover up with remaining soil.
  7. Tamp lightly.
  8. Water abundantly.
  9. Install trellis or support pegs.
  10. Mulch the near-stem circle with mowed grass, peat, sawdust, moss, etc.

We advise you to read why white plaque appears on grapes and how to treat it. If seedlings are purchased in the store, then you must choose those that have at least 2 strong roots and 2 buds.

To make a landing using vaccination, you need:

  1. Cut the old bush, leaving 10 cm from the soil.
  2. Split the stump into 2 parts.
  3. Insert the trimmed end of the scion into it.
  4. Tightly tied.
  5. To carry out a plentiful coating with moistened clay.

Grape Care "Everest"

Caring for this variety is easy. Only periodic watering, top dressing, annual pruning, soil care and preventive treatments against the disease and harmful insects will be required.

Bush shaping and pruning

Mandatory procedure for grapes is pruning. It is necessary in order to form a beautiful bush, to forestall the development of diseases and pest attacks, to stimulate the development of new shoots and increase productivity.

In the first year after planting, pruning is not performed. At the end of July, a pinch is required. And in the fall, you need to cut green shoots that did not have time to ripen.

Subsequently, the branches are pruned by the method of long trimming, that is, 4–5 strong shoots are left, which are shortened every year, leaving 8–10 eyes on each. You will also need to completely cut off the minor shoots. Subsequently, the branches are pruned by the method of long trimming, that is, 4–5 strong shoots are left, which are shortened every year, leaving 8–10 eyes on each. You will also need to completely cut off the minor shoots.

Did you know? The remains of ancient grapes are found in Georgia and Turkey. They date back to 6000 BC. e.

Watering and soil care

Watering grapes is often not necessary. With normal rainfall, 3-4 humidifications per season are required. In the dry period, the number of irrigations will need to be increased. Under 1 bush, about 10-20 liters of water are poured. Water should be at a warm temperature. Pour it slowly, in small portions, waiting for a gradual absorption.

Watering must be accompanied by loosening and mulching. As mulch use mowed grass, peat, sawdust.

Loosening is required to prevent the formation of a hard crust on the soil surface, to improve its air and moisture permeability. On loose soil, minerals are better delivered to the roots.

As necessary, weeds should be removed. This will avoid the development of certain diseases and the invasion of parasite insects, and also will not allow weeds to take nutrients from the vine bushes.

Fertilizer application

Grape bushes can be fed up to 5 times per season. The first 3 bait must certainly contain nitrogen. Subsequent - phosphorus and potassium. The viticulturist can acquire ready-made fertilizers and make them under the root in accordance with the instructions or prepare top dressing on their own.

You can create your own fertilizer application schedule or stick to the following table:

Application TimeFertilizer Options
Before the growing season (at air temperature + 16 ° С)1. Superphosphate (20 g) + potassium salt (5 g) + ammonium nitrate (10 g). Consumption - 10 l / 1 bush.

2. Complex fertilizer.

Before flowering1. Superphosphate (20 g) + potassium salt (5 g) + ammonium nitrate (10 g) + boric acid (5 g). Consumption - 10 l / 1 bush.

2. Nitrophos (60-70 g / 10 l).

3. Mullein (2 kg / 5 l): insist 2-3 days, dilute with water to 12 l.

4. Bird droppings (50 g / 10 l), insist 2-5 days.

After floweringKalimagnesia (10 g) + ammonium nitrate (20 g) + water (10 l).
10–20 days before harvestSuperphosphate (20 g) + potassium fertilizer without chlorine (20 g) + 10 l of water
Fall1. Potassium salt (10 g) + superphosphate in granules (20 g) + boric acid (1 g) + zinc sulfate (2 g) + manganese sulfate (2 g) + potassium iodine (1 g).

2. Overripe manure (2 kg / 1 m²).

3. Liquid bird droppings (1 kg / 1 liter of water / 1 m²).

4. Wood ash (300 g / 10 l of water / 1 m²).

Important! Fertilizers should be applied only at the recommended periods and clearly observing the dosage. The uncontrolled introduction of bait weakens the vine bushes, making them vulnerable to damage from diseases and harmful insects.

Diseases and Pests

To avoid defeat by diseases and harmful insects, it is imperative to carry out at least 3 preventative treatments using chemical preparations:

  1. When the shoots reach a height of 10 cm - Bordeaux liquid, copper chloroxide and colloidal sulfur.
  2. Before flowering - means "Strobe" or other systemic fungicide.
  3. After flowering - the mixture used during the first treatment.

Shelter for the winter

Since the winter hardiness of Everest has not yet been studied, shelter for the winter is an obligatory procedure for him. Do it immediately before the onset of frost. To harden the plant, it must survive the slight frosts uncovered.

Shelter grapes before wintering are produced in several ways:

  • ground - the vines are laid in grooves and covered with a 15–20-cm layer of soil;
  • wooden shields that are installed on both sides of the beds and are closed with a "house";
  • slate - the vines are twisted, laid in bags and in dug ditches, and then covered;
  • coniferous spruce branches - shoots are laid in ditches, on boards and covered with fir branches.

    It should be understood that the method of shelter must be thought out before placing grape seedlings in the ground, since the planting technology will depend on it.

    Important! Before preparing the grapes for winter, a month before the shelter, it must be abundantly watered - 20 liters for each bush.

    So, grapes “Everest” only recently began to be developed by winegrowers, its characteristics are still poorly understood. For its successful cultivation, it is necessary to correctly select a site for planting, choose healthy and strong seedlings, as well as carry out at least minimal care. Drafts, close occurrence of groundwater and spring flooding are fatal for grapes.

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