Grape variety Kishmish Nakhodka

Kishmish is called not one specific variety, but a group of grape varieties whose berries do not contain seeds. In addition, each such variety has its own characteristics. Below are the characteristics of the Nakhodka variety and the basics of caring for it.

Selection history

The find is an author's variety, which was bred by Russian breeder from Novocherkassk V.N. Krainov. He began experiments with obtaining hybrid seeds in 1995-96 and in his life he bred more than 40 original varieties.

Kishmish Nakhodka was obtained from two popular varieties. The seedless grapes Radiant conveyed their harmonious taste and good transportability, and from the table Talisman of a new variety they managed to adopt disease resistance and frost resistance.

Did you know? One of the earliest mentions of sultanas is in an Uzbek fairy tale of 1212, in which the main character uses sweet berries to pacify the horse.

Description varieties Kishmish Nakhodka

This hybrid belongs to the table varieties of early shelf life and demonstrates good ripening of the vine, high yield and stability.

general characteristics

The variety has the following characteristics:

  • bush growth - medium-strong;
  • bunch - large size, up to 1.5 kg;
  • cluster form - conical, medium-dense;
  • berry mass - 7-8 g;
  • berries of shades of pink, elongated, without seeds or with a minimum of their vestiges (residues);
  • taste - harmonious, sugar content of 19–22%, acidity of 4–7 g / l;
  • pulp of medium density, the skin is thin and strong;
  • ripening period - 110–115 days;
  • productivity - up to 6 kg per bush.

Advantages and disadvantages

  • The benefits of the raisins Finds include:
  • early ripening;
  • viability and easy rooting;
  • weak wasp damage;
  • excellent transportability;
  • frost resistance up to -24 ° C.

  • The disadvantages are:
  • low resistance to mildew and gray rot;
  • Needs rationing of the crop.

Did you know? In ancient Afghanistan, bunches of grapes were sealed in clay cones, preserving the freshness of berries for a long period.

Features of growing raisins

This variety is reliable and unpretentious to the growing conditions, however, to obtain high rates, it is advisable to adhere to the recommendations below.

Shaping and trimming

Grapes feel best in a sunny area with loamy or light loamy sandy soil. To support the shoots, trellises are used from wire stretched over the poles, placing the lower one at a height of 50 cm from the ground and with the same interval between them.

In the first years after planting, you need to properly form a bush, for which there are several ways. The fan shape and sloping cordon are the most popular in homestead viticulture.

You will also be interested to learn about the features of growing grapes Kishmish “Century” and “Attica”.

Fan forming in several sleeves

The number of hoses from the central trunk is determined by the fertility of the soil and the possibility of additional watering.

For three years, they carry out such events with the plant:

  1. After planting, 1-2 shoots are grown for the sleeves (“shoulders”), which are cut into 4-6 eyes in the first autumn and covered for the winter.
  2. During the second season, 4 sleeves are formed, breaking off the stepsons throughout the season. In autumn, the shoots are tilted to the bottom row of trellis at an angle of up to 45 ° and cut off, retreating from the wire upwards by 15–20 cm. These sleeves are tied and covered from frost.
  3. During the third growing season, the sleeves are fixed on the trellis and grown on each of 2 shoots. This season leave 1 bunch for 2-3 shoots. In autumn, after ripening, the lower vine is cut into a knot of substitution (3-4 eyes), and 6–8 eyes are left on the upper one (up to 10 at Nakhodka).
  4. In the fourth year, long fruit branches are tied up horizontally and the crop is grown on vertical shoots.

Oblique or oblique cordon

This form greatly simplifies the winter shelter and is grown with one or two sleeves in this way:

  1. For the first season, you need to grow one or two long shoots (“shoulders”) to the maximum length, let them mature, removing the growth point at the end of summer.
  2. In the second year, the shoulders are placed horizontally and tied to the lower trellis wire, then up to 5 sleeves are grown on them with a distance between them of 50–80 cm.
  3. In the third year and beyond, the standard pruning of the finished fruiting vine is performed, leaving 1 shoot of substitution on the sleeve, 8-10 eyes long.

Formed bushes must be subjected during the season to the following procedures:

  • removal of shoots from sleeping buds;
  • removal of tees and doubles;
  • regulation of inflorescences;
  • garter and herding;
  • pinching of vigorous shoots.

Important! When autumn pruning, it is recommended to leave 3-4 spare eyes, which are then removed in the spring by debris shoots.


Grapes can grow without additional watering, however, for a full yield, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil and leaves. The vine shows a lack of water by drying the edges of the leaf and yellowing the leaf plate.

Grapes should get hydration:

  • immediately after opening;
  • in the phase of 20-30 cm of young shoots;
  • before and after flowering;
  • during softening of berries and after another 2 weeks.

After harvesting, water-loading irrigation is required before winter shelter.

Top dressing

Grape nutrition is divided into 2 types:

  • every year during growth, the plant is fed with liquid organic or mineral fertilizers;
  • every 2-3 years they use complex special formulations that are applied in the fall or spring (according to the instructions).

A trench is dug around the bush or 4 holes are placed, where fertilizer is laid to a depth of 40-50 cm. It should be borne in mind that the mixture used from the moment of ripening of the berries should not contain nitrogen.

Preparing for the winter

Despite the stated frost resistance, Nakhodka bushes in the northern regions are best covered. When the crop is harvested, and the vine is ripe, carry out the necessary pruning and processing with solutions of copper or iron sulfate. Fallen leaves must be collected from under the bushes by hand.

Important! If the plants were sick with fungal diseases, the fallen leaves need to be burned away from the vineyard!

The connected vines are laid in a trench dug between the rows to a depth of about 20 cm, crushed and sprinkled with earth in the form of knolls up to 30 cm high.

Protection against diseases and pests

Kishmish Nakhodka is rated three points for resistance to mildew and two points for resistance to gray rot.

The variety needs preventative treatment and, according to the owners, three sprayings are required for the resistance of the bushes to fungal diseases:

  • before flowering;
  • after flowering;
  • 20 days after the second treatment.

To combat mildew, they are also sprayed with foggy and rainy weather, which is favorable for the development of spores of the disease. It is recommended to combine contact and systemic fungicides, as well as alternate different mixtures to avoid addictive pathogens.

Possible pests are destroyed by special preparations according to the instructions, special attention should be paid to the termination of processing before harvesting.

Seedless varieties are popular for fresh consumption and are in demand in the seedling market. Kishmish Nakhodka has a number of advantages that allow you to recommend it for homestead vineyards in various regions.

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