Grape variety Asya: photo and description, cultivation secrets

Grapes are a popular fruit that is enjoyed with pleasure both in summer and in winter. Bright, sweet, aromatic fruits are used to make wines and juices, and also added to various salads. One of the varieties that you should pay attention to is Asya grapes. And how remarkable it is, how to grow it and what problems may arise, we will tell further.

Selection history

Asya grapes were bred by Ukrainian winegrowers as a result of crossing two grape varieties - Demeter and Dunav. Zoned in the southern regions and on the Black Sea.

Grade description

Asya grapes were developed not so long ago and is a hybrid wine variety. It belongs to early ripening crops: full ripening of berries occurs 115–130 days after buds open.


Bushes are characterized by good growth power. With proper care, the vine quickly increases wood. Sprouts are strong, thick, but rather fragile. Leaves are five-lobed, bright green. Inflorescences of grapes are only female, which leads to the need to resort to auxiliary pollination. To do this, Asya grapes are recommended to be planted next to bisexual species that have the same flowering period.

The shape of the clusters is conical, loose, about 40 cm long. The weight of the hands is on average 700–1000 g. The berries are large, about 12–18 g, up to 4 cm long. When ripe, they turn purple-red. The pulp of ripe berries is dense, crispy, covered with a thin peel. The taste is standard, with a slight acidity. Sugar content reaches 18–20% with an acidity of 4–5 g / l.

Did you know? The largest vineyard in the world was founded in 1842 in California. After half a century, he gave more than 9 tons of crops.

Grape application

The resulting variety does not differ in excellent taste characteristics, but is perfect for the production of juices, wines (in combination with other varieties), preserves, compotes.

Advantages and disadvantages

Each culture has its pros and cons.

  • The positive qualities of the Asya variety include:
  • beautiful large clusters;
  • lack of peeling;
  • early ripening;
  • universality of application;
  • high and constant productivity;
  • good adaptability of the bushes.

  • Among the negative characteristics, the following are noted:
  • the need to shelter for winter time;
  • mediocre taste;
  • average transportability;
  • susceptibility to disease;
  • mandatory additional care.

Proper fit

Planting grapes is not particularly difficult, but to get a good result, you must adhere to the rules of agricultural technology.

How to choose quality seedlings when buying

It is recommended to purchase cuttings exclusively from trusted manufacturers or in special nurseries. You should not rely on the advertising of dubious winegrowers - there is a possibility of buying either diseased seedlings or cuttings of the wrong variety. Good seedlings should be 1-2 years old.

Selecting planting material, first of all, inspect the root system. The calcaneal roots should be brown, formed, have branches and many filamentous processes. At the root cut, the color becomes light brown, but not black.

You should not take a seedling with a large number of developed sprouts - the bottom and top of the scion should be balanced. The volume of roots should be no less than the green mass: such a plant will better take root and acclimatize. An important parameter is the presence of leaves. They should not have notches, be bright green in color, without yellow ends and deformations. In addition, the seedling should have a well-formed apical bud.

Important! Black, short, shriveled, ragged or sparse roots are an indicator of an unsuitable cuttings.

Where to plant on the site

For the Asya variety, it is better to choose the southern part of the garden or structure, near which the culture will be protected from gusts of wind and get enough light. For the root system of grapes, a lower arrangement of groundwater is preferable.

Soil should be prepared in advance. Sandy or clay soil is diluted with peat or sand. In case of increased acidity, ash is added to the ground. Also, the plot is fertilized (organic dressings are used) and dug up (depth - 15–20 cm).

Did you know? In ancient times, grape pickers wrote a will before starting work, because grapes love to curl through trees and are climbed very high. Over time, the tree died and dried up, the branches often broke off under the weight of a person, so grape harvesting was a very dangerous activity.

How to plant

Planting time does not matter - Asya grapes take root perfectly if planted in spring or autumn. Despite the chosen period, care should be taken so that the cuttings take root before frost. Spring planting is safer. The plants planted in the spring have time to grow stronger and adapt before the onset of cold weather, stiffening and forming the root system. Such bushes give grapes for the next season.

Planting in the autumn is better because young bushes are gradually adapting to weather conditions. In winter, such seedlings are sheltered in the spring to get a healthy bush, ready to withstand spring frosts. Grapes can be planted both in separate holes and in a trench.

At the same time adhere to such rules:

  1. Depth and width of the pit or trench. These parameters are completely determined by the size of the roots. As a rule, the depth should be at least 70 cm. Between cuttings leave a distance of 1.5–2 m, between rows - 2–2.5 m.
  2. Fertilizer landing pit. A fertile earth mixture enriched with complex fertilizers is added to each well.
  3. The correct placement. The heel part is placed in the hole with the peg, and only then the roots are straightened.
  4. The final work. After pouring the pit on ½, the soil around the cuttings is abundantly watered, then they are covered with earth and carefully tamped.

Video: planting grape seedlings

Features of seasonal care

Caring for Asya grapes is somewhat different from caring for other varieties. The main thing that you need to remember to get a good harvest is that the variety has only female inflorescences, so it needs additional pollination.

Important! You can not tie the plant vertically: in this case, only the upper eye will develop, and the rest will either grow weakly or not wake up at all.


Humidify the soil near the bushes several times a season, taking into account the plant's need for moisture. In arid, hot times, they are watered more often. On average, grapes need 3-4 buckets of water for each bush.

Top dressing

In the first 3-4 years after planting, it is not necessary to feed grapes. In the future, liquid fertilizer is used to fertilize the soil, combining them with watering. Nutrients alternate: minerals are replaced by organic. Nitrogen-containing preparations give good results, which are introduced in spring (before the start of the growing season and before flowering), and in the summer they are fertilized with potash and phosphorus complexes.

Learn how to properly care for grapes in the summer so that you have a good harvest.

Prop and garter shoots

Grapes are needed to maintain the quality of the future crop and increase its quantity. To allow the kidneys to develop evenly, the vine needs to be correctly positioned. They also tie up the culture in order to protect it from gusts of wind and provide a more favorable environment for growth. In essence, grapes are lianas, so in natural conditions they have no shape: with their thin, tenacious tendrils, plants hold onto rocky surfaces or tree branches and stretch upward.

With a garter, a sleeve is formed on the bottom row, and the shoots themselves are attached higher. For Asya grapes, a garter is made at a level no lower than 50 cm. At the same time, a slope of 45-60 ° is observed. Tie only with fabric strips, so as not to damage the vine.

Soil care

To get a stable crop, the soil around the bushes is periodically cleaned of weeds, old and fallen branches, and extra stepsons. Fallen foliage and weeds are sources of many diseases, so they are carried away from plantings and burned. After wetting, the soil is loosened and mulched with a 3-5 cm layer of the root zone in order to increase the air permeability of the soil and retain moisture for as long as possible. As a mulch, a husk of sunflower or onion, as well as mowed grass, will do.

Important! Pruning is done carefully - the vine is very fragile.


Since the variety is prone to powerful growth and the appearance of many stepsons, the bush must be regularly trimmed (normalized). In spring, the sprouts are cut into 6-8 eyes, leaving up to 40 stepsons for each bush. In the summer, unnecessary shoots and inflorescences are cut, as well as thin out foliage. In autumn, the shoots are shortened by 2/3 and the bush is prepared for wintering.

Cold protection

The variety tolerates frosts well, but still needs additional shelter. To do this, before the onset of frost, the processed vine is laid on the boards and covered with a heater (for example, agrofibre or black dense film). Important! Excess moisture, as well as drying out the soil, is harmful to the plant.

Having made the decision to plant “Asya” grapes at your site, you will make the right decision, because a culture will appear in the garden that will delight not only with a plentiful and stable harvest, but also with a beautiful decorative look.

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