Ginur flower: home care
If you are fond of indoor floriculture and want to replenish the collection of your plants with an exotic specimen, we advise you to pay attention to the ginura. Due to its species diversity and bright color palette, this unique flower will not leave indifferent even experienced gardeners. We will talk about how to care for the ginura and propagate it at home, in our material.
Botanical description of the plant
Ginura violet, or blue bird - an ornamental plant of the family Asteraceae. Beautiful foliage has a purple pubescence, which makes the flower spectacular and catchy.
Ginura begins to bloom in early spring, and fades in the fall. At the same time, a fetid odor is produced in the flowers, so they are cut off at the bud stage. External distinctive parameters of the ginura are described in the table:
|Root system||Fibrous, tuberous|
|Leaf shape||Oblong lanceolate|
|Leaf color||Green with a purple tint|
|Flower color||Purple, orange, golden|
|Fruit shape||Small rounded seeds|
The main types
Ginura is striking in its diversity: there are both low-growing species, and quite tall, orange, pink, green and purple, wicker and ordinary, so everyone can choose a plant to their taste. Consider the main types of this flower:
- Orange ginur can be recognized by the high growth of shoots (up to 1 m). At the bottom are egg-shaped leaves, at the top are sharp edges, purple in color. Leaves and stems are fleecy. The villi have a purple color, the flowers are orange or golden.
- The braiding ginur is recognized by drooping lashes. It is grown as an ampel plant. The flower reaches a height of not more than 60 cm. Its foliage is small, but long - about 7 cm.
- Climbing ginura is extremely rare. It is grown under special conditions in the greenhouse. It has the appearance of a semi-spreading shrub. Oval leaves along the edge are covered with cloves. It is best to grow this species in a cache-pot. This is convenient for long two-meter lashes hanging down.
- Ginuru prostrate highlights its medicinal property: leaves can be eaten to treat diseases of the digestive system.
- Variegate ginur is characterized by numerous branches with green sharp leaves with pink-purple fringe.
House growing conditions
For the full growth, development and flowering of ginura, it is important to take care of its location, temperature and water conditions.
Location and Lighting
Place the pot with the ginura on the windowsill, which is located on the east or west side of the apartment. If you put it on a window located in the southern part, then you need to take care of the shading of the flower. In winter, you should put the plant in the most lighted place and provide it with illumination.
Provide the flower with moderate air temperature. For summertime, the ideal range would be +20 ... + 25 ° С, for winter - +12 ... + 14 ° С. It is important to protect the plant from draft, but observe the ventilation mode.
For ginura, increased humidity is important. To do this, place the plant on a wide pallet where you periodically add water. An alternative would be to spray the area around the flower with a spray bottle.
Did you know? Ginura translated from Greek means "woman with a tail." This name is due to the outgrowth on the flower in the form of a tail.
How to care at home
In order for the ginura to bloom beautifully, it must be properly and promptly watered, fertilized, periodically pruned and transplanted.
During the growing season, the plant should be watered evenly and abundantly. Irrigate the ground when the topsoil is slightly dry. In winter, the frequency and abundance of watering should be reduced. Water should be soft and warm, previously settled. Make sure that water does not get on the leaves, otherwise brown spots will appear.
During the growing season (spring and summer) you need to fertilize the plant 1 time per month. These can be ready-made fertilizers for decorative deciduous house plants. In winter, feeding should be discarded.
Learn how to feed indoor plants at home.
After winter colds, pruning should be done. This will increase bushiness and accelerate plant growth. To do this, you just need to pinch off the top of each stalk of the ginura.
A transplant should be done when the flower is still young, but its root system is already too dense. This procedure is usually carried out in the second year after planting.
- Water the plant well.
- Make a pot that is slightly larger than the flower at the moment.
- Lay down the drainage layer and the soil mixture with turf soil.
- Remove the ginura from the old pot with the soil.
- Carefully remove the old ground from the root system. To do this, use a stick or pencil, but do everything so as not to damage the roots.
- Set the flower in the center of the pot so that the roots rest against the ground.
- Spray the new soil mixture so that the roots are completely covered with soil.
Important! After replanting the flower, it is necessary to completely stop watering it for 2 to 3 days and carry the plant into the shade. Otherwise, it will not survive.
Video: Ginura transplant
Propagation by cuttings
The propagation procedure by cuttings is carried out in spring and summer:
- Carefully cut the stalk, put it in a glass of water and place it in a warm, bright place.
- Within 10 days, the stalk will take root.
- After that, the stalk is planted in the ground.
Did you know? Due to the asymmetrical shape of the leaves, cut along the edges, the ginura is popularly nicknamed the "crocodile".
In general, this plant is quite resistant to various diseases and pests. But if you take care of the ginura incorrectly or insufficiently, then it can become sick and even die. Consider the main diseases and pests of this domestic flower, and how to deal with them.
If something is wrong with the plant, it will signal you about this with changes in its appearance:
- If the roots rot, the problem lies in excessive watering. It is necessary to reduce the abundance and frequency of irrigation.
- If the leaves become bright green rather than purple, the flower lacks light. Put it on a more lighted windowsill.
- If black spots appeared on the leaves, then you dripped water on them. Avoid moisture on the leaves and use a spray bottle to irrigate the soil, which will provide less intensive watering.
- If the flowers give off a nasty smell, and the foliage dries up, you need to remove the flowers and all the buds.
- If the ginura dropped its leaves or began to sag, transplant it.
In addition to diseases, ginura can suffer from the influence of harmful insects:
- If the foliage changed its shape and became sticky, green dots appeared on it - this is aphid . Spray the flower with Peretrum or Actellic.
- If scale insects appear, treat with Actellik solution. Repeat the procedure after 7 days.
- Small white moths are whiteflies . Spray the plant with Actellic, Mospilan, Fufanon, Fosbetsidom or Confidor.
- They saw mealy worms that suck out ginura juice and hit the roots, use “Aktara”, “Mospilan”, “Fitoverm”, “Calypso” or “Biotlin”.
- If a web has appeared, it means that a tick is wound on the plant. In this case, process the flower with Actellic.
Signs and superstitions
There is a belief that ginura can help a woman become happy, therefore this flower is a welcome gift for the fair sex. In addition, it cleanses the house of negative energy and helps get rid of scary dreams.
Esotericists say that if you plant a flower that smells unpleasant (and ginura refers to such plants), it will help to prevent gullible and too amorous people from hasty decisions and mistakes.
So, obviously, ginura is an unusual home plant. It requires sufficient attention and care, timely watering and lighting, fertilizer and transplantation. But the beauty and exoticism of this flower are worth it.
It’s a very good plant, it grows fast, it’s very interesting to look and there are no problems, only it needs to be hung somewhere, that would be where the growth is. (I took from a friend in the spring a small shoot - now I have it already about a meter). lenos //forum.bestflowers.ru/t/ginura-gynura.7655/#post-125422