Frost peach - especially planting, growing and care
One of the most delicious peach varieties in the world is the Frost variety. After ten years of testing in the state of Washington, the variety entered the top ten varieties for its commodity and taste characteristics. The article will describe the characteristic features of this variety, agricultural techniques of cultivation, care and a number of other points.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Peach Frost (USA) - a variety of mid-late ripening. The fruits ripen in late August - the first decade of September. The tree is characterized by a high degree of early maturity - it begins to yield in the second year after planting a seedling in open ground. The tree is medium-sized, tolerates frosts up to -30 ° C, has good resistance to diseases. Absolute immunity is noted to leaf deformation and ashtray.
Did you know? In the USA there is a month dedicated to peaches. Since 1982, August is the National month of these fruits.
Fruits are large, weighing 180-200 g, with easy pubescence. The pulp is covered with a dense peel of an attractive orange color with a purple blush for 40-60% of the fruit. The pulp itself is yellow-orange, juicy, fragrant. The structure of the subcutaneous part is elastic and fibrous. On the palate, these fruits are honey-sweet, pleasant sourness. The fruits received a tasting score of 4.8 points. The pulp is easily separated from the bone.
Frost fruits are rich in healthy organic matter. They are a storehouse of B, C, E, A, K vitamins, many minerals, essential oils, organic acids, tannins and pectin. And the seed oil of these fruits contains a considerable amount of saturated fatty acids.
Despite the sweetness of the fruit, the energy value is 45 kcal per 100 g, and BZHU (g):
- proteins - 0.92;
- fats - 0.11;
- carbohydrates - 9.52.
Fiber saturation is 2.11 g, ash - 0.63 g, water - 86.1 g.
Familiarize yourself with the health benefits and benefits of peach.
And macro- and microelements irreplaceable for an organism in pulp are presented by structure and quantity (mg):
- potassium (K) - 363;
- phosphorus (P) - 32.1;
- sodium (Na) - 30.4;
- calcium (Ca) - 20.3;
- magnesium (Mg) - 16.1;
- chromium (Cr) - 14.8;
- sulfur (S) - 6.32;
- chlorine (Cl) - 2.
Advantages and disadvantages of peach Frost
The main advantage of the Frost variety is its high marketability and excellent taste characteristics of its fruits. Summer residents make a choice in favor of this species also due to the high and stable yield of the tree, its extreme resistance to frost and ailments.
Despite the delicate pulp, the fruits are distinguished by good transportability - the crop does not lose its commercial qualities after long transport. The only disadvantages of the variety are some vulnerability of the tree to drought. The lack of water affects the development and fruiting of the plant. Undesirable, too, excessive humidity and air.
Rules and technology of planting varieties
In order to grow a healthy Frost plant in your garden, you must follow the agrotechnical rules.
Important! Landing in May is undesirable. Young plants planted this month take root for a long time.
Landing time, soil preparation
Frost sapling should be planted at a permanent place of vegetation in March - early April, as soon as the weather is stable, the earth will thaw and dry a little. Wells for landing have been prepared since the fall. Landing recesses should be located at a distance of 4-5 m from one another.
Selection and preparation of seedlings for planting
Seedlings not older than 1-2 years have a high percentage of survival, the height of which is approximately 100-150 cm, and the trunk in diameter is 1.5-2 cm. Pay attention to the bark. Healthy surface - smooth to the touch, homogeneous, without gum inflows. The purchased planting material must be placed overnight in a container with a root growth stimulator (for example, “Kornevin”) and dropped off on the second day.
Find out when and how to plant a peach.
Landing is carried out, observing the following technology:
- Drive a stake of wood (1–1.5 m long) or a flat wooden beam (1-2 cm wide) into the center of the recess. Regarding the timber, arrange the seedling so that the support shades the peach from the bright sun throughout the day.
- Place small drainage material (e.g. crushed stone, sand) at the bottom of the well. The recommended drainage layer is 10-15 cm.
- With the next layer, form a small hill of nutrient soil. Spread the rhizome of the plant on an impromptu hill, falling asleep from above with soil and slightly tamping.
- Pour the roots with 10 liters of settled water. When the moisture is absorbed, cover the formed cavity with earth. In this case, the root neck should be located 3-4 cm above the surface of the earth.
- Around the plant, form a 5-6-cm shaft and pour another 10–20 L of water. After absorbing water, the soil must be mulched without closing the boom.
Features of plant care
Frost peach is easy to take care of, you just need to water it, fertilize and trim it in a timely manner, and also properly prepare the tree for winter.
Pruning must be done in the spring season, from March to mid-April. More often pruning is used to form a cup-shaped crown. To do this, in the zone of the stem, all lateral branches are removed. Only 3-4 skeletal branches are not subject to removal (at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other). The main conductor is cut over the upper skeletal branch.
The amount of water required by a peach tree depends on the weather, but, on average, the tree is watered 5-6 times per season. At one time, one tree needs 2–5 buckets of water. Perform the procedure, preferably in the morning or evening.
Important! The last watering should be carried out about a month before removing the fruit from the tree. This will allow the fruit to "gain" mass. Underwinter watering is very important, which allows to increase the frost resistance of the plant.
Fertilizers and pollinators
Every year, in the process of spring digging, mineral supplements must be added to the near-stem section: 70 g of ammonium nitrate or 50 g of urea. In autumn, 40 g of phosphorus and 50 g of potash fertilizers are added. Organics (humus or manure) are closed up during digging every 2-3 years. Pollinators: self-pollinated variety, in the neighborhood of peaches pollinators does not need.
Preparing plants for winter
For the winter, the peach Frost needs shelter. To do this, next to the trunk, drive into the ground two bars with a height similar to the plant's stem. Wrap the trunk and bars with burlap or non-woven agrofibre (several layers).
Did you know? Peach comes from China. And this country is the leader in fruit growing. The second place is taken by Italy.
Another option for protecting a tree is to cover the trunk with a cardboard box, which, on top, is wrapped with foil. If the winters in your area are not very severe, it is enough to sprinkle the tree with the ground to a height of 50-60 cm. Cover the trunk section for a period of cold weather with a 10-15-cm layer of mulch (humus or peat).
Diseases and Pests
Despite the good resistance to diseases and harmful insects, the peach tree, nevertheless, certain preventive measures are required. In cool weather, after prolonged rains, a peach can get sick. Therefore, the tree should be treated with chemicals on time.
Read also about how to deal with pests and diseases of peaches.
When attacked by parasites (in particular, aphids), the plant is sprayed with drugs such as "Actara", "Calypse", "Angio". Follow the simple recommendations above, and you will get in your garden a plentiful harvest of large, tasty peaches of the famous American Frost variety.