Features of violet transplant at home
Indoor violets require regular transplantation, primarily because the soil is depleted over time and loses its nutritional properties. In addition, its density increases, which does not allow the roots of the plant to receive enough oxygen - as a result, the flowers lose their strength and attractiveness. We will talk about how to properly transplant the senpolia in this article.
In what cases do you need to transplant the violet?
Over time, all senpolia require a change of pot and soil, and especially this applies to indoor violets, which are quite whimsical to care for. They are recommended to be replanted every year, which will lead to abundant flowering and will allow you to hide the stem, which over time is exposed from below.
If a white coating has formed on the senpolia, this is a clear sign that it is time to transplant it. Such an external factor indicates that little oxygen enters the soil and an excess of minerals is created.
The soil, densely shrouded in roots, resembling the shape of a pot, also speaks of the need of the senpolia for transplantation. In order to understand this, you can simply remove the plant from the tank.
Planned transplants are carried out with the aim of updating the soil - in order to give the senpolia a sufficient amount of nutrients. Typically, this procedure is performed for healthy plants in the fall or spring. It is also recommended to spend it with young growth, which has recently faded, and to rejuvenate the old senpolia.
Did you know? Violet was very popular among the Greeks. They decorated her home and presented wreaths of these flowers to all three-year-olds as a sign of the end of their carelessness.
An emergency transplant is performed for patients with senpolia. In this case, they are transplanted at any time, not adhering to the annual schedule so that the plant does not die. An urgent change of habitat is necessary for flowers that have stopped growing due to poor soil or deteriorating roots, as well as delays in the development of violet sprouts. In addition, an emergency transplant also requires the senpolia, which for a long time bloomed or released too many inflorescences, which led to the depletion of the flower.
When and how often can a plant be transplanted
In terms of transplantation, special attention should be paid to young senpolis, which are growing rapidly. Obvious signs that it is time to change the flower pot are the leaves “falling out” of it and the sticking roots out of the hole for draining the water. In this case, it is worth making the transshipment of the Saintpaulia into a more voluminous capacity. It is important to preserve the shape of the roots as much as possible and to avoid the loss of native soil - then it will be easier for the plant to get used to the new habitat.
Experienced flower growers claim that the best period for transplanting is spring and early summer: at this time, the flower will be able to receive the maximum amount of light. However, with the onset of heat, one should refrain from transplanting the senpolia, as this can bring them additional stress.
In winter, the amount of sun is significantly reduced, so such manipulations with flowers are allowed only if you can provide the violet with a large amount of artificial light, otherwise the senpolia will be difficult to take root. The same goes for transplants in the fall. You will be interested to learn about the variety of violets angelica. It is strictly forbidden to disturb the senpolia during flowering and after the appearance of children. From the moment the buds are thrown up to the time of flowering, it is better not to touch the plant, otherwise it will freeze in growth and may lose its inflorescences. Blooming violet is evidence that the plant has enough and there is no need to disturb it.
But there are exceptions to the rules for transplanting the senpolis, even when they bloom. If you see that parasites have wound up in the pot or a raid has appeared on the ground, you can tranship, but if you have a violet with flowers, then before the procedure you should prune the buds and separate the sprouts that have formed, otherwise the plant will not have enough strength to root. Children can be seated in separate containers.
Violets need specialized soil. If you do not want to make the mixture yourself, you can purchase the appropriate composition in the store.
To prepare the soil at home, you need to mix the following ingredients:
- standard mixture for indoor plants;
- sphagnum moss;
The soil and peat are taken in a ratio of 1 to 2. Then you need to combine moss and perlite and add this mixture as much as the soil. Next, 1/2 part of charcoal should be added. All these elements must be thoroughly mixed and a little superphosphate (several peas) added to them, which will help the plant adapt better, and after the violet will accelerate growth and flowering. Read in more detail how to make a primer for violets with your own hands. For the senpolia, it is necessary to prepare a drainage that will help the plant get rid of excess moisture without harm to the roots. Its layer should be approximately 2 cm. For this purpose, you can use any small stones, crushed stone. It is also important to remember that all drainage brought from the street must be well washed.
The soil before transplantation should be moistened so as not to damage the roots of Saintpaulia.
For the plants in question, it is better not to take clay pots, since their structure contributes to the rapid drying of the soil, and the violet leaves deteriorate from contact with this material. You can also not use old containers with a touch of salt on them.
It is important to remember that the container for transplantation must increase each time so that the flower has where to grow, and it is necessary to plant it to a depth that allows the leaves to lightly touch the ground.
Experienced flower growers do not recommend watering the plant immediately after moving to another pot. To preserve moisture, just cover the violet with polyethylene.
A transplant is also a good reason to renew a flower. In this case, part of the roots is cut off, the largest leaves are removed, which can then serve to multiply the senpolia.
Violet Transplant Walkthrough
There are three ways to transplant a plant - consider them further.
With full soil replacement
This method is effective in cases where the stem of the violet is very bare or the plant dies. It is necessary to change the soil even if the old one is infected or acidified.
The essence of the method lies in the fact that the whole earth is replaced by a new one, and the roots of the plant are cleaned - in addition, you can inspect the roots and remove rot from them. Important! Immediately after transplantation, you can moisten the air around the senpolia slightly to facilitate its adaptation. In order to transplant the violet in this way, you must carefully remove it from the pot and shake off the roots from the ground. Also, from the senpolia, it is necessary to remove dead leaves and inflorescences. All wounds are sprinkled with ashes.
If too many roots are removed during the transplant, it is better to take a smaller container. The bottom must be laid out with drainage, and a layer of earth should be poured on top. On this pillow you need to put the plant and cover the ground with its bare leg.
Video: adult violet transplant with a complete replacement of the soil
With partial soil replacement
When transplanting, it is not necessary to completely replace the soil: for young violets, it is sometimes enough just to pour fresh soil. In this case, the grown plant moves into a larger pot. From the roots of the plant, you do not need to shake off the soil, and the flower is transplanted with native soil. An undoubted advantage of this method is the minimum damage to violets during transplantation.
Transshipment is a good way to transplant the senpolia, which are in the flowering period: in this case, the lump of soil remains completely untouched. In no case can you violate its integrity, otherwise with an extreme transplant, the flower may not be accepted.
The pot must be filled with drainage by a third, and sprinkled with soil on top. In order to calculate the amount of land that needs to be sprinkled, you can put the old container in which the violet grew in a new pot. Pour the earth into the space that appears and ram it. After that, you can take out the old containers and put the senpolia there so that the edges of the old and new soil are on the same line.
Features of post-transplant care
To make the violet better taken in the pot, it is necessary to create the optimal air humidity for it. The flower is wrapped with a film or covered with a glass cap. Saintpaulia sometimes needs to be aired - for this, the mini-greenhouse is removed every 2-3 hours and left without cover for an hour. It can be removed only after the plant has started active growth.
Location and conditions of detention
Any plant after transplantation, even if it is absolutely healthy, is very susceptible to environmental conditions. Accordingly, it is very important to ensure that the violet has a suitable temperature regime - within +20 ... + 24 ° С.
Important! It is categorically impossible to drastically change the temperature regime, since this can become a strong stress for the plant, because of which it can die. Drafts should not be allowed to occur at the location of the violet. Immediately after transplantation, it is not recommended to place the plant in bright light - you should put the flower in partial shade for 14 days. It is possible to expose the senpolia only after it begins to grow actively.
Watering and feeding
Do not water the violet immediately after planting. To provide moisture to the roots, you can simply moisten the soil during a transplant, but complete watering in a couple of days.
In the process of flower growth, its watering is carried out as the soil surface is drained. Absolutely not allow the total dryness of the soil in the pot, otherwise the violet may dry.
You can not spray the violet with water, since its drops linger on the villi and lead to decay of the leaf.
Dressing the flower is not carried out for another 2 months after planting, because during this period the soil is still quite nutritious. After this period, the plant must be fertilized every 14 days. In winter, instead of the usual top dressing, mixtures for senpolia or liquid fertilizers for flowering plants are used.
To build lush foliage, young senpolia feeds with nitrogen. If you want an adult violet to bloom faster, then you can fertilize it with phosphorus and potassium mixtures. We advise you to learn more about the features of watering violets at home. When caring for the senpolia, it is useful to combine watering through a tray and top dressing. It is also important to remember that you can not overfeed plants: this can harm the roots.
Do not forget about fertilizing the soil, otherwise a lack of nutrients will be immediately noticeable. The plant can grow slowly, become weak and not bloom.
Senpolia can also be supplemented with vegetable products that contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, cobalt, magnesium, copper, molybdenum and boron. These elements help the plant to efficiently carry out photosynthesis and nourish the soil. Vitamins have a positive effect on the root system and the ability of violets to absorb trace elements found in water.
It is better not to feed if the plant is attacked by parasites or when the temperature drops.
To prevent the occurrence of fungi in the soil and bacteria contamination of the soil, it is recommended to treat the plants with Fitosporin every few weeks, which can be found in flower shops in the form of powder or elastic mass.
Important! To remove dust from the plant, you need to wash the leaves of the violet under warm running water (not under pressure).
Possible transplant errors
Often, inexperienced lovers of indoor violets make some mistakes when transplanting them, leading to withering of the plant.
Here are the most common ones:
- The use of a large capacity for planting a small plant.
- If you plant the violet too deep, then its roots can rot, and with a high planting, the stem loosens.
- Too compacted soil that prevents the roots from breathing.
- The use of street soil that is infected with nematodes, fungi and pathogenic bacteria.
- Pouring water into the center of the violet growth point, which leads to rotting and death of the flower.