Features planting and care for strawberries varieties Honey
In gardeners, early varieties are considered to be favorite hybrids of fruit plants, and strawberries in particular. They allow you to get aromatic fruits in the early days of summer. One of such productive hybrids is usually referred to as strawberry varieties Honey. Next, all the characteristics of this plant will be examined in detail, as well as its requirements for successful growth and fruiting.
Honey refers to the varieties of table strawberries. By this plant, it is customary to understand the Honey variety (English - "honey"), bred by American breeders. Despite the fact that the hybrid is characterized by a high content of sugars in the pulp, it got its name due to the place of excretion. It became the provincial American town of Honeoye (abbr. - Hone), where in 1979, when local varieties of Vibrant and Holiday were crossed, this highly productive plant was born.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Strawberry Honey - one of the best representatives of modern breeding. The hybrid has not only individual indicators of productivity, but also morphology. Thanks to this, breeders managed to get a truly unique and productive plant, characterized by a special form and type of development.
Did you know? The official year of birth of strawberries is considered to be 1766. At this time, in the collection of plants of the French botanist Antoine Duchenne, spontaneous pollination of several varieties of strawberries occurred, which led to the appearance of large and fleshy berries in plants.
The hybrid is distinguished by rather tall and large bushes, with strong and straight shoots covered with a large number of leaves. The leaf plate of a medium-sized plant is triple, of complex shape. The leaves are located on elongated petioles with a length of at least 10 cm. Petioles have a slight pubescence, which is a characteristic feature of the variety. During flowering, the stem is covered with numerous flowers, up to 3 cm in diameter. About 10-15 flowers of a delicate white color can be observed on each plant, which join into a small inflorescence of the corymbose type.
Video: Strawberry Honey
The fruits of a variety of complex structure, they are a multi-racked berry, formed from an overgrown receptacle. The shape of the fruit is characteristic, cylindrical-conical. The skin color is deep red, with a glossy sheen, the flesh on the cut is a delicate red-pink hue.
It is characterized by moderate juiciness, increased sweetness, as well as light acidity. The density of the pulp is uniform, there are no cavities inside the fetus. A special property of the variety is an increase in the aroma of berries as the generations change, so the latter fruits are considered especially valuable and have a more intense taste.
Read also our e-magazine on strawberry cultivation.
Like many related hybrids, the Honey variety does not require planting pollinators on the site. This plant is able to form flowers of both sexes, so pollination can take place in a cross way, even within the same bush.
Frost resistance and productivity
The frost resistance of the Honey variety is quite high. With abundant snow cover, the plant is able to withstand winter frosts, up to -20 ° C. In colder winters, the plant requires mandatory shelter for the winter, otherwise its death can not be avoided.
The hybrid does not belong to the repairing varieties, however, the growth and ripening of berries are observed for 3 weeks . This makes it possible to obtain several generations of fruits, which in total allows you to collect up to 700 g of strawberries from one bush. The berries of the first generation are the largest, their average weight reaches 30 g, the subsequent fruits are much smaller, weighing no more than 17 g. However, when grown in greenhouses or in a hot southern climate, the fruit size can increase to 50 g.
Important! Strawberry variety Honey has a high resistance to fungi and sudden changes in weather conditions. However, the hybrid is suitable only for home cultivation, its productivity is not high enough, and the crop does not differ in increased keeping quality.
Choosing the best seedlings for planting
Today, there are many manufacturers and home breeders of strawberry seedlings, so the market is crowded with an abundance of seedlings. Strawberry variety Honey is no exception, but often planting material is characterized by low rooting activity. This is due to the fact that the plants were bred with serious errors or were not stored properly, which often leads to a deterioration in their activity and even death.
To avoid this, when buying, you should pay attention to seedlings, which should have:
- thick leaves, with rich green color, without any spotting or other pathologies;
- no less than 3-4 full-fledged sheets;
- dense horn, at least 7 mm thick;
- well-developed root system (at least 7–8 cm long), without putrefactive foci or any other pathologies.
Be sure to choose the right place of sale. Healthy and high-quality seedlings are almost always found in specialized stores operating under the license of professional nurseries. Home seedlings do not always meet varietal standards, as well as the necessary vitality . In addition, such plants should be abandoned because they are often infected with all kinds of fungi and larvae of pests.
Preparatory work and the selection of a suitable location on the site
To ensure that strawberries always delight in a plentiful harvest, you should carefully prepare the site and place for planting seedlings. This makes it possible to create a special underground and above-ground microclimate, thanks to which plants in the new conditions are well acclimatized and will be pleased with an abundance of fruits in the next season.
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Strawberries love the abundance of light, without it the plants are seriously oppressed, so they plant a culture in well-lit and open areas. Such a place should be located at least 5 m from any tall vegetation and garden buildings . Otherwise, in addition to inhibition of growth, increased humidity forms on the beds, which will provoke the appearance of fungal infections.
In addition, strawberry plantations are difficult to tolerate drafts, so the beds are broken only in secluded places, protected from sudden gusts of wind. To do this, around the berry plantings, a natural protective barrier should be created from low bushes or other annual and perennial vegetation.
For optimal growth, the culture needs fertilized and cultured substrates containing an increased concentration of various organic compounds. The most suitable for this is well-fertilized loamy and sandy loamy soil, slightly acidified (pH 5.5–6.1). In the case of heavier substrates, the soil should be lightened; for this purpose, clean river sand (1-3 buckets / 1 m²) is put in place of future beds.
We recommend reading how to prepare the soil for strawberries at home.
Before preparing the site, you should also take into account the predecessors of strawberries. Best of all, the culture grows and bears fruit after garlic, onions, all kinds of spicy herbs, cereals, legumes and radishes. Bad predecessors are sunflower, corn, Jerusalem artichoke, potatoes and all representatives of buttercups.
Soil should be well fertilized before planting . Carry out this procedure in advance, since the fall. For this, 5–8 kg of humus or rotted manure, 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium nitrate should be added to 1 m² of the territory of future beds. After this, the soil should be dug twice to a depth of about 30 cm. The first time this is done immediately after fertilizing, the second time immediately before planting seedlings.
Important! Honey well bears fruit in the same place for no more than 3 seasons. After this period, it is imperative to transplant the bushes to a new place.
Step-by-step landing technology
Strawberry seedlings are planted in early spring (late April) or in early autumn (first half of September). Autumn planting is considered the most acceptable, since it allows you to get the first fruits next spring, while in the spring it will take more than 1 year. Strawberries are planted according to the standard scheme. To do this, you must:
- carefully level the previously excavated area and remove all contaminants, weed residues, etc. from the soil;
- mark parallel rows on the soil, with row spacing of about 50 cm;
- in each row, at a distance of 30 cm, make small indentations (10 × 10 cm);
- place a plant in each well, and then densely fill its root system with soil;
- thoroughly pour planting with settled water heated to +18 ... + 20 ° С.
Like any fruit crop, Strawberry Honey requires good care for good growth and long-term fruiting. The procedure provides for a special regime of watering and top dressing, soil treatment and preventive spraying with protective equipment. This allows you to create a favorable microclimate that stimulates the productivity of the beds.
Video: How to properly care for strawberries in spring, summer and autumn
Periodic moistening of the beds is the key to a high-quality strawberry crop. Without this, the berries will acquire a less saturated taste, as well as lose their juiciness and characteristic aroma.
It is best to use drip irrigation for hydration, with a calculation of about 1-2 liters of liquid / bush / day. In its absence, root irrigation can be used, as well as row spacing irrigation. In this case, the water flow should be about 10 l / 1 m², and the multiplicity of the procedure - 1 time in 3 weeks. In particularly hot periods, the amount of watering can be increased, up to 3-4 procedures per week.
Learn more about how to water strawberries frequently and correctly.
Loosening is considered a mandatory procedure that follows irrigation. Perform it 1-2 days after watering the beds, or at least 1 time per week. This makes it possible to saturate the soil with oxygen, as well as eliminate weeds, the development of which often inhibits plant growth and the formation of berries.
Top dressing is carried out from the second year after planting. With qualified preparation of the site after planting, up to wintering, the plants do not need any additional elements, so the procedure begins only in the spring.
Important! Top dressing is best done immediately before watering. This will improve the effectiveness of the procedure, and also activates the beneficial microflora in the substrate.
Feeding is done at least 3 times per season, according to the following scheme:
- In the middle-end of April, plants are fed with a solution of cow manure (1:10) or nitroammophos (30 g / 10 l of water). Top dressing is given at the rate of 10 liters of the working mixture per 1 m² of beds.
- During the period of budding and the formation of berries, plants should be given an additional amount of potassium. To do this, use a solution of chicken droppings (1:15) or potassium nitrate (30 g / 10 l of water). The feed consumption should be about 10 l / 1 m².
- The last top dressing is carried out in late autumn, before preparing the plants for wintering. Strawberries are fertilized with a solution of nitroammophoski (30 g / 10 l of water), at the rate of 10 l / 1 m² of plantings.
Among gardeners, Strawberry Honey is considered to be a fairly resistant variety to fungi and pests, but despite this, it is necessary to carry out a number of preventive measures that are started 2–3 weeks after planting and are carried out throughout the growing season.
Scheme of preventive treatment of strawberries against fungi and pests:
|Period||Diseases and Pests||Preparations|
|Bud formation||Powdery mildew, gray rot||Alirin-B, Fundazol, Bayleton|
|Leaf spotting||Chorus, 1% Bordeaux mixture|
|Before flowering||Gray rot, powdery mildew||Alirin-B, Fundazol, Bayleton|
|Leaf spotting||Chorus, 1% Bordeaux mixture|
|Spider mite||"PSK", "Kemifos", "Fufanon"|
|After picking berries||Powdery mildew||“Topaz”, “Alirin-B”, “Fundazol”|
|Leaf spotting||Chorus, 1% Bordeaux mixture|
|Spider mite, weevil||Actellik, Kemifos, Novaktion|
Young and adult plants are able to quite successfully tolerate seasonal frosts under snow cover up to -20 ° C. In regions with colder winters or light snowfall, it is imperative to prepare the bushes for seasonal cold.
To do this, each individual bush should be mulched with sawdust, pine needles, coconut coir, husk of seeds, etc. Moreover, the thickness of the mulch should be at least 10-15 cm. In their absence, you can use a special artificial cloth to cover the plant (spunbond). If strawberries are grown on the site for more than one year, mature bushes can be cut before wintering. This will provide an opportunity to rejuvenate them, as well as enhance productivity.
We advise you to read in more detail how to protect strawberries from frost.
Pest and Disease Control
If it is not possible to secure the beds from all kinds of pests and diseases, you should immediately resort to fighting the problem. Neglect of danger can lead to a sharp wilting of plants and instant death of plantings in just 7-10 days.
With the development of all kinds of putrefactive foci, as well as other manifestations of fungal infections, the affected plants should be sprayed twice, with an interval of 2 weeks, sprayed with any complex fungicide based on copper-containing substances ("Skor", "Quadrice", "Amistar", etc.).
In the event of the appearance of insect pests, the beds should be sprayed with Actellik, Kemifos or Novaktion. Do this procedure 2 times, with an interval of 2 weeks, while in addition to plants, aisles should also be sprayed.
Did you know? Strawberry is a natural aphrodisiac. The composition of its berries contains a huge amount of zinc, which enhances sexual desire, and also significantly increases the likelihood of conception.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Harvesting honey strawberries is carried out as the fruit ripens. Do this manually to avoid damage to delicate berries, while a stalk must be present on each fruit. Neglecting these requirements contributes to a sharp decrease in crop stubbornness.
The fruits are stored in common plastic, wooden or paper containers, covered with natural fabric. The optimum temperature regime for storing berries is in the range 0 ... + 2 ° C. This makes it possible to maintain the freshness of the crop for 4 days after harvest. At room temperature, strawberries are stored for no more than 24 hours.
Strawberry Honey is a real find for the household, because the plant pleases with ripe fruits for 3 weeks, and also has a plentiful harvest. The hybrid does not require complex care, therefore, generally accepted measures will be sufficient for its successful cultivation. In this case, special attention should be paid to feeding and watering strawberries, which will directly affect the quality of the harvested crop.