Features of planting and care of strawberries Mashenka
Varieties of strawberries with large fruits have many admirers. It is this kind of berry that lovers of this culture prefer to eat fresh. Strawberry Mashenka will satisfy with its look and taste of any gourmet.
Description and characteristics of the strawberry variety Mashenka
The strawberry variety Mashenka was bred by domestic breeders back in 1953 and has not lost its relevance ever since. It can be called differently - the Moscow anniversary, and some gardeners shorten the name of this strawberry to Masha. It is still grown in individual plots, but unsuitable for industrial cultivation. The thing is that Mashenka has insufficiently dense pulp. But it is juicy and tender, with excellent taste and pleasant aroma.
Bushes at Mashenka grow powerful, but not particularly sprawling, with large leaves and thick high peduncles. Berries of a dark red color, large, comb-shaped, peduncles usually bend under the weight of the fruit. Often the flowers grow together with each other, and a large fruit is obtained, up to 120 g or more. On average, berries weigh 50 g. The largest specimens are found at the beginning of fruiting. It begins in the early stages, but does not last long. The yield of the bush rarely reaches 1 kg, although it can be in the range of 0.5–1.5 kg. The variety tolerates frost, drought and fungal diseases, does not suffer from root diseases. It is unpretentious and not demanding on agricultural technology. Abundantly gives a mustache for the first 2-3 years. Every 4–5 years, the beds with Masha should be updated.
Did you know? Strawberry pulp is an excellent cosmetic product. One of Napoleon’s acquaintances, Madame Talleyen, was taking a bath from her berries to keep her skin supple and youthful.
Advantages and disadvantages
- The variety will interest lovers of sweet berries as follows:
- high palatability;
- early harvest;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- resistance to adverse factors;
- ease of reproduction.
- The disadvantages of Masha are as follows:
- short period of return of fruit;
- not the highest yield from the bush, which cannot be increased by any tricks;
- poor storage and transportability;
- unsuitability for freezing entirely.
Landing and care
Variety Mashenka is considered unpretentious and usually does not cause difficulties when planting, breeding and care. It is only necessary to observe the simple rules of agricultural technology of this culture.
Selection and preparation of the landing site
It is best to choose a place well lit by the sun with slight shading and without cold winds. Avoid lowlands, slopes that are too steep, stagnation of water and the proximity of groundwater. It is better to choose a site after growing greens, grains or cabbage.
The site should be prepared in advance, cleaned of weed grass and dug up with the simultaneous introduction of organic matter and mineral fertilizers. On 1 m², 8-10 kg of humus (manure, peat or compost), 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potash fertilizer are consumed. The plot can also be prepared by preliminary sowing of green manure with subsequent digging. Sand is added to heavy soils, since strawberries love soils with good permeability to air and moisture. If planting is expected in the spring (mid-May), then this should be done in the fall. In spring, the soil is prepared for the beds on which plants will be planted in July-September. Important! In the selected area, strawberries, solanaceous and root crops should not grow earlier. Strawberry bushes are planted on the same spot at least 2-3 years later.
Strawberry Mashenka easily propagates with a mustache, so when planting it, you should not bother yourself with a seed method. Planting stock should be bought at nurseries, specialty stores, or from sellers with good reviews and recommendations. This variety can sometimes get hold of familiar gardeners.
Cloudy weather or evening is good for landing . Mashenka's bushes are planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other with the same row spacing. Prepared beds make 12 cm deep pits and add water to each of them.
If the bed was not fertilized properly, then the fertilizer is added immediately to the hole, before irrigation. Then a bush is placed in the hole, the roots are straightened to prevent bends, and they are covered with soil, compacting the soil. Then planting is well moisturized.
Watering and feeding
You need to water strawberries regularly, as needed . Although Mashenka tolerates drought, the earth should not be dry, otherwise the fruits will be smaller. At the same time, an excess of moisture can negatively affect the plant.
If in moderately warm weather the soil is moistened once a decade, then in extreme heat - 3 times a week. When ripening berries, drip irrigation is recommended.
Beds with strawberries fertilize several times during the season:
- In early spring. The beds are removed from the old leaves and fertilized with nitroammophos (1 table. Spoon / 10 l). Adherents of organic farming can use mullein infusion in a concentration of 1:10 or bird droppings in a ratio of 1:12. Under each plant, it is enough to pour ½ liter of fertilizing.
- During budding, the plant is fed with fertilizers with potassium - ash, chicken droppings or potassium nitrate.
- After harvesting and cutting the foliage, nitroammophoska is introduced at a concentration of 2 tables. tablespoons / 10 l.
- In August, the beds are treated with urea (30 g / 10 l).
Did you know? Of the berry crops, only strawberry fruits have seeds outside. This is not surprising, because from a biological point of view, strawberries are not berries, but multi-nibs.
Mulching and loosening
The best option would be to mulch the beds with strawberries. Mulch inhibits the drying out of the soil, has a good effect on its structure, and prevents the appearance of weed grass. In addition, the large berries that Mashenka usually lie on the ground on such a bed will not rot and become soiled. Hay, needles, dry grass, humus, sawdust, peat are well suited as mulch.
After the strawberries have become fruitful, they trim the leaves, which are immediately carefully removed and disposed of. The soil is loosened and fed, and then mulched. According to gardeners, in areas with a long warm period, after this procedure, Masha can again bear fruit. Watering the beds until the end of the season.
Learn how to grow strawberries in winter.
The variety tolerates low temperatures well -30 ° C and usually does not need additional shelter.
Diseases and Pests
Under adverse conditions, the berries can be affected by the following diseases:
- Gray rot. The disease is detected by gray plaque and rotting strawberries. To eliminate this trouble, chemical treatments “Fitosporin” or “Fito-plus” are used.
- White and brown leaf spot. White spotting can be detected by reddish spots and white dots on leaflets. But the brown variety manifests itself in red-brown spots with dry edges. To combat these diseases using chemical means "Fitosporin" or "Zircon".
- Powdery Mildew The disease can be detected by a whitish flour coating. To eliminate this problem, the chemical product "Topaz" is suitable.
Strawberry plantings can be invaded by the following pests:
- Nematode. These are small worms up to 1 mm in size. They feed on the juice of plant crops, causing harm. The leaves in this case are deformed, and the berries are almost absent.
- Weevil. These are bugs about 0.5 cm in size. They affect color, leaves.
- Spider mite. Such a small pest is detected by the presence of the thinnest cobweb, the leaves begin to acquire a yellow color.
To control insects, drugs like Karbofos and Fitoferm are used. You can use folk recipes - treatment with tobacco-soap or garlic solution. Near the planting of strawberries, marigolds, marigolds, and garlic are planted to repel harmful insects. The smell of these plants will scare away pests. Learn about processing strawberries from pests and diseases.
Harvesting and storage of crops
It is necessary to collect berries a couple of days before the stage of true maturity and do it in the morning, after the dew disappears, or in the evening - before sunset. In this case, strawberries will be stored 2 days longer.
Picking berries must be with tails, and then carefully placed in one layer in boxes of wood and plastic. The bottom of the collection container is pre-coated with paper sheets. Washing strawberries, which is intended for storage, is not worth it. This process is carried out immediately before consumption, and it is better not to touch tender fruits once again so as not to damage them. Fresh berries in room conditions are stored no more than a day. Important! Do not pick fruit in the afternoon when they are warmed up by the sun. During the heat season, beds with berries should be shaded so that they do not fade in the sun. The optimum temperature for storage of strawberries is + 3 ... 0 ° C. In such conditions, berries can be held for 3-4 days. At home, a small amount of strawberries can be stored in a glass jar on a shelf in the refrigerator.
It is better to consume fresh strawberries, but with a large harvest it can be used for processing. This juicy red berry makes excellent jam, jam and compote.
Strawberry Mashenka is a large-fruited and very tasty variety. In addition, this strawberry is unpretentious in care, hardy and propagates easily. It should be planted with other varieties, as the fruiting period is short-lived. Masha's fruits are best consumed fresh.