Features of growing varieties of cabbage Parel f1
This hybrid cabbage variety, which has outstanding taste and record early maturity, could be considered ideal if it also possessed good keeping quality. Read more about the Parel F1 cabbage variety in the text below.
Variety selection history
Working on the creation of this cabbage hybrid, breeders from the Netherlands set out to get a vegetable that would ripen as quickly as possible. As a result, they managed to get ultra-precocious cabbage, which at the same time had an excellent commercial appearance and excellent gastronomic qualities. The hybrid quickly gained recognition in Europe and has been successfully grown in Russia for over 20 years . Cabbage Parel F1 with equal success is cultivated both in small gardens and on extensive plantations of large agricultural enterprises. Her ability to grow with equal success both in the open air and in greenhouses, provided her with a very wide distribution area.
Read also articles on this topic:
Description and characteristic
This cabbage hybrid in a short time forms round compact forks, the mass of which varies between 900 g and 1.7 kg. Cabbage leaves are painted in a juicy green color and covered with a wax coating. A short stoker inside the head minimizes the amount of waste when processing cabbage. The vegetable has a great taste. In addition, the cabbage forks when cutting exudes a very pleasant and persistent aroma. The hybrid is characterized by resistance to adverse weather conditions and is able to withstand spring frosts.
Pros and cons of the variety
- Not being an ideal cabbage variety that simply does not exist in nature, the Parel F1 hybrid nevertheless approaches optimal conditions thanks to:
- high palatability;
- exemplary presentation of heads of cabbage;
- excellent transportability;
- good yield;
- the presence of immunity to most cabbage diseases;
- friendly ripening forks;
- their resistance to cracking within 2 weeks after maturation;
- good germination of seed material;
- tolerance to flaccidity;
- resistance to adverse weather conditions;
- short inner and outer pokers.
- The main disadvantage of the discussed cabbage hybrid is its unsuitability for long-term storage and fermentation. In addition, regret is caused by:
- the need for annual seed purchase due to the fact that this vegetable is a hybrid;
- the small size of heads of cabbage, which negatively affects crop yields.
Did you know? The great importance and popularity of this vegetable for humans is evidenced by the well-known bike for children, according to which they were found in cabbage.
Optimal landing times
Since cabbage can be planted either by direct sowing of seeds in the soil or by seedlings, the planting time of the vegetable varies significantly. The timing of sowing seed into the soil completely depends on the climatic characteristics of a particular area. At the same time, vegetable growers rely on the rule that seeds can be sown in the soil when the night temperature does not stably drop below + 8 ° C. Sowing seeds for seedlings, independent of weather influences, is usually carried out in mid-March. And when more than 5 leaves are formed on the seedlings (usually this occurs at the end of April), seedlings are planted on an open-air garden bed.
The cultivation of this cabbage hybrid does not present great difficulties, however, it requires care and adherence to the sequence of necessary actions.
Seeds sown in mid-March require preliminary preparation in the form of disinfection and germination. For disinfection, the seed is placed in a warm solution of pink potassium permanganate and incubated for 15 minutes. To germinate the seeds, they are wrapped in a damp cloth and kept in a warm place for several days.
For planting seeds, suitably prepared soil is required. You can purchase the finished substrate at specialized retail outlets, or you can cook it yourself by combining in equal proportions a mixture of:
- turf land;
It is useful to enrich the resulting mixture with wood ash in an amount of 200 g per bucket of substrate, which will not only provide the plant with additional mineral fertilizers, but also protect it from pests and diseases. A self-made substrate should be decontaminated by watering it with a solution of potassium permanganate. The planting mixture is placed in containers, which can be:
- low wooden crates;
- special plastic containers;
- peat pots;
- plastic cups;
- cardboard cups.
The substrate placed in the container is moistened and 1 cm deepened in it. Their number depends on the surface area of the soil, taking into account the need to plant seeds no closer than 3 cm from each other. Sown seeds are covered with a thin layer of substrate and moistened with a spray gun with warm and settled water. Then the containers are covered with glass or a transparent film to create a greenhouse effect and placed in a place with room temperature. After the emergence of seedlings, the coating is removed from the container, and the containers themselves are placed in a well-lit and cool place with a temperature not exceeding + 15 ° С. Important! Peat washers are very popular among vegetable growers, in which pressed peat is combined with the necessary nutritional components. It is necessary to water the sprouts sparingly, as the soil surface dries up, once every three days, avoiding waterlogging. As 2 real leaves are formed, seedlings grown in boxes and containers dive into separate containers with the same soil. A week after the picking, seedlings are fed with universal fertilizers. At the same time, all plants begin to harden, taking them to fresh air daily and gradually increasing the time spent under the open sky.
Preparation of the place and soil for planting
For the successful growth of cabbage and obtaining a high yield, it is very important to choose the right site for cabbage beds. Of great importance are the vegetable predecessors that previously grew in this place. Cabbage plantings feel best in areas after:
In the holes dug in the soil dug in the autumn along with organic fertilizers according to the 50x30 cm pattern, they are poured over a couple of handfuls of wood ash. If no fertilizers were added to the soil in the fall, then 5 g of ammonium nitrate or urea and 20 g of superphosphate are poured into each well. Important! Categorically should not grow cabbage in the same place for several seasons in a row.
Transplanting seedlings into the ground
An early cabbage variety, which is the Parel F1 hybrid, is planted in the form of seedlings in the ground when there are at least 5 leaves on it. It is best to land in the morning or in cloudy weather. Saplings are buried in well-watered holes loaded with fertilizers up to the 3rd cotyledon leaf, they are covered with soil and well packed, in order to avoid the formation of voids near the root system. After which, the soil is watered again and sprinkled with dry soil.
Features of cabbage care in the open ground
Agrotechnical rules for caring for a vegetable are:
- fertilizing with fertilizers;
- weeding and loosening the soil;
- prevention of fungal and bacterial diseases;
- pest protection.
The frequency of watering depends on weather conditions in each case, but usually - at least 1 time per week. It is necessary to water the vegetable with defended warm water. After each watering or rain, the soil should be loosened to improve the oxygen supply of the cabbage root system. Tilling is usually combined with weeding. The early hybrid Parel F1 variety, which grows in open ground, is fed with fertilizers twice a season. The first time top dressing is carried out half a month after planting in open ground. During this period, the plant most needs nitrogen, the need for which is satisfied by:
- diluted in water (in the ratio of 1:15) bird droppings;
- ammonium nitrate;
- nettle infusion.
After the formation of the ovary, cabbage is more in need of phosphorus and potassium, which is supplied to the soil by applying superphosphate and potassium sulfate. To protect the plant from the attack of pests, it is useful to dust it with tobacco dust or wood ash.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Heads of Parel ripen in June. The maturity of the forks is determined by their density and the characteristic luster of the integumentary leaves. A feature of this hybrid variety is its ability, after ripening for 2 weeks, to be on the beds and not to crack. This is very convenient, for example, for summer residents who are not able to daily monitor the degree of maturity of vegetables. Forks are removed, cutting them at the very surface of the soil. As already mentioned, the disadvantage of this cabbage hybrid is its unsuitability for long-term storage and fermentation.
The victorious procession of the Parel F1 cabbage hybrid on the extensive plantations of large agricultural producers and country and home gardens is due to its outstanding taste and ultra-early ripening of heads of cabbage. The inability of the forks of this cabbage to be stored for a long time and their unsuitability for fermentation are compensated by the very tasty and fragrant vitamin salads, which this vegetable pleases in early summer.