Features of Greensboro Peach

Greensboro peach is chosen for cultivation on its site by gardeners who value good yield and excellent taste. In the article you will read about the distinguishing features of this variety, the characteristics of planting and care for it, as well as how to deal with plant pests and diseases.

Description and features of peach Greensboro

Greensboro tree has a height of 1-1.5 m with a spreading wide crown. Sheets - medium size, dark green in color, ends bent down. Fruiting occurs for 2-3 years. From one tree you can collect up to 67 kg of fruit. The kidneys are large, ovoid, concentrated in groups. Flowering - plentiful, inflorescences with pink petals.

Studies by breeders prove that peach normally transfers the vaccine to other varieties, as well as to cherry plum, apricot and almonds. This property is used to grow Greensboro on soils unsuitable for it. The color of the fruits is greenish-cream with a burgundy blush, they have an average size and weight of about 100-120 g. The fruits are oval, slightly compressed laterally, have a pubescent skin of medium density. The pulp is creamy green, juicy, sweet with a slight acidity. The stone is medium in size, it is difficult to separate from the pulp.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

  • Among the main advantages of Greensboro peach are:
  • early ripening of the crop. In the south, fruits ripen in July, and in chernozem areas in early August;
  • frost resistance - the tree withstands temperatures up to -22ºC;
  • good taste;
  • resistance to diseases such as kleasterosporiosis and powdery mildew.

  • Despite the large number of positive qualities, it is impossible not to mention some of the disadvantages of the plant, including:
  • different size of fruits on one tree. Some may weigh about 70 g, while others - 120 g;
  • poor transportability, as peaches quickly lose their presentation;
  • limited areas for cultivation. The variety is suitable for the southern regions, with good agricultural technology, it can be grown in the middle lane, as well as in regions characterized by mild winters and warm summers.

Features of planting peach

Choosing to grow Greensboro on your site, it is worth considering the following features of its planting.

Did you know? The kernel of the peach kernel contains hydrocyanic acid, which in large quantities is toxic to the body.

Dates and place of landing

Greensboro must be planted in sunny, sheltered areas without water stagnation. An ideal choice would be the southern slope. This variety is unpretentious to the type of soil, but it is better not to grow it on acidic and excessively saline soils. Heavy soils must be fertilized with humus, light soils with mineral top dressing. Planting time depends on the region of cultivation.

Based on this factor, it is recommended to adhere to the following peach planting dates:

  • for the southern regions - autumn (September-early October). If a tree is planted in the spring, heat and direct rays of the sun will negatively affect it;
  • for the middle lane - landing should be carried out in spring or autumn, under favorable weather conditions. The main thing is that the soil is warmed up to + 15ºC;
  • for regions close to the north - exclusively in the spring, when the soil and air are heated to stably-positive temperatures.

Important! If the seedling has green leaves, they must be removed before planting to reduce the load on the roots.

Selection of seedlings

Peach seedlings are best bought in special nurseries. Thus, the acquired plants are guaranteed to be consistent with varietal qualities.

When purchasing a Greensboro seedling, you should pay attention to such indicators:

  1. Height. It should be 1-1.5 m.
  2. Age. Must be no more than 2 years.
  3. Trunk girth. This figure should be an average of 2 cm.
  4. Bark. It must be smooth to the touch and free from damage and stains.
  5. The roots. There should be no mechanical damage and no signs of damage by pests or diseases.

Did you know? Peach is a low-calorie fruit and contains only 39 calories per 100 g of product.

Site preparation

The site where Greensboro will grow needs to be prepared 6 months before the plant is directly planted. Pre-dig a hole measuring 40 x 40 cm. The distance between the trees should be at least 3 m, since this variety does not tolerate thickening. Aisles should be 4-5 meters wide.

Step-by-step process

Having started the direct planting of the Greensboro seedling, you must adhere to the instructions:

  1. Install a stake or pole in the center of the landing pit, which will support the plant.
  2. Pour drainage (crushed stone or sand) at the bottom of the pit, the thickness of which should be about 10 cm.
  3. Build a hill of support from a fertile substrate around the support.
  4. Set the seedling so that the support gives a shadow to the plant in daylight.
  5. Distribute the roots of the seedling on a mound of earth and sprinkle with a small layer of soil.
  6. Irrigate the seedling with 10 liters of room temperature water until it is completely absorbed.
  7. Fill the landing pit with soil.

Video: planting peach seedlings

Grade Pollinators

Greensboro is a self-fertile variety; for fruiting it does not need other varieties nearby. However, if other pollinating varieties are present in the garden, the Greensboro yield may increase significantly.

Plant care

In order for Greensboro to bring the maximum yield, it is necessary to provide him with proper care.

Important! After harvesting, it is recommended to stop watering the Greensboro peach in order to reduce the growth of branches and increase the resistance of the tree to frost.

Watering

Peach Greensboro must be watered regularly. In order for the young plant to take root well, it is necessary that the soil is wetted by 25-45 cm - to the depth of the roots of the seedling. In the first month after planting, the plant should be watered 2 times a week with water at room temperature, 10 l of water should be poured under each tree. In dry times, watering is increased to 3 times a week, and the amount of water should be 15-20 liters.

An adult plant needs to be deeply moistened every 10 days, pouring water into the trunk circle

Trimming and shaping the crown of a young peach

Peach Greensboro needs to be pruned and removed annually for dry or damaged shoots. Also, it is necessary to thin out and form the crown of the plant. In the first year of planting, you need to cut the main shoot, leaving 65 cm. Among the branches that appeared in the summer, you should choose 4-5 shoots at a distance of about 15 cm from each other - they will subsequently become skeletal. The top of the shoot is cut off. The next three years, skeletal branches are cut to one third of the length.

We advise you to familiarize yourself with the features of proper peach pruning in spring.

You should also leave on the tree 2-3 branches of the second order at a distance of 35-40 cm from each other. In the future, you need to annually cut and thin out the branches, depending on how densely the kidneys are placed. If the buds are at a close distance, they cut off more strongly, and if the buds are on the edges of the shoots, only damaged and non-bearing branches should be removed. In order not to harm the tree, pruning equipment (secateurs, delimbers, scissors) should be sharpened and fully functional.

Immediately prior to trimming, it is imperative to sanitize and sterilize instruments in this way:

  1. Make a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid (30 ml of liquid in 10 liters of water)
  2. Immerse the cutting surfaces of the tools in liquid and leave for 30 minutes.
  3. Tools dry naturally.
  4. Wipe the cutting surfaces with alcohol.

Top dressing

When growing Greensboro, an important component of good development and yield is to apply enough fertilizer.

We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the features of the beneficial and unhealthy properties of peach.

For the season, you must adhere to such a schedule:

  1. The first feeding. It is introduced during the period of bud swelling. For these purposes, urea or nitrophoska is used at the rate of 35 g per tree.
  2. The second top dressing. Made in mid-July. During this period, it is necessary to use the phosphorus-potassium complex.
  3. The third top dressing. It is carried out in the fall. Peach needs to be fed with organic fertilizers.

Preparing a tree for winter

When preparing Greensboro for the winter, you must perform the following actions:

  • dig up the earth near the roots. This will help to remove the parasites;
  • to introduce mineral fertilizers into the soil;
  • pruning in September, removing all damaged shoots;
  • in late October - early November, it is necessary to water with a moderate amount of water;
  • to treat branches and trunk with pests;
  • whiten the trunk and lower skeletal branches;
  • insulate the plant with spruce branches or straw. Drag the insulation material with a rope and cover with burlap or heavy paper on top.

Read more about the basic rules for warming a peach tree for the winter.

Diseases and Pests

Greensboro variety is resistant to many diseases, however, it can still be affected by these:

  1. Curl of leaves. The disease affects the shoots and is characterized by the appearance of purple leaves on a tree. A tree with curly leaves ceases to bear fruit. To overcome the disease, you need to treat the trees with preparations containing copper, such as “Skor”, “Chorus” or “Hom”.

  2. Moniliosis. A fungus that infects flowers, leaves and branches, and later fruits. Brown spots appear on the parts of the plant affected by the disease, the fruits become deformed. Parts of the plant affected by moniliosis are subject to immediate destruction. Before flowering, you need to treat the peach tree with Chorus, and after flowering, use Topaz.

Pests that can harm Greensboro:

  1. Aphid. It sucks the juice of the tree, as a result of which the leaves crumble, and the plant itself gets sick and dries up. With a small amount of these pests, they need to be crushed with gloves on. Otherwise, aphids need to be destroyed by potent pesticides.

  2. Eastern codling moth. It feeds on young shoots and small ovaries, and also carries fungal diseases. If a codling moth is found on its trees, they should proceed to their immediate destruction. To combat the eastern moth, the trees need to be treated with preparations of “Benzophosphate” or “Rovikurt”.

  3. Fruit moth. The caterpillars of this pest damage the buds and young shoots, as a result of which Greensboro can lose leaves and reduce fruiting. To combat fruit moths use "Karbofos" or "Chlorophos".

Harvesting and storage of crops

It is necessary to remove the fruits of the Greensboro peach for eating when fully ripened, for transportation they should be slightly immature. Fruit collection must be carried out manually, selectively, in 2-3 stages. This variety of peaches is not suitable for long-term storage, therefore it does not tolerate transportation, however, you can try to extend their shelf life to 1.5 months fresh.

Learn about the properties of dried peach.

To do this, you need to choose elastic fresh undamaged fruits, each peach needs to be wrapped in a newspaper sheet and lay in layers in a box. Fruits should be stored in a room with high humidity and a temperature of about 0ºC. Seedless fruits can be placed in the freezer. You can also preserve peaches and use them for making compotes and preserves.

Peach Greensboro has good winter hardiness and early fruit ripening, but is not suitable for all regions. Putting into practice all the recommendations for caring for it, you can grow a tree on your site that will regularly bring tasty and fragrant fruits.

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