Features of Fig Peaches

Fig peach attracts owners of cottages and household plots with an unusual shape and taste of fruits, as well as increased frost resistance compared to ordinary peach trees. Since caring for this plant requires increased attention, growing it requires certain knowledge.

Fig Origin History

Fig peach can often be found under other names - Chinese turnip, Flat, Paraguay.

Interest in it is due to the unusual shape of the fruit - they are flattened, similar to donuts.

Contrary to popular belief, Fig peach is not a hybrid of peach and fig. It is obtained from wild varieties of peach trees growing in Central Asia.

Did you know? Europeans for a long time called peach a Persian apple, since it was brought to Europe through Persia from China. Later the name was reduced to one word.

Description and Characteristics of Figs

The tree of the described species is tall - it can reach a height of up to 5 m. It has a spreading crown. The annual growth is small.

Leaves of Fig peach are lanceolate, with an upper dark green plate and lower sulfur.

Flowering occurs in mid-April. In appearance, the flowers are similar to those that appear in the wild rose. They are pale pink in color.

The fruit ripens in July - August. In diameter, the fruits reach 5–7 cm. The average weight of one piece is 100–150 g. The fruits are covered with a dense, pubescent skin. Her color may vary from yellow to red, depending on the variety. The pulp is characterized by high palatability and juiciness.

Fruits are grown for fresh consumption, use in various culinary dishes, desserts, preservation.

  • Fig peach has several advantages:
    • high palatability and unusual shape of the fruit;
    • small bone;
    • ability to tolerate transportation well;
    • high level of frost resistance;
    • persistent immunity.

  • Among the shortcomings are worth mentioning:
    • susceptibility to gray rot;
    • not prolonged fruit life.

Useful and harmful properties of Figs peaches

Fig peach is considered a very healthy fruit due to its rich chemical composition. It contains vitamins A, C, E, PP, H, group B, beta-carotene, as well as minerals: sodium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iodine, fluorine, zinc, iron, etc.

  • With regular use, the described fetus can produce the following positive effects on the human body:
    • replenishes reserves of vitamins and minerals;
    • cleanses the intestines;
    • strengthens the immune system;
    • normalizes the activity of the nervous system;
    • prevents the development of cancer, heart and blood vessel diseases, anemia, vitamin deficiency, obesity;
    • improves metabolism;
    • beneficial effect on the digestive tract;
    • improves sperm quality;
    • enhances lactation.

A fruit can provide both benefits and harm, however, its harmful properties appear only with excessive eating, or if a person has an individual intolerance. Peaches should not be eaten by people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, allergies.

The best varieties of lean peach

The most popular varieties are UFO-3, Saturn, Vladimir, Belmondo, Kolonovidny, Nikitsky. Take a closer look at some of them.

Find out about the health benefits of peach.

Colon-shaped fig peach

Colon-shaped peach is valuable in that it has a compact crown and takes up little space on the site . Trees grow up to 2 m in height. The first crop can be harvested in the second or third year after planting a seedling in the ground. Fruits appear in July - August. The average weight is 150–170 g. They are sweet and juicy to taste. Their bone is small - 3-4 g. Transportability is low. Productivity - 6-10 kg per plant.

The main advantages of the variety are self-pollination and a high level of frost resistance (up to -30 ° C). It is suitable for cultivation in warm regions and areas related to the middle lane. Perhaps the cultivation of trees in containers.


This variety has strong-growing trees (up to 5-6 m) with strong immunity. They are characterized by a high level of frost resistance and high productivity.

Fruits appear in the second half of August. They weigh 100-120 g. Their skin is yellow with a red blush. The inner part is characterized by juiciness and sweetness, a small bone is located in it. Taste on a five-point tasting scale was rated at 4.8 points. The fruits are well tolerated and have a beautiful presentation.


The variety is made by American breeders. Fruits in August; they are large, reaching a weight of 100 g. The color of the peaches is yellow with a red blush, slightly pubescent. The inside of them is also yellow, juicy, sweet. Has a small bone. Tasters rated the taste at 4.6 points.

Belmondo peach trees tolerate low temperatures. They begin to bloom late.


Trees of this growth are characterized by weak growth, sprawling crown, medium ripening and high productivity. Fruits can be harvested in the first 10 days of August. They are large, 140-160 g each. The skin is colored yellow, dense, slightly pubescent. The inner part is yellow, characterized by sweetness, juiciness, fiber.

The advantage of the Vladimir variety is strong immunity, the disadvantage is the average level of frost resistance.


Trees grow medium in height, with a spreading crown. In August, they bring weakly pubescent large yellow fruits with a burgundy top. The inside is creamy, different in sweetness, aroma, juiciness. The bone is small, it is separated from the pulp without problems.

Nikitsky peaches are appreciated because of their high fecundity, unpretentiousness in leaving, tasty fruits, ability to tolerate low temperatures well.


Italian early winter hardy variety. Ripening occurs in early July. Trees grow medium in height; their crown is spreading.

The average weight of the fruit is 100 g. The skin is colored yellow, 65–90% of the surface is covered with a red coating. The inside is white with red veins. It is characterized by excellent taste, honey flavor, juiciness.

Fruits tolerate transportation well, do not crack after ripening. The variety is characterized by medium frost resistance, high productivity, strong immunity.

Growing Fig Peach

To successfully grow a tree, you need to select and prepare a suitable place for it, purchase a high-quality seedling and observe the deadlines and technology.

Site selection and soil preparation

Abundant harvests are possible only if the seedling is planted in a well-lit area, sheltered from the winds. Groundwater should not lie close to it. The optimal level of occurrence is no closer than 1.5 m to the surface of the earth.

Important! The best harvest gives a flat peach when grown in chernozem or loam.

Site preparation and digging a hole must be done in the autumn. The hole must be made 60 cm wide and 50 cm deep. The earth that was excavated by digging a hole must be fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers. One of the options for the nutrient mixture: organic fertilizers (2 buckets) + wood ash (1 l) + superphosphate (1 tbsp.) + Potassium sulfate (0.5 tbsp.). During autumn planting, the last component should be replaced with potassium chloride.

Choosing a quality seedling

The purchase of planting material must be carried out in a specialized store or a well-established nursery. It is better to take one- or two-year-old seedlings - older copies will take too long to adapt to new conditions.

As for the planting dates, it is better to plant a heat-loving peach in April, making sure that there will be no more frost, and the weather is stable and stable on the street. It is important to have time to put the plant in the ground before it enters the growing season. Under the condition of spring planting, the tree will be able to adapt well to winter and successfully tolerate low temperatures.

Learn about the properties of dried peach.

Autumn planting can only be done in regions with a warm climate. Optimal time: end of September - first half of October.

Planting Figs of Peach

When planting a seedling, the following steps should be taken:

  1. Drive a landing stake into a pit.
  2. Lay a drainage layer of crushed stone, gravel, broken brick at the bottom.
  3. Cover the ground with a knoll filling 2/3 of the pit.
  4. Put a seedling on the hill, evenly distributing the roots. In this case, the root neck should rise 5 cm above the soil level.
  5. Cover the pit with earth to the top.
  6. Dig a watering circle in the near-stem zone, which will not allow water to flow and fall directly under the trunk.
  7. Pour 20 liters of water into a circle.
  8. Garter the barrel to the stake.
  9. Lay a layer of mulch in the near-barrel area.

If several trees are planted on the site, a distance of 3 m must be maintained between them. The recommended row spacing is 4-5 m.

Follow-up care

Tree care involves such procedures as watering, top dressing, pruning, preventive treatments against diseases and harmful insects, shelter for the winter.

Watering should be carried out 3-4 times per season. Recommended water flow rate is 30–40 L under the plant.

Regular top dressing should begin when the tree sprouts in the ground for 2 years . Full mineral fertilizers should be applied annually, organic every 2-3 years.

In a plant that has not reached the age of 5 years, it is necessary to form a crown. In the second year after planting, branches should be cut, leaving 50 cm. Next year, last year’s growth should be cut by a third.

After the crown is formed, every spring and autumn it is necessary to produce sanitary and supporting trimmings. In their course, all branches that have signs of the disease are damaged, damaged, dried up, grow incorrectly, and are curved.

Each trimming procedure is completed by lubricating the cut points with garden varieties or with RanNet .

So that the peach is not sick and not affected by harmful insects, it is necessary to resort to preventive measures. One of them is preventive treatments. They are produced 2–4 times per season: before buds open, along the green cone, in the phase of bud extension, after flowering.

To prevent diseases, they use Bordeaux liquid, Tsineb, Horus, Soon, Khom, Abiga-Peak. Against pests, they are treated with Aktara, Karate Zeon, and Insegar.

In order for the heat-loving peach to successfully survive the winter, it is specially prepared for winter : cut, whiten with a special solution, warm the trunk with coniferous spruce, spanbond, burlap, the root system with a 20-cm layer of mulch.

Did you know? Peach was the first fruit eaten by humans during their stay on the moon.

How to Grow Fig Peach from Bone

In addition to seedlings, flat figs can be grown from seed . It should be cautioned that this process is not easy. In addition, during such cultivation, the tree may produce not very tasty fruits. Landing is best done not in a container, but immediately in open ground. It is advisable to do this in the fall.

Only healthy fruits that do not have spots on the skin and no signs of rot are selected for the extraction of the seeds. The fruit is wrapped in a wet towel and kept in such conditions for a week, after which the bone is removed, washed, inspected for defects and placed in a container of water for another week, adding fresh water daily. After drying, the bones are ready for disembarkation. They need to split and remove the core.

In order to land successfully, it is recommended to plant not one bone, but 10–20 at a distance of 5–10 cm from each other. Depth of embedment should not be too large. After placement in the soil, the seeds should be sprinkled with a layer of leaves. Young shoots should appear in the spring.

Such trees enter fruiting in the second or third year . Care for them is the same as for those plants that have grown from seedlings.

Harvesting and storage tips

If peaches are planned to be consumed or processed immediately, they can be removed from trees at full maturity - when they are not very soft and juicy. If the plans include transportation and long-term storage of fruits, then they need to be removed in a slightly unripe form.

To remove a peach from a tree, you need to grab it with your palm, turn it a bit, as if twisting it from a branch, and then gently pull down. The fruits removed from a tree need to be put in plastic boxes.

Important! To avoid damage to the delicate skin of a flat peach, it is necessary to harvest with gloves.

For ripening, the fruits can be laid out on a horizontal surface in a warm room, or packaged in a paper bag along with an apple or banana.

In room conditions, fruits can be stored for up to 3 days, in the refrigerator - up to a week. They should be stored in the fruit tray, wrapping each fruit in paper.

So, now you know what else called Fig peach and that it is not crossed with figs, but grown from wild varieties of peach trees. In the country, you can grow it from a seedling or seed. To obtain a plentiful and high-quality crop, regular care is necessary.

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