Features Cherry Carmine Jewel
The popularity of cherries is justified by their beneficial properties. But at the same time, not all trees have the same taste and marketability. The varietal diversity of this culture allows gardeners to choose seedlings, focusing also on the degree of productivity, resistance to cold, drought and disease. One of the worthy breeding novelties is Carmine Jewel. What are its features and disadvantages, the secrets of reproduction, planting and care, learn from the article.
Description and Characteristics of Carmine Jewel Cherries
The variety is of Canadian origin, therefore it is adapted to the climatic conditions of the sharply continental zone. Breeders were engaged in its improvement for several years. During the last test of the fruiting potential of Carmine Jewel, scientists at the University of Saskatchewan Canada University evaluated the characteristics of their creation according to generally accepted biological criteria.
Did you know? Twenty ripe cherries have the same effect on the human body as an aspirin tablet.
Pollination and fruiting
A self-fertile tree without the presence of pollinating neighbors can independently plant up to 60% of the fruit. Regular fruiting occurs at 3 years, its peak falls on the seventh year of vegetation.
This variety is mid-season. Its fragrant fruits ripen in the second decade of July, but even having reached maximum ripeness, they do not crumble from the branches and can last on them until the fall. It is characteristic that the taste of the crop changes until it is fully ripened. Then the berries are poured with a dark carmine color, sugar content and juiciness. In their taste there is no traditional cherry astringency or bitterness inherent in some varieties. New taste faces of fruits are revealed over 3 years.
In this aspect, the undersized plant, whose height does not exceed 2 m, pleased its creators. With each adult cherry, under favorable growing conditions, you can collect up to 20 kg of berries with high taste and marketability. To increase productivity, breeders advise planting a plant near other simultaneously-flowering cherries. In this way, one hundred percent ovary formation can be achieved.
Did you know? Ancient people used ripe cherries to make edible green dyes.
High tolerance to the tolerance of the harsh Canadian climate and unstable temperature conditions is one of the main tasks that the cultivators pursued. As a result of long work, they managed to get cherries, which painlessly tolerates winter and spring frosts of the sharply continental zone. As a pleasant bonus, gardeners received the unpretentiousness of the culture to the growing conditions and the simplicity of caring for it.
Berries Carmine Jewel compares favorably with other varieties for their sugary sweetness, juicy pulp, elasticity of the skin and large size. On average, each fruit weighs about 4 g. Many people compare its taste with a cherry-plum composition. The bones of cherries are small. If you grow a crop in a sunny area, the level of sugar contained in its fruits can reach 20%.
Based on these commodity and taste features, the crop of this variety is universal in application. It is consumed fresh, canned, dried, frozen, processed into juices, used to make wines, liquors, compotes, preserves, jams, jellies, pastille.
Did you know? The name "cherry" is of Slavic origin. He is associated with "height", "the Almighty." For many peoples, this tree is considered divine and symbolizes life .
Fresh fruits can be stored for about a month. Thanks to the listed qualities, the variety was named Carmine Jewel, and in the everyday life of gardeners it sounds like a Precious carmine. It is based on the maternal features of ordinary and steppe cherries, so the plant can develop in the form of a bush or a dwarf tree, demonstrates extreme endurance and vitality.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Despite the many positive qualities and the long work of breeders to improve them, Carmine Jewel is imperfect. In reviews of the variety, some gardeners admire the totality of its advantages, while others doubt the quality declared by the manufacturers.
- stable fruiting begins from 3 years of life;
- high resistance to severe frosts and prolonged moisture deficiency;
- profuse bearing;
- high taste and marketability of the crop;
- the possibility of long-term storage of fresh berries;
- after ripening, the fruits do not fall off the branches;
- satisfactory resistance to common diseases and pests;
- convenience of harvesting (due to the compactness and dwarfism of the plant);
- universality of fruits.
- full disclosure of the fruiting potential only in the 7th year of life (because of this, the owners of large gardens cannot recoup the costs of laying them);
- low transportability (due to excessive juiciness of the fruit);
- the first ripe fruits will appear closer to the end of July (there is no possibility of getting an early harvest);
- the amount of ovary formed is affected by weather conditions;
- in the first years of life, the yield of a young tree will not exceed 4 - 5 kg.
Propagation and planting of cherries
Precious carmine is still a rarity for Russian and Ukrainian gardeners, so traditional grafting of cuttings and a vegetative method of propagation are not appropriate in this case. Those wishing to acquire a novelty should buy a ready-made seedling in a specialized nursery. It is important that the tree has time to build up the root system, a strong trunk and form several skeletal branches.
Important! It is preferable to plant cherries in the spring, when the average daily air temperature reaches stable +15 C, and the earth warms up to +12 C. During the spring-summer period, the tree will have time to grow a healthy root system, grow stronger and gradually adapt to future cold weather.
You can verify the quality of the instance you like by scratching one of its root processes. If light wood appears at the wound site, you can buy cherries. No growths, spotting, mechanical damage, as well as signs of rot and mold are unacceptable. Such plants are infected and weakened, at best they will give a meager poor-quality crop, they will have to be treated for a long time.
A place for planting cherries must meet the following requirements:
- the location of groundwater is not closer than 1.5 m from the surface of the earth;
- the elevation of the southern orientation section (lowlands should be avoided, where cold air, rain and melt water gather);
- light permeable soil (preferably loamy) with neutral acidity (highly oxidized areas are recommended to alkalize using well-known cannons, dolomite flour or old plaster);
- an abundance of light (in partial shade, the ripening of the crop will be delayed for several weeks, and their taste will be devoid of sweetness).
Important! When planting several cherries, keep a distance of 1 m between them with a row spacing of 1.5 m.
At the selected site in the autumn, remove garbage and prepare a landing pit. Its depth should correspond to 1 m, and its diameter should be 70 cm. A drainage layer of broken brick, expanded clay is laid on the bottom, and a mixture of fertile soil and organic fertilizers is poured on top by a third. More often for these purposes, use rotted compost or manure. Alternatively, you can prepare a solution of 0.5 kg of superphosphate and 300 g of potassium sulfate.
Important! When planting, it is not advisable to deepen the cherry much. A buried root neck will entail root rot .
It is advisable to isolate the near-stem circle by forming a soil rim. It is done with the aim of preventing the leakage of liquid during irrigation and top dressing. At the final stage of planting cherries, it is important to mulch the hole with peat, straw, sawdust or straw. It is not recommended to use coniferous material as mulch, since it contributes to the acidification of the earth.
Video: Cherry Seedling Planting Instructions
Cherry Care Carmine Jewel
This variety compares favorably with its unpretentiousness, however, its yield is largely influenced by external factors and compliance with agricultural rules of care. To avoid the common mistakes of novice gardeners, experts advise:
- Control the moisture level under the cherries. Regular moderate watering is needed in the first 3 years of the life of the Precious Carmine, and subsequently the tree is abundantly watered during the flowering and ovary formation, as well as after harvesting. It is important that the soil in the shafts does not swamp or dry out (especially in young trees). Under each adult tree, pour no more than 3 liters of water. Remember that excess moisture contributes to the development of root rot and fungal infections, and during fruiting, excessive watering can cause cracking and rotting of berries.
- If over 12 months the length of the side branches increased by 60 cm, then you do not need to feed the plant. If the growth is much smaller, in the spring it is advisable to introduce a mixture of humus (half a bucket), double superphosphate (100 g), ammonium nitrate (150 g). Further feeding for cherries is relevant every 2 to 4 years.
- For the full development of the tree and in order to prevent its diseases, annually, in the spring, remove damaged, broken and dried branches from the crown. The place of cut must be treated with garden varnish to prevent gum-detecting. It is also important to remove the shoots growing inside the crown. For abundant fruiting, all branches should be well lit. Plan anti-aging pruning every 4 to 5 years.
With anti-aging pruning of cherries, skeletal branches are shortened to an upward lateral branch.
- To stimulate the winter-hardy qualities of young cherry seedlings, they are abundantly watered in autumn. It is important that by this moment the trunks are already dug up (15 cm deep), otherwise moisture stagnation will lead to damage to the roots. After that, the wells are mulched. At the stage of autumn preparation for cold weather, all trees need to be prevented from diseases. After pruning, be sure to remove the fallen leaves from the garden and spray the trees with a 5% urea solution .
Tips from experienced gardeners
Cherries, in spite of their vitality, in the initial stages of their development require a lot of attention. The correct actions of the gardener will help strengthen the immunity of the young seedling and prolong its life. To do this, constantly monitor the development and condition of the plant. Its appearance can tell a lot about the deficiency or lack of the necessary nutrient component in the soil.
Important! Sanitary pruning for cherries is relevant annually, and the removal of branches for the purpose of rejuvenation is recommended once every 4 to 5 years.
- Spotting on the leaves, the development of chlorosis, the appearance of light veins - a combination of these signs signals an excessive amount of trace elements.
- Intensive growth of biomass, strongly elongated shoots and low productivity are a sign of an excessive amount of nitrogen-containing components in the soil. With a lack of it, unnatural yellow spots appear on the leaves.
- Prematurely yellowing, dying foliage is a signal of the need to reduce phosphorus components. In case of their deficiency, there is a curvature of the fruit. On the palate, they become overly acidic, the foliage loses its gloss.
- Weak growth, partial death of branches, pale green foliage with traces of necrosis, its twisting, small fruits - it is worth reducing potash top dressing.
Experienced gardeners, in order to help the cherries to winter successfully, are advised to spud it with snow, ramming it tightly in the near-stem circle.
You will be interested to learn about the features of the life expectancy of cherries.
Carmine Jewel is a worthy variety whose fruits can compete with elite types of cherries in their appearance and taste. Its cultivation will not burden the gardener if he will persistently abide by the rules of agricultural technology for the cultivation of these unpretentious crops.